Chapter 3, Multiple Choice

75 terms by jsnyder99 

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Medical Terminology: A Living Language, 4/e

Which is NOT an accessory organ to the skin?
a. sensory receptor
b. hair
c. nail
d. sweatgland

A

Which is the most superficial layer of skin?
a. subcutaneious layer
b. epidermis
c. dermis
d. corium

B

Which is NOT a function of the skin?
a. temperature regulation
b. protection agains pathogens
c. absorb nutrients
d. housing sensory receptors

A

Which of the following statements regarding the epidermis is not true?
a. It is composed of stratified squamous epithelium
b. The deepest layer is the basal layer
c. As skin cells die they become filled with a hard protein called keratin
d. Melanocytes give skin its pink color

D

Which of the following pairs is NOT correctly matched?
a. epidermis-thin outer membrane layer
b. melanin-gives skin its color
c. keratin-intermost layer, containing fatty tissue
d. dermis-fibrous connective tissue layer

C

Which of the following statements regarding melanin is NOT true?
a. causes the formation of wrinkles
b. gives skin its color
c. protects agains ultraviolet rays
d. protects agains skin cancer

A

Which of the following statements regarding the dermis is NOT true?
a. The dermis is also called the corium
b. The dermis is composed of fibrous connective tissue
c. The dermis contains a large amount of adipose tissue
d. The dermis houses sensory receptors

C

Which of the following statements regarding the dermis is NOT true?
a. The dermis has a good blood supply
b. The dermis is between the hypodermis and subcutaneous layer
c. The term dermis means true skin
d. The dermis houses sweat glands

B

Which of the following structures is NOT housed in the dermis?
a. nails
b. hair follicles
c. sebaceous glands
d. nerve fibers

A

Which of the following statements regarding the subcutaneous layer is NOT true?
a. This layer is also called the hypodermis
b. This layer is composed primarily of lipocytes
c. This layer acts as an insulation against cold
d. This layer houses sensory receptors

D

Hair fibers are composed of:
a. melanin
b. keratin
c. collagen
d. lipocytes

B

You would find collagen fibers in which layer of skin?
a. epidermis
b. dermis
c. subcutaneous layer
d. all layers

B

Hair grows towards the surface within the:
a. hair shaft
b. hair root
c. hair follicle
d. hair cuticle

C

Which glands are associated with hair follicles?
a. sebaceous glands
b. fat glands
c. sweat glands
d. apocrine glands

A

Which of the following pairs is not matched correctly?
a. hair-composed of keratin
b. nails-grow longer from the root
c. sweat glands-secrete sebum to cool the skin
d. sebaceous glands-secrete into hair follicle

C

Nails are connected to the tissue underneath by the:
a. nail body
b. nail bed
c. nail root
d. cuticle

B

The ______is a portion of the nail that is clipped when it grows too long.
a. nail root
b. cuticle
c. free edge
d. nail bed

C

Which of the following statements regarding sebaceous glands is NOT true?
a. These glands are found in the dermis
b. These glands secrete oil into a duct
c. These glands secrete less oil as we age
d. These glands play a role in adolescent acne

C

Which of the following statements regarding sweat glands is NOT true?
a. These glands secrete sweat into a duct
b. Sweat contains a small amount of waste products
c. Perspiration cools the body
d. These glands play a role in adolescent acne

D

Where are apocrine sweat glands located?
a. underarm area
b. palms and soles
c. around the lips
d. arms and legs

A

Which term means pertaining to within the skin?
a. epidermal
b. hypodermal
c. intradermal
d. interdermal

C

Which term specifically means abnormal condition of the skin?
a. dermatopathy
b. dermatosis
c. dermatoplasty
d. dermatitis

B

Which term means abnormal condition of excessive sweat?
a. hyperhidrosis
b. ahidrosis
c. anhidrosis
d. hypohidrosis

A

Which term means fatty growth?
a. lipectomy
b. adiposis
c. adipopathy
d. lipoma

B

Which term means softening of the nails?
a. onychomycosis
b. onychomalacia
c. onychosclerosis
d. onychostenosis

B

Which term means surgical removal of wrinkles?
a. rhytidotomy
b. rhytidoplasty
c. rhytidectomy
d. rhytidostomy

C

Which term is misspelled?
a. onychomycosis
b. rhytidoplasty
c. hyperhydrosis
d. subcutaneous

C

Which term is misspelled?
a. dermatologist
b. melenocyte
c. lipectomy
d. ungula

B

Which term is misspelled?
a. luekoderma
b. erythroderma
c. scleroderma
d. xeroderma

A

Which term means hard skin?
a. erythroderma
b. xeroderma
c. ichthyoderma
d. scleroderma

D

Which term means red skin?
a. cyanoderma
b. erythroderma
c. melanoderma
d. leukoderma

B

Which term means a scraping away of the skin surface by friction?
a. cicatrix
b. contusion
c. abrasion
d. keratosis

C

The term for a regular scar (not hypertrophic) is:
a. cicatrix
b. eschar
c. comedo
d. keloid

A

The term for profuse sweating is:
a. anhidrosis
b. contusion
c. diaphoresis
d. keratosis

