quiz 6

Created by redkey 

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Aggressive ambulance driving may have a negative effect on other motorists because:

-it may not allow for their reaction time to respond to your vehicle.

The six-pointed Star of Life emblem identifies vehicles that:

-meet federal specifications as licensed or certified ambulances.

Phases of an ambulance call include all of the following activities, EXCEPT:

-emergency care provided at the scene.

When being tailgated by another vehicle while responding to an emergency call, you should:

-slow down and allow the driver to pass you.

Minimum staffing in the patient compartment of a basic life support (BLS) ambulance includes:

-at least one EMT.

If you properly assess and stabilize a patient at the scene, driving to the hospital with excessive speed:

-will decrease the driver's reaction time.

For every emergency request, the dispatcher should routinely gather and record all of the following information, EXCEPT the:

-patient's medical history.

Typically medivac helicopters fly between:

-130 and 150 mph.

Your unit and a fire department vehicle are responding to the scene of a patient in cardiac arrest. As you approach an intersection that is highly congested, you should:

-use a different siren tone than the fire department vehicle.

Hydroplaning of the ambulance on wet roads would MOST likely occur at speed of greater _______mph.

-30

Upon returning to your station following a run, you should disinfect the ambulance as needed. Disinfection is MOST accurately defined as:

-killing pathogenic agents with a chemical made for that purpose.

Which of the following is an example of regional equipment or supplies?

-snake bite kit

A type ________ ambulance features a conventional, truck cab-chassis with a modular ambulance body that can be transferred to a newer chassis as needed.

-I

When transporting a patient who is secured to a backboard, it is important to:

-place deceleration straps over the patient's shoulders.

Regardless of where portable and mounted oxygen cylinders are stored in the ambulance, they must:

-be capable of delivering oxygen at 1 to 15 L/min.

While using lights and siren, most state laws permit an ambulance to:

-carefully exceed the posted speed limit.

In general, medivac helicopters should be utilized when:

-a patient has a time-dependent injury or illness and traffic conditions would cause a significant delay in definitive care.

When parking your ambulance at the scene of a motor vehicle crash, you should position the ambulance:

-100' past the scene on the same side of the road.

During the transport phase of an ambulance call, it is MOST important to:

-converse with the patient and provide reassurance.

You are en route to an emergency call when you approach a slow-moving vehicle on a two-way road. You can see oncoming traffic in the other lane. The driver has his windows up and does not realize that you are behind him. You should:

-remain at a safe distance until it is safe to pass.

The process of removing dirt, dust, blood, or other visible contaminant from a surface or equipment is called:

-cleaning.

Maintaining a cushion of safety when operating an ambulance means:

-keeping a safe distance between your ambulance and the vehicle in front of you and remaining aware of vehicles potentially hiding in your mirror's blind spots.

When approaching a helicopter, whether the rotor blades are moving or not, you should:

-never duck under the body or the tail boom because the pilot cannot see you in these areas.

Common safety equipment carried on the ambulance includes all of the following, EXCEPT:

-hazardous materials gear.

Which of the following statements regarding the use of the warning lights and siren on the ambulance is correct?

-If it is necessary to use the siren, you should tell the patient beforehand.

Characteristics of a safe ambulance operator include:

-a positive attitude about the ability to tolerate other drivers.

A disposable oxygen humidifier should be considered for ambulance services that often transport patients on runs longer than:

-1 hour.

The main objective of traffic control at the scene of a motor vehicle crash is to:

-warn oncoming traffic and prevent another crash.

After primary triage, the triage supervisor should communicate all of the following information to the medical branch officer, EXCEPT:

B. the recommended transport destination for each patient.

At a very large incident, the __________ section is responsible for managing the tactical operations usually handled by the IC on routine EMS calls.

operations

Which of the following questions is of LEAST pertinence when the EMT is determining whether or not to declare a mass-casualty incident and activate the ICS?

D. How many paramedics are able to respond to the scene and provide advanced care?

Which of the following statements regarding the unified command system is correct?

Under the unified command system, plans are drawn up in advance by all cooperating agencies that assume a shared responsibility for decision making.

The reference used as a base for your initial actions at a HazMat incident is/are:

the Emergency Response Guidebook.

The process of removing or neutralizing and properly disposing of a hazardous material is called:

decontamination.

A patient in respiratory arrest at the scene of a mass-casualty incident would typically be classified as a fourth priority (black tag; expectant) patient, unless:

. there are enough resources to provide care for him or her.

The FIRST step in the START triage system is to:

. move all walking patients to a designated area.

According to the JumpSTART triage system, if a pediatric patient has a respiratory rate of 40 breaths/min, you should:

assess for a distal pulse.

A supervisor who has more than seven people reporting to him or her:

. has exceeded an effective span of control and should divide tasks and delegate the supervision of some tasks to another person.

A 49-year-old man has been removed from his overturned tanker, which was carrying a hazardous material. The tank ruptured and he was exposed to the material. When rescue personnel bring him to the decontamination area, they note that he is unconscious and has slow, shallow breathing. They should:

cut away all of the patient's clothing and do a rapid rinse to remove as much of the contaminating matter as they can.

When a rehabilitation area is established at the scene of a mass-casualty incident, it should:

be in a location that prevents visualization of the scene itself.

