Chapter 5, Multiple Choice

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Medical Terminology: A Living Language, 4/e

Which of the following organs is NOT part of the cardiovascular system?
a. artery
b. spleen
c. vein
d. capillary

B

Which of the following statements is true regarding the pulmonary circulation?
a. It carries oxygenated blood away from the heart.
b. It carries deoxygenated blood away from the heart.
c. It carries oxygenated blood away from the lungs.
d. It carries deoxygenated blood away from the lungs.

C

The aorta carries:
a. oxygenated blood to the body
b. oxygenated blood to the lungs
c. deoxygenated blood to the heart
d. deoxygenated blood to the lungs.

A

Which of the following statements regarding the heart is NOT true?
a. The heart has four chambers.
b. The heart is located in the mediastinum of the chest
c. The heart is composed of smooth muscle fibers.
d. The heart is a muscular pump

C

The lining of the heart is called the:
a. endocardium
b. epicardium
c. pericardium
d. myocardium

A

Which layer of the heart is responsible for contracting in order to pump blood?
a. endocardium
b. epicardium
c. pericardium
d. myocardium

D

Which of the following statements regarding the atria is NOT true?
a. Atria are the upper chambers
b. The two atria are separated by a septum
c. Atria pump blood out of the heart
d. Atria receive blood from the heart

C

Which of the following statements regarding the ventricles is NOT true?
a. Ventricles are the pumping chambers
b. Ventricles receive blood directly from the veins returning blood to the heart
c. Ventricles have a thick muscular wall
d. Ventricles pump blood into the great arteries

B

The mitral valve is also called the ____ valve.
a. bicuspid
b. aortic
c. pulmonary
d. tricuspid

A

Which of the following statements regarding heart valves is NOT true?
a. Atrioventricular valves are between an atrium and ventricle.
b. The tricuspid valve is an atrioventricular valve.
c. Semilunar valves are between a ventricle and an artery
d. The mitral valve is a semilunar valve

D

Which heart valve has two cusps?
a. mitral
b. aortic
c. tricuspid
d. pulmonary

A

Blood is returned to the right side of the heart by the:
a. aorta
b. vena cavae
c. pulmonary vein
d. pulmonary artery

B

Blood exits the left side of the heart into the:
a. aorta
b. vena cavae
c. pulmonary vein
d. pulmonary artery

A

The pulmonary artery:
a. carries blood away from the heart
b. carries blood away from the lungs
c. carries blood to the body
d. carries to the ventricles

A

The largest artery in the body is the:
a. vena cavae
b. pulmonary artery
c. aorta
d. none of the above

C

Which of the following statements regarding blood flow through the heart is NOT true?
a. The relaxation phase is called diastole
b. The left atrium receives oxygenated blood from the lungs
c. The right ventricle receives blood from the right atrium
d. The left ventricle pumps blood to the lungs

D

Which of the following is also known as the pacemaker of the heart?
a. atrioventricular
b. Purkinje fibers
c. atrioventricular bundle
d. sinoatrial node

D

Which of the following statements regarding the conduction system of the heart is NOT true?
a. The AV node stimulates the SA node
b. The conduction system stimulates the different chambers of the heart in the correct order
c. Purkinje fibers stimulate the ventricular myocardium
d. The heart rate is regulated by the autonomic nervous system

A

Which structure of the conduction system was formerly called the bundle of His?
a. bundle branches
b. atrioventricular bundle
c. atrioventricular node
d. atrioventricular septum

B

The narrowest blood vessels are called:
a. arteries
b. veins
c. capillaries
d. venules

C

The smallest arteries are called:
a. arteriules
b. capillaries
c. arteriums
d. arterioles

D

The heart receives its blood supply from the:
a. coronary arteries
b. coronary sinus
c. aorta
d. ventricles

A

Which blood vessels have the thickest smooth muscle wall?
a. capillaries
b. arteries
c. veins
d. venules

B

Which artery carries deoxygenated blood to the lungs?
a. systemic
b. aortic
c. lungs
d. capillary bed

C

The diffusion of oxygen and nutrients from the blood into the body tissues occurs in the:
a. heart
b. aorta
c. lungs
d. capillary bed

D

Which of the following statements regarding blood pressure is NOT true?
a. Blood pressure is highest when the heart is relaxed
b. It is the measurement of the force exerted by blood against the wall of the blood vessel
c. The diastolic pressure is the lowest point
d. Blood pressure is affected by the diameter of the blood vessels

A

Which combing form means chest?
a. angi/o
b. steth/o
c. phleb/o
d. sphygm/o

B

Which term means pertaining to between the atria?
a. intratrial
b. interarterial
c. interatrial
d. transatrial

C

Which term means hardened artery?
a. arteriosclerosis
b. arteriostenosis
c. angiosclerosis
d. artherosclerosis

A

Which terms means enlarged heart?
a. cardiorrhexis
b. cardiostenosis
c. cardiosclerosis
d. cardiomegaly

B

Which combining form is for a structure NOT found inside the heart?
a. atri/o
b. phleb/o
c. valvul/o
d. ventricul/o

B

A heart specialist would be called a:
a. cardiologist
b. phlebotomist
c. coronologist
d. hemangiologist

A

Which term means high pressure?
a. hypermanometer
b. hypotension
c. hypertension
d. supratension

C

Which terms means process of recording a vessel?
a. angiogram
b. arteriography
c. hemangiography
d. angiography

D

Which term means listening to the sounds within the body?
a. stethoscope
b. auscultation
c. bruit
d. murmur

