Language Science Unit 3

Created by svogt08 

Upgrade to
remove ads

41 terms

speed readers

simlar lengths of fixations & tunnel vision. Make few & more strategic fixations. Rely on background info. Good at gist; poor at details

Dual Route Theory for word recognition/ memory

visual (direct) route & phonetic (indirect) route

Visual (direct) route

read based on spelling patterns. aka "orthographuc processing." repeated exposure causes storage in memory

phonetic (indirect) route

recognize on basis of sound letter correspondence

connetionist model

1 route to word memory. word recognition is based on association b/w letters, letter sequences & meaning

Oral Language

lexically sparse; elliptical sentences; less coherent; contextualized

Written Language

lexically dense; high clausal density; well organized

Proposition

basic unit of meaning involving relationship b/w words. A way to narrow down meaning

Cohesion

grammatical & lexical links that tie propositions together w/in a text

Types of Cohesion

lexical, referential, substitution; conjunction

Lexical Cohesion

same word, synonym, superordinate term

Referential Cohesion

personal & demonstrative pronoun, definite article

Substitution Cohesion

Verb & noun

Conjunction Cohesion

Result

Schema

organized body of knowledge associated w/ a particular subject matter

3 Levels of Comprehension

text; text base; situation model

Text Base

taking propositions & forming some level of meaning. Proposition structure- link propositions together

Situational Model

take all knowledge, past experiences, vocab & form mental pictures in mind

Pragmatics

a set of rules related to language use w/in communicative context

Pragmatics used in 3 major communication skills

1) using language 4 different purposes 2) changing language according to needs of listener/ situation. 3) following rules for conversations

Gricean Maxims

quantity; quality; manner; relation/ relevance

quantity

say the right amount of info. not too much but not too little

quality

don't lie. don't make unsupported claims

manner

brief & orderly. no ambiguity

relation/ relevance

contributions relevant to subject of conversation

CT

x rays

MRI

magnetic field aligns poles of cells body nuclei

PET

radioisotopes are injected/ inhaled

fMRI

magnetic field. measures deoxygenated & oxygenated blood

MEG

high temporal resolution, real time waveforms. sensor helmet

Broca's aphasia

agrammatical speech (telegraphic)- expressive aphasia. no full sentences, short words, long pauses, few tense markers, function words missing

Wernicke's Aphasia

paragrammatical speech: fluent but lacks content (receptive aphsia); comprehension impaired

dementia

language disorders that results from progressive diffuse brain damage

right hemisphere communication disorders

result from injury to non dominant hemisphere may co occur w/ aphasia. marked by differences w/ pragmatics & abstract language

learning disability

category of disorders, CNS dysfunction, specific learning problem

Dyslexia

characterized by differences w/ accurate &/or fluent word recognition & by poor spelling & decoding abilities. Poor word recognition but good listening comprehension

specific comprehension deficit

language deficits in vocabulary, grammar, text level processing. good word recognition but poor listening comprehension

response to intervention

comprehensive approach for early ID & prevention of RD. involves a multi tiered process for ID & treatment

RTI Tier 1

general education universal screening of all students

RTI Tier 2

targeted interventions

RTI Tier 3

individual instruction. then special education if that doesn't work

Please allow access to your computer’s microphone to use Voice Recording.

Having trouble? Click here for help.

We can’t access your microphone!

Click the icon above to update your browser permissions above and try again

Example:

Reload the page to try again!

Reload

Press Cmd-0 to reset your zoom

Press Ctrl-0 to reset your zoom

It looks like your browser might be zoomed in or out. Your browser needs to be zoomed to a normal size to record audio.

Please upgrade Flash or install Chrome
to use Voice Recording.

For more help, see our troubleshooting page.

Your microphone is muted

For help fixing this issue, see this FAQ.

NEW! Voice Recording

Click the mic to start.

Create Set