Anthropology 100

45 terms by eb888 

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Horticulture

domesticated plant production

Enculturaltion

learning culture from own people

Ethnocentrism

belief that own culture is better than other's culture

Polygamy

multiple partners

polyandry

woman with multiple husbands

polygyny

man with multiple wives

Patrilineal Descent

kinship through father's family

Matrilineal Descent

kinship through mother's family

Rites of Passage

ritual marking a social status of a person

anthropology

study of human culture

cultural anthropology

unique factors make up a particular culture

linguistic anthropology

languages and communication in a culture

biological/physical anthropology

human body and physiology

archeology

studying the planet from items left by the past

holistic approach

interest in all aspects of all cultures

theme 1

culture impacts human behavior

theme 2

culture is an integrated system

Theme 3

cultures are adaptive systems

intangible

not defined

passed on through symbols

speech and writing

selectively borrowed

taking aspects from other countries

cultural relativism

the belief that all cultures are equally important

acculturation

learning culture of others either forcefully or by choice

assimilation

absorption of other cultures

culture

set of ideas about how groups set up their lives

society

way in which cultural ideas are played out

pluralistic/multicultural societies

many different ethnic groups coexisting

emic

native person's viewpoint

etic

observer's viewpoint

culture shock

person experiencing a setting in which practices are radically different from their own

reverse shock

upon returning to own culture discovering oddities

ethical considerations

attention to cause and effect of cultural change

ethos

core cultural ideas or values

1st stage of rite of passage

seperation

2nd stage of rite of passage

transition

3rd stage of rite of passage

reincorportaion

foraging

hunting and gathering for food

pastoralism

raising herds of animals for food and clothing

agriculture

domesticated plant production using modern tools

industrialism

mechanical and chemical technology

culture-ecology

restraints environment put on groups and their reactions to the restraints

Father of AMERICAN Anthropology

Franz Boas

Bronislaw Malinowski's famous study

Trobriand Islanders

Father of Anthropology

Edward Tylor

first anthropologists

armchair scholars

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