right or rights belonging to a person by reason of citizenship including especially the fundamental freedoms and privileges guaranteed by the 13th and 14th amendments and subsequent acts of Congress including the right to legal and social and economic equ
Civil Rights Act of 1964
This act made racial, religious, and sex discrimination by employers illegal and gave the government the power to enforce all laws governing civil rights, including desegregation of schools and public places.
Civil Rights Movement
movement in the United States beginning in the 1960s and led primarily by Blacks in an effort to establish the civil rights of individual Black citizens
de facto segragation
physical seperation based on informal norms
de jure segragation
physical separation of a minority group from the dominant group based on laws
to end the seperation of races
unfair treatment of a person or group on the basis of prejudice
made "all persons born or naturalized in the United States" citizens of the country
Martin Luther King Jr.
U.S. Baptist minister and civil rights leader. A noted orator, he opposed discrimination against blacks by organizing nonviolent resistance and peaceful mass demonstrations. He was assassinated in Memphis, Tennessee. Nobel Peace Prize (1964)
National Association for the Advancement of Colored People
Plessy v. Ferguson (1896)
Seperate but equal facilities based upon race is constitutional
a partiality that prevents objective consideration of an issue or situation
the different treatment of two different groups of people must be reasonable and not arbitrary
Using race or sex to give preferential treatment to some people.
Roe v. Wade (1973)
Abortion rights fall within the privacy implied in the 14th amendment
The process by which provisions of the Bill of Rights are brought within the scope of the Fourteenth Amendment and so applied to state and local governments.
Jim Crow Laws
Limited rights of blacks. Literacy tests, grandfather clauses and poll taxes limited black voting rights
Swann v. Charlott-Mecklenburg Board of Education
Voting Rights Act of 1965
1965; invalidated the use of any test or device to deny the vote and authorized federal examiners to register voters in states that had disenfranchised blacks; as more blacks became politically active and elected black representatives, it rboguth jobs, contracts, and facilities and services for the black community, encouraging greater social equality and decreasing the wealth and education gap
the action of incorporating a racial or religious group into a community