C

The term for excessive hair growth over the body is:
a. hyperemia
b. nevus
c. hyperhidrosis
d. hirsutism

D

Which term does NOT refer to an abnormal skin color?
a. cyanosis
b. erythema
c. pallor
d. keratosis

D

Which term refers to the bruise caused by blunt trauma to the skin?
a. ecchymosis
b. petechiae
c. vitiligo
d. purpura

A

A pigmented skin blemish, birthmark or mole is called a:
a. keloid
b. nevus
c. ecchymosis
d. eschar

B

Which condition is also called hives?
a. purulent
b. pruritus
c. urticaria
d. verruca

C

Which condition is commonly called warts?
a. nevus
b. keratosis
c. purpura
d. verruca

D

Which surface lesion is a torn or jagged wound?
a. laceration
b. macule
c. fissure
d. ulcer

A

Which surface lesion is a flat, discolored area that is flush with the skin surface?
a. papule
b. wheal
c. macule
d. vesicle

C

Which surface lesion is a small, round, swollen area, typically an allergic reaction?
a. vesicle
b. wheal
c. pusule
d. papule

B

Which surface lesion is a small, solid, circular, raised spot?
a. papule
b. pustule
c. cyst
d. macule

A

Which surface lesion is a blister?
a. pustule
b. vesicle
c. papule
d. wheal

B

Which of the following lesions does NOT have pus?
a. pustule
b. abcess
c. furuncle
d. papule

D

Acne _____is the common form of acne seen in teenagers.
a. rosacea
b. verruca
c. vulgaris
d. impetigo

C

This condition is frequently called a bedsore or pressure sore.
a. decubitus ulcer
b. cellulitis
c. ichthyosis
d. gangrene

A

Which of the following is a genetic condition in which the body is unable to make melanin?
a. carbuncle
b. vitiligo
c. eczema
d. albinism

A

Which cancerous lesion is frequently seen in immunodeficient patients?
a. malignant melanoma
b. Kaposi's sacrcoma
c. basal cell carcinoma
d. squamous cell carcinoma

B

Which of the following conditions is a lice infestation?
a. scabies
b. ichthyosis
c. pediculosis
d. varicella

C

This infection is commonly called chicken-pox.
a. varicella
b. rubella
c. vitiligo
d. tinea

A

This ischemic condition has developed a secondary pus-producing infection.
a. psoriasis
b. wet gangrene
c. furuncle
d. dry gangrene

B

This condition is commonly called athlete's foot.
a. rubella
b. tinea capitis
c. scabies
d. tinea pedis

D

Which term means baldness?
a. onychia
b. impetigo
c. alopecia
d. vitiligo

C

Which of the following conditions is caused by a mite infestation?
a. pediculosis
b. wheal
c. impetigo
d. scabies

D

An infection of the skin fold around the nail is called:
a. paronychia
b. onychia
c. onychophagia
d. perionychitis

A

Which diagnostic procedure examines a piece of tissue under a microscope?
a. cytology
b. curettage
c. biopsy
d. debridement

C

A culture and sensitivity will detect:
a. cancer
b. a bacterial infection
c. a viral infection
d. a lice infection

B

In exfoliative cytology the cells for examination are obtained by:
a. incision
b. syringe
c. needle
d. scraping

D

Which of the following diagnostic procedures gives a rapid examination of a tissue sample?
a. frozen section
b. cryosurgery
c. fungal scraping
d. exfoliative cytology

A

Which skin graft procedure uses skin from another species?
a. allograft
b. heterograft
c. xenograft
d. autograft

B or C

Which surgical procedure is the removal of dead or damaged tissue from a wound?
a. debridement
b. electrocautery
c. cauterization
d. cryosurgery

A

Which surgical procedure is used to remove acne scars and tattoos?
a. cauterization
b. dermabrasion
c. electrolysis
d. dermatoplasty

B

Which procedure is commonly referred to as a chemical peel?
a. cutterage
b. liposuction
c. dermabrasion
d. chemabrasion

D

Which surgical procedure removes superficial skin lesions with scraping?
a. cutterage
b. cryosurgery
c. debridement
d. placation

A

Which procedure removes fat from under the skin?
a. dermabrasion
b. laser therapy
c. electrolysis
d. liposuction

D

Which medication is used to deaden pain?
a. anesthetic
b. antipruritic
c. corticosteroid
d. antiseptic

A

Which medication is used to reduce inflammation?
a. antipruritic
b. antibiotic
c. antiseptic
d. corticosteroid

D

Which medication is used to kill mites or lice?
a. antibiotic
b. antifungal
c. antiparasitic
d. antipruritic

C

Which abbreviation is a surgical procedure?
a. I&D
b. ID
c. MM
d. ung

A

Which abbreviation stands for a cancerous tumor?
a. UV
b. MM
c. ID
d. SLE

B

Which abbreviation is NOT a diagnostic test?
a. Bx
b. FS
c. C&S
d. SG

D

Which surgical procedure uses cold?
a. cryosurgery
b. curettage
c. debridement
d. placation

A

Which lesion is a fluid-filled sac under the skin?
a. nodule
b. wheal
c. cyst
d. papule

C

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