A comment made by a character, but other characters cannot hear. Ex. When Biondello said "...I'll see the church a' your back, and then come back to my master's as soon as I can" (5.1.4-5).
Playful, teasing conversation. Ex. Towards the end of act five, the widow and Katherine are debating (5.2.29-31).
Unrhymed, iambic pentameter. Ex. When Bianca told Baptista that Cambio had changed to Lucentio.
Commedia dell' arte
Traditional Italian comedy of the Renaissance improvised (no script) with standard plots and stock characters. Ex. Taming of the Shrew by William Shakespeare (How is this Commedia dell' arte?)
Two line stanza. (Two lines that rhyme) Ex. In the end, Katherine gives the monologue "... in token of which duty, if he please,/ My hand is ready, may it do him ease" (5.2.194-195)
A broad comedy featuring simple plots stereotype characters and slapstick. Ex. [The play is idealistic, it does not happened in real life situations.]
Descriptive language in metaphor which appeals to the five senses. Ex. Tranio had said "Lucentio slipped me his greyground,/Which runs himseld and catches for his master" (5.2.54-55).
Vivid expression of anger. Ex. Kate talking to Baptista how bad Petruchio was.
Word order is arranged differently from expected. Ex. Petruchio told Katherine they are leaving, by saying "Is not this well?" (5.2.155).
Figure of speech in which what is said is opposite of what the speaker means. Ex. When Petruchio first meet Katherine, Katherine disliked him and told his father that he "is" a good father.
The outcome turns out to be very different from what was expected. Ex. When Petruchio and other men are betting their wives, later Petruchio wins, because Katherine's appearance comes out unexpectedly.
The audience know something but that one or more characters do not know. Ex. When the merchant is arguing with Petruchio, the merchant said "... I believe he means to cozen somebody in this city under my countenance" (5.1.34-35)
A stock character from Commedia dell' arte. Ex, Gremio.
Not poetry. Ex. From the biginning, Sly speaks when he thinks he's himeself, but in poetry he thinks he's a gentlemen .
A play on words, in which a word with two meaning is used in a sentence, and both meanings make sense. Ex. When Katherine and the Widow are debating on the word "mean".
A kind of action with a lot of violence, but no one actually gets hurt. Ex.The time Grumio and Petruchio's miscommunication about knocking on Hortensio's door results in Grumio getting beat down by Petruchio.
A long speech, in which a character is alone on stage, it's different from a monologue. Ex. In the end, Katherine being command by Petruchio to give other wives a lecture.
Types of comedy
Banter--> puns ; 3 kinds of ironies = Verbal, situational, dramatic. ; Farce; Slapstick ; Character.
Humorous comments, clever banter. Ex. the banter between Petruchio and Kate.
Plot developments. Ex. When Sly begins to believe he really is a Lord.
Foolish person with consistent characteristics. Ex.Grumio.