JUDAISM

51 terms by madvillainy 

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Which empire destroyed the first temple of Jerusalem in 586 B.C.E.?

Babylonian

Only Reform Judaism allows women to become Rabbis

False

The USA has more Jews than any other single country

True

Which of the following is not true about the Jewish expectations concerning the Messiah?

He will be a great spiritual teacher, a divine being, a savior redeeming humanity from sin

Assimilation

Jews absorbing themselves into the larger culture

Diaspora

Jews living outside the land of Israel, dispersed throughout the world

Halakhah

Jewish religious law

Kabbalah

Jewish mysticism

Matzah

unlevened bread eaten during Passover

Mitzvot

good deeds, observing the commandments

Seder

the ritual meal for the observance of Passover

Tikkun Olam

"Repairing the World"

Tzaddakah

charity, righteousness

Zohar

the book of splendor - a mystical interpretation of Torah

Jews do not believe in original sin

True

Which of the following modern branches of Judaism is the most observant of Jewish law?

Orthodox

The Jewish ceremony known as Bris is...

the birth ceremony of circumcision

Where is the "Promised Land"?

Israel

The Jewish holy day when sins are confessed communally, forgiveness is asked and prayers are offered for reconciliation with God

Yom Kippur

19th century BCE

Abraham lives

13th century BCE

Moses leads Hebrews on Exodus from slavery in Egypt

586 - 538 BCE

Babylonian Exile

70 CE

Romans destroy the second temple

135 CE

Romans expel Jews from the Holy Land

2nd - 7th century CE

Rabbinic period when the Oral Law is written down as Talmud

1492

Jews expelled from Spain

18th century CE

Development of Hasidism

19th century CE

Development of Reform Judaism

1948

Modern state of Israel established

Which group of ancient Jews was focused on Temple rites performed by Priests?

Sadducees

The majority of Jews today live in Israel

False

Chanukah

Rededication of the Temple in 165 BCE following victory over the Greeks

Passover

Exodus from Egypt around 1290 BCE

Purim

Thwarting of an ancient Persian plot to destroy the Jews

Shavuot

Receiving Torah from God on Sinai

Yom HaShoah

Remembrance of the six million Jews killed in the Holocaust

Which number comes closest to the approximate Jewish population in the world today?

15 million

The term "covenant" means...

promise

The Hebrew Bible is the same thing as the Old Testament

True

_____ built the first Temple of Jerusalem.

Solomon

Who of the following was not one of the "Patriarchs" of the Jewish religion?

Moses

Which of the following is not part of the Hebrew Bible?

The New Testament

__________ led the Israelites out of slavery in ancient Egypt and received the Torah on Mt. Sinai.

Moses

Which of the following does not refer to the Jewish people?

Gentiles

Which of the following is not true of the Talmud?

It is the mystical text of Judaism

Which of the following statements is not true about the Torah?

It was destroyed with the Temple in the year 70 CE

The Jewish Sabbath begins at...

sundown Friday

Only Rabbis can read from the Torah

False

The name Israel originates in the Biblical story wherein God renamed Jacob

True

The Jewish ceremony known as Bar Mitzvah is..

a coming of age ceremony

The High Holidays refers to the eight days of Passover

False

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