B

Which of the following terms means pounding, racing heartbeats?
a. palpitations
b. bruit
c. murmur
d. plaque

A

Which term means a yellow fatty deposit of lipids in an artery?
a. perfusion
b. bruit
c. plaque
d. stent

C

Which of the following terms means to flow backwards?
a. infarct
b. regurgitation
c. stent
d. palpitation

B

Which term is misspelled?
a. angioplasty
b. arteriorrhexis
c. bradycardia
d. valvulitis

A

Which term is misspelled?
a. atherosclerosis
b. myocardial
c. phleboitis
d. interventricular

C

Which term is misspelled?
a. plaque
b. palpitation
c. stethoscope
d. murmer

D

Which term is misspelled?
a. infarction
b. fribillation
c. coarctation
d. hemorrhoid

B

Which abbreviation is an arrhythmia?
a. MR
b. ECC
c. Vfib
d. MI

C

Which abbreviation stands for high blood pressure?
a. CSD
b. HDL
c. BP
d. HTN

D

Which term means fast heart beat?
a. fibrillation
b. tachycardia
c. hypercardia
d. bradycardia

B

Streptokinase and tissue type plasminogen activator are used for:
a. hypertension
b. defibrillation
c. open heart surgery
d. thrombolytic therapy

D

What is the name of the steel tube placed within a blood vessel?
a. bruit
b. stent
c. plaque
d. cardoverter

B

The complete stopping of heart activity is called:
a. cardiac arrest
b. fibrillation
c. bundle branch block
d. angina pectoris

A

Which condition is the severe chest pain associated with myocardial ischemia?
a. congestive heart failure
b. myocardial infarction
c. angina pectoris
d. coronary artery disease

C

In which condition is the heart muscle too weak to pump efficiently?
a. heart valve prolapsed
b. congestive heart failure
c. myocarditis
d. endocarditis

B

In bacterial endocarditis, the mass of bacteria that forms is referred to as:
a. hemangioma
b. bruit
c. pyoma
d. vegetation

D

Fibrillation means that:
a. the heart beat is dangerously irregular
b. the heart is beating too fast
c. the heart has stopped beating
d. the heart has suffered a heart attack

A

In which of the following conditions is a heart valve too loose?
a. valvorrhexis
b. valve prolaspse
c. valvulitis
d. valve stenosis

B

Valve stenosis means the valve is:
a. too large
b. too loose
c. too small
d. too stiff

D

The most common form of arteriosclerosis is:
a. polyarteritis
b. pericarditis
c. atherosclerosis
d. atheroma

C

Which of the following is a floating clot that has broken off a clot somewhere else in the body?
a. embolus
b. thrombophlebitis
c. hemangioma
d. thrombus

A

Which of the following conditions is NOT a congenital anomaly?
a. coarctation of the aorta
b. patent ductus arteriosus
c. aneurysm
d. tetralogy of Fallot

C

A weakened and ballooned artery is called a(n):
a. arteriosclerosis
b. aneurysm
c. varicosity
d. atherosclerosis

B

60. Varicose veins in the anal region are called:
a. hemorrhoids
b. varicosities
c. hemangioma
d. aneurysm

A

Which of the following conditions is caused by inflamed veins causing the formation of blood clots within the vein?
a. hemangioma
b. varicose veins
c. polyarteritis
d. thombophlebitis

D

Which of the following conditions is periodic ischemic attacks affecting the extremities of the body?
a. Raynaud's phenomenon
b. patent ductus arteriosus
c. thrombos
d. varicose veins

A

Which of the following diagnostic procedures is a blood test?
a. Holter monitor
b. cardiac enzymes
c. cardiac scan
d. venography

B

Which of the following diagnostic procedures measures cardiac fitness?
a. cardiac enzymes
b. serum lipoprotein test
c. stress test
d. coronary angiography

C

Which of the following diagnostic procedures is able to visualize internal cardiac structures?
a. cardiac scan
b. coronary angiography
c. electrocardiography
d. echocardiography

D

Which surgical procedure uses a blood vessel obtained from another part of the body?
a. coronary artery bypass graft
b. arterial anastomosis
c. aneurysmectomy
d. intracoronary artery stent

A

Which procedure uses a heart long machine?
a. cardiopulmonary resuscitation
b. Holter monitor
c. extracorporeal circulation
d. stress testing

C

Which therapeutic device is used to treat ventricular fibrillation?
a. pericardiocentesis
b. implantable cardioverter
c. extracorporeal circulation
d. pacemaker

B

Which surgical procedure removes the damaged inner lining of an arter?
a. endarterectomy
b. arterial anastomosis
c. ligation and stripping
d. embolectomy

A

Which surgical procedure is used to treat varicose veins?
a. stent placement
b. embolectomy
c. ligation and stripping
d. aneurysmectomy

C

Which surgical procedure would be used to join together two arteries?
a. bypass graft
b. anastomosis
c. endarterectomy
d. arterial stent

B

Which medication increases the force of cardiac muscle contractions?
a. diuretics
b. antiarrhythmics
c. beta blockers
d. cardiotonic

D

Which of the following medications does NOT treat hypertension?
a. ACE inhibitors
b. calcium channel blockers
c. vasoconstrictors
d. beta blockers

C

Which of the following abbreviations stands for a heart attack?
a. HTN
b. MI
c. CAD
d. PVD

B

Which of the following abbreviations stands for a surgical procedure?
a. CABG
b. MI
c. CHF
d. HTN

A

The circulatory system transports wastes to all the following organs except:
a. kidney
b. lung
c. liver
d. rectum

D

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