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Medical Terminology: A Living Language, 4/e

Which of the following is NOT one of the three types of muscles found in the body?
a. skeletal
b. motor
c. smooth
d. cardiac

B

Which of the following is a voluntary muscle?
a. skeletal
b. cardiac
c. smooth
d. all are voluntary

A

The fibrous connective tissue that wraps muscle is called:
a. ligaments
b. adipose
c. fascia
d. tendons

A

Skeletal muscles are attached to bones by:
a. tendons
b. ligaments
c. bursa
d. both a and b

A

Which type of muscle is also called visceral muscle?
a. cardiac
b. skeletal
c. smooth
d. none

C

Where would you NOT find smooth muscle?
a. respiratory airways
b. blood vessels
c. stomach
d. heart

D

Skeletal muscles may be named for all the following except:
a. location
b. size
c. depth
d. action

C

The external oblique muscle is named due to its:
a. number of attachments points
b. fiber direction
c. action
d. location

B

When a skeletal muscle is attached to two bones, the more movable of the bones is considered to be where the muscle ends and is called its:
a. insertion
b. action
c. origin
d. tendon

A

The type of movement a skeletal muscle produces is called its:
a. myoneural junction
b. tendon
c. origin
d. action

D

Movement away from the midline of the body is called:
a. adduction
b. flexion
c. abduction
d. circumduction

C

The opposite action from flexion is:
a. plantar fexion
b. extension
c. inversion
d. elevation

B

Pointing the toes downward is called:
a. plantar flexion
b. extension
c. depression
d. dorsiflexion

A

Which motion occurs at the thumb?
a. opposition
b. circumduction
c. eversion
d. rotation

A

Turning the palm upward is called:
a. pronation
b. supination
c. rotation
d. circumduction

B

Two bones are held together in a joint by:
a. cartilage
b. tendons
c. ligaments
d. muscles

C

Which type of bones is roughly as long as they are wide?
a. long
b. short
c. irregular
d. flat

B

Vertebrae are an example of what type of bone?
a. long
b. short
c. irregular
d. flat

C

The shaft of a long bone is called the:
a. periosteum
b. epiphysis
c. epiphyseal plate
d. diaphysis

D

The end of a long bone is covered by:
a. articular cartilage
b. spongy bone
c. periosteum
d. red bone marrow

A

The dense and hard exterior surface bone is called _____bone.
a. compact
b. articular
c. cancellous
d. spongy

A

Which of the following bony projections is smooth in order to articulate with another bone?
a. tubercle
b. tuberosity
c. condyle
d. trochanter

C

A hollow cavity within a bone is called a:
a. fissure
b. fossa
c. foramen
d. sinus

D

Which of the following bones is NOT part of the axial skeleton?
a. ribs
b. femur
c. sternum
d. skull

D

Which of the following bones is part of the axial skeleton?
a. patella
b. ischium
c. clavicle
d. vertebrae

C

Which of the following bones is NOT part of the skull?
a. temporal
b. sphenoid
c. hyoid
d. nasal

A

The tibia is commonly referred to as the :
a. shin bone
b. ankle bones
c. hip bone
d. knee cap

D

The ilium is part of the:
a. pectoral girdle
b. lower extremity
c. upper extremity
d. pelvic girdle

D

Which of the following bones is NOT part of the appendicular skeleton?
a. femur
b. humerus
c. clavicle
d. sternum

C

The clavicle is commonly referred to as the:
a. shoulder blade
b. breast bone
c. collar bone
d. wrist

B

The anatomical name of the knee cap is the:
a. fibula
b. patella
c. phalanges
d. tarsals

A

Which bone is NOT part of the os coxae?
a. coccyx
b. ischium
c. ilium
d. pubis

C

Which of the following is the name for freely moving joints?
a. osseous
b. cartilaginous
c. synovial
d. fibrous

B

An example of a fibrous joint is the:
a. pubic symphysis
b. skull sutures
c. shoulder joint
d. jaw joint

D

Synovial joints are enclosed by an elastic:
a. synovial membrane
b. ligament
c. cartilage
d. joint capsule

A

The noise produced by bones or cartilage rubbing together is called:
a. crepitation
b. callus
c. orthotic
d. fracture

B

Braces or splints used to prevent or correct deformities are called:
a. prosthetics
b. orthotics
c. orthopedics
d. podiatrics

C

The medical term for humpback is:
a. exostosis
b. scoliosis
c. kyphosis
d. lordosis

C

Which term means that the fracture is protruding through an open skin wound?
a. simple fracture
b. compression fracture
c. pathologic fracture
d. compound fracture

D

Which type of fracture is commonly seen in children?
a. greenstick fracture
b. comminuted fracture
c. simple fracture
d. stress fracture

A

Which type of fracture occurs because the bone is diseased or weakened?
a. stress fracture
b. pathologic fracture
c. spiral fracture
d. oblique fracture

