AP Music Theory Review Chp 16

28 terms by jseys 

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Visual score analysis

pair of phrases

period

beginning of the melody is the same in both phrases

parallel period

beginning of the melody is different in each phrase

contrasting period

aaba

song form

first A section ends with an authentic cadence in the original key

sectional binary

first A section does not end with an authentic cadence in the original key

continuous binary

AAAA

strophic form

new music for each stanza

through-composed form

AB(1/2A)

rounded binary

exposition -1theme tonic, 2theme dominant/relative major); development;recapitulation (restate exposition)

sonata-allegro form

principal theme alternating with one of more contrasting themes (episodes or digressions) (ABACA, ABACABA, ABCBA)

rondo form

repeating bass theme

basso ostinato

theme and variation with a basso ostinato

passacaglia/chaconne

writing distinct musical lines that sound harmonious when together

counterpoint

one melody line with no harmony or counterpoint, may have one line of rhythmic accompaniment

monophonic

one clearly melodic line with accompaniment or other voices to fill in the chords (other parts are not independent bc either (1) same rhythm as melody (2) purpose to fill chords) (ex. choral music with same rhythms)

homophony

every voice moving together with nearly the same rhythm

chordal homophony

short melodic, rhythmic, or harmonic pattern repeated throughout composition

ostinato

broken chords

alberti bass

one melodic line, not limited to chords moving together

melody with accompaniment (sometimes a form of homophony)

type of jazz with syncopated rhythms

ragtime

more than one independent melody at the same time (ex. fugues)

polyphony

theme introduced in one voice and imitated by other voices in succession at different pitch levels

fugal imitation (not only for use in fugues)

one melody, different variations being played at the same time

heterophony

solo with an entire section

soli

general range of a composition

tessitura

actual notes as played by piano

concert pitch

the letter in the name; Bb

Read a C, sound ______. Ex. Bb instruments see and play their C and it sounds like ____.

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