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The Crusades

several relgious wars launched by the Christians

Pope Urban II

pope that called bishops to a council in France and encouraged Christians to fight against the Muslims

Saladin

Muslim general who recaptured Jerusalem and won the 3rd Crusade against Richard the Lion-Hearted

Richard the Lion hearted

Lost the 3rd Crusade to Saladin

heresy

beliefs contrary to the official teaching

inquisitions

special courts that fought heresy

Friars

members of Dominic and Francis's orders that focused on teaching and preaching

Hundred Years War

war fought from 1337-1453 between England and France when Edward III invaded France after he lost the title of king to Phillip VI

Joan of Arc

pesant girl sent by God to go lead the French to win the War of the Roses

King Henry VII

Member of the Tudor family who was chosen to become the new king of Enlgand who ended the War of the Roses

Black Death

Plague that broke out in Europe in the mid 1300's that killled 1/3 of Europe's population. Symptoms of this disease included black splotching on the skin

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