B

In which type of fracture is the bone shattered?
a. greenstick fracture
b. Colles' fracture
c. comminuted fracture
d. pathologic fracture

C

Which disease is caused by a vitamin D deficiency?
a. osteoporosis
b. greenstick fracture
c. Paget's disease
d. rickets

D

_____is a decrease in bone mass that results in a thinning and weakening of the bone.
a. osteomalacia
b. exostosis
c. osteoporosis
d. Paget's disease

C

This condition is commonly called a ruptured disk.
a. herniated nucleus pulposus
b. ankylosing spondylitis
c. spina bifida
d. spondylolisthesis

A

An abnormal lateral curvature of the spine is called:
a. lordosis
b. exostosis
c. scholiosis
d. kyphosis
e.

C

Spina bifida is a congenital anomaly that affects which bone?
a. femur
b. hip
c. skull
d. vertebrae

D

_____is the forward sliding of a lumbar vertebra over the vertebra below it.
a. spina bifida
b. spondylolisthesis
c. spondylosis
d. talipes

B

Which of the following diagnostic procedures is used to detect osteoporosis?
a. dual energy absorptiometry
b. myelography
c. bone scan
d. arthrography

A

Which of the following diagnostic procedures is useful in identifying a herniated nucleus pulposus?
a. dual energy absorptiometry
b. myelography
c. bone scan
d. arthrography

B

Which surgical procedure relieves pressure on a compressed spinal nerve?
a. bunionectomy
b. arthroplasty
c. laminectomy
d. osteotomy

C

Which procedure examines the inside of a joint?
a. arthroplasty
b. arthrotomy
c. arthrocentesis
d. arthroscopy

D

Surgery performed to realign bone fragments is called a(n):
a. open reduction
b. external fixation
c. traction
d. internal fixation

A

Which of the following is a reason for performing an amputation?
a. incontrollable infection
b. crushing injury
c. tumor
d. all of the above

D

Which of the following conditions is commonly treated by bone reabsorption inhibitors?
a. Paget's disease
b. osteoporosis
c. osteoarthritis
d. a and b

D

Strong anti-inflammatory drugs like corticosteroids are used to treat which condition?
a. osteoarthritis
b. fractures
c. rheumatoid arthritis
d. osteoporosis

C

Which of the following abbreviations stands for a surgical procedure?
a. TKA
b. LE
c. RA
d. FX

A

Muscle wasting is the common term for:
a. adhesion
b. atrophy
c. spasm
d. dystonia

B

Which of the following is a sudden, involuntary, strong muscle contraction?
a. hyperkinesias
b. myopathy
c. dyskinesia
d. spasm

D

Intermittent claudication is:
a. severe neck spasms
b. wasting muscles
c. severe leg pain when walking very short distances
d. a type of muscular dystrophy

C

Which of the following conditions is caused by overuse and overstretching?
a. strain
b. muscular dystrophy
c. ganglion cyst
d. fibromyalgia

A

Which of the following abbreviations is a pathological condition?
a. IM
b. MD
c. CPK
d. ROM

B

Which of the following abbreviation is a diagnostic test?
a. IM
b. MD
c. CPK
d. ROM

C

Which of the following bones are the fingers?
a. tarsals
b. scapulae
c. metacarpals
d. phalanges

D

Which of the following bones is the shoulder blade?
a. scapulae
b. carpal
c. clavicle
d. fibula

A

Which of the following terms is misspelled?
a. mandibuler
b. humeral
c. femoral
d. clavicular

B

Which of the following terms is misspelled?
a. maxillary
b. coccygeal
c. metacarpal
d. thoracic

C

Which of the following involves obtaining fluid from a joint in order to examine it to make a diagnosis?
a. arthroscopy
b. arthroclasia
c. arthrotomy
d. arthrocentesis

D

Which term means abnormal tone?
a. atonia
b. dystonia
c. hypotonia
d. myotonia

B

Which term means an increase in muscle bulk?
a. hypertrophy
b. atrophy
c. hyperkinesias
d. myomegaly

A

Widespread aching and pain in the muscles and soft tissue is called:
a. carpal tunnel syndrome
b. fibromyalgia
c. repetitive motion disorder
d. polymyositis

B

Which of the following abbreviations is a record of the strength and quality of muscle contractions?
a. ROM
b. DTR
c. EEG
d. EMG

D

Which of the following type of muscle is found in the walls of hollow organs?
a. skeletal
b. voluntary
c. visceral
d. cardiac

C

Applying a pulling force on a fracture in order to restore normal alignment is called:
a. traction
b. fixation
c. fusion
d. arthroplasty

A

Which diagnostic image uses a radioactive dye to produce an image?
a. myelography
b. bone scan
c. arthroscopy
d. absorptiometry

B

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