History Final 2

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Chapter 14 P2

White Southerners' derogatory term for fellow whites considered traitors to their region and race for joining the Republican Party and cooperating with Reconstruction policy

Scalawag

Relief agency for the war-ravaged South created by Congress in March 1865. It provided emergency services, built schools, and managed confiscated lands

Freedmen's Bureau

Constitutional amendment passed by Congress in 1869 providing an explicit constitutional guarantee for black suffrage

Fifteenth Amendment

In the early years of Reconstruction, the majority of teachers who educated Southern freedmen were

white women from the North

Churches became the center of African-American life for all of the following reasons EXCEPT that

they were a place to socialize with whites

One of the immediate goals of African American colleges was

to train teachers in order to encourage literacy among African Americans

In what way did the Mississippi plantations owned by Confederate President Jefferson Davis and his brother Joseph become a model?

Former slaves ran the plantations autonomously

The Redeemers portrayed themselves as

the saviors of the South from the injustices of Republican rule

In 1867, Republicans in Congress passed the Tenure of Office Act in an attempt to

Weaken the powers of the president.

The organization known as the Freedmen's Bureau was established as

an all-purpose relief agency for the South

Why did freedmen assert that they were owed land?

They saw Southern property as the product of both their and their ancestors' unpaid labor

Why was the Fifteenth Amendment not as effective as it could have been in the enfranchisement of African Americans?

The amendment stated that suffrage could not be denied or abridged because of certain conditions, so Southerners found other reasons to deny African Americans the right to vote.

The corruption scandal related to government-subsidized railroads was known as

the Credit Mobilier scandal

The term "Jim Crow" referred to

The Southern system of segregation and black disenfranchisement

Founded in 1871, Birmingham, Alabama soon became a leading producer of

iron and steel

To inspire newly freed slaves, a Boston Christian organization published the autobiography of

Phillis Wheatley

Why were white Southerners derisive toward scalawags?

They believed scalawags to be traitors to the white race

Who were carpetbaggers?

Northerners who moved south after the Civil War

The Black Codes included all of the following EXCEPT

laws preventing blacks from accepting apprenticeships

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