Which of the following is NOT a role of the EMT at the scene of a HazMat incident?

decontamination

The __________ area is where incoming ambulances meet and await further instructions at the scene of a mass-casualty incident.

staging

Which of the following statements regarding hazardous materials is correct?

Some substances are not hazardous by themselves, but become toxic when mixed with another chemical.

Which of your senses can be safely used to identify a HazMat incident?

sight and sound

You are approaching an overturned tanker truck to assess the driver, who appears to be unconscious. As you get closer to the vehicle, you note the smell of noxious fumes and find that you are in the midst of a vapor cloud. What should you do?

Exit the area immediately and gather information for the HazMat team.

Your work uniform is an example of what level of protection?

Level D protection

If an incident increases in scope and complexity, the IC should consider:

. relinquishing command to someone with more experience.

You are triaging patients at the scene of a multiple vehicle crash when you encounter a young male who is unresponsive and is not breathing. After you open his airway, he begins to breathe at a rapid rate. According to the START triage system, you should:

tag him as immediate (red), place him in the recovery position, and move to the next patient.
Incorrect

The JumpSTART triage system is intended to be used for children younger than _____ years or who appear to weigh less than _____.

A. 8, 100 lb

A critical function of the safety officer is to:

stop an emergency operation whenever a rescuer is in danger.

According to the START triage system, what should you do if you encounter an unresponsive patient who is not breathing?

Open the airway and reassess breathing status.

General principles for approaching a potential HazMat incident include:

A. maintaining a safe distance and viewing the scene with binoculars.

Which of the following duties or responsibilities does NOT fall within the realm of the medical branch of the ICS?

extrication

During a motor vehicle collision involving multiple patients, the IC would MOST likely:

designate a safety officer, but retain other command functions.

As a triage supervisor, you:

must not begin treatment until all patients have been triaged.

Which of the following MOST accurately describes a mass-casualty incident?

an incident that greatly taxes or depletes a system's available resources
Incorrect

Interoperability, an important feature of the NIMS, refers to the ability of:

agencies of different types or from different jurisdictions to communicate with each other.

Unlike a mass-casualty incident, a natural disaster:

A. often requires personnel to remain on scene for several days.

Command functions under the ICS include all of the following, EXCEPT:

triage officer.

ions under the ICS include all of the following

safety officer.
public information officer
liaison officer.

You and your partner are the first to arrive at the scene of a motor vehicle accident. As you approach the scene, you can see multiple patients, some walking and others who are still in their vehicles. You should:

declare a mass-casualty incident and request additional resources.

According to the JumpSTART triage system, infants or children not developed enough to walk or follow commands, including children with special needs:

should be taken to the treatment area for immediate secondary triage.

In preparing for a disaster, EMS systems should have enough supplies for at least a ______ period of self-sufficiency.

72-hour

Placards and labels on a storage container are intended to:

give a general idea of the hazard inside that particular container.

The skin lesions associated with smallpox:

. are identical in their development.

Which of the following statements regarding the persistency and volatility of a chemical agent is correct?

. VX, a highly persistent nerve agent, can remain in the environment for weeks to months.

As you and your partner report for duty, you check your ambulance and begin talking about the possibility of a terrorist attack. The MOST effective and appropriate way to determine the likelihood of this happening is to:

know the current threat level issued by the Department of Homeland Security.

Pulmonary hemorrhage and inner ear damage are examples of __________ blast injuries.

primary

A disease vector is defined as:

any agent that acts as a carrier or transporter.

Cross-contamination occurs when:

an EMT is exposed to a victim who has not yet been decontaminated.

Viral hemorrhagic fevers (VHF), such as Ebola, cause the blood to:

seep out of the blood vessels and tissues.

Botulinum is:

a potent bacterial neurotoxin.

Unlike bacterial agents, viral agents:

are usually not treatable.

All of the following are vesicant agents, EXCEPT:

sarin

The LEAST harmful form of ionizing radiation is:

alpha

According to the Department of Homeland Security Security Advisory System, the color orange indicates a _______ risk of terrorist attacks.

high

Which of the following terrorist groups poses the LEAST threat to a person's physical safety?

technology terrorists

An attack on an abortion clinic would MOST likely be carried out by a:

single-issue group.

In determining the potential for a terrorist attack, you should routinely observe all of the following on every call, EXCEPT:

weather conditions

The Centennial Park bombing during the 1996 Summer Olympics is an example of:

domestic terrorism.

Most terrorist attacks:

require multiple terrorists working together.

Nerve agents, a class of chemicals called organophosphates, were first discovered while in search of a superior:

pesticide.

A severe risk of terrorist attacks is indicated by the color _____ by the Department of Homeland Security Security Advisory System.

red

A 52-year-old male presents with a fever of 102.5°F and a severe headache. As you assess him, you note the presence of multiple blisters on his face and chest, which are all identical in shape and size. This patient's clinical presentation is MOST consistent with:

smallpox.

Exposure to _________ would MOST likely result in immediate respiratory distress.

chlorine

Most cases of anthrax begin with:

flulike symptoms.

You are dispatched to the scene of a building explosion. Upon arrival, you see people frantically fleeing the building, screaming, "Everyone is passing out!" You should:

carefully assess the situation and ensure your own safety.

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