Geography: its nature and perspective

41 terms by goshjosh

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5 themes of geography

location, place, movement, human environment interactions, regions

Region

A place that has a common characteristic throughout

Human Environment Interactions

How humans interact with the environment

Movement

Going from one place to another

Place

Human/Physical characteristics of an area

Location

Where things are

Formal Region

An area in which everyone shares in one or more distinctive characteristics

Functional Region

A area with common characteristics, but not everything fits into those common characteristics

Vernacular Region (perseptual region)

Peoples' perception of a region

Spatial analysis

Study of where things are and why

Site

Physical characteristics

Situation

Where a place is in relation to other places

Distribution

the spatial property of being scattered about over an area or volume

Spatial Distribution

Where things are distributed in an area

Connectivity

Relationship between people/objects

Regional Studies Approach

Studying one area of the world

Topical Studies Approach

Studying the world as a whole

Diffusion

the act of dispersing or diffusing something

Hierarchal Diffusion

The spread of something through persons of power (like the fasion industry)

Contagious Diffusion

When something comes in contact with something else and spreads

Stimulus Diffusion

When one principle of the idea is spread, but not the whole thing (like if a certain clothing line became popular, and spread a button company around)

Relocation Diffusion

The spread of something by moving to another place

Hearth

Where things originate

Environmental Determinism

When the environment determines culture

Possiblism

When people decide on their own culture, despite the environment

Cultural Ecology

Study of human environment interaction

Sequent Occupence

Every time a new group comes in, their is evidence of their culture

Space Time Compression

Through technology, the world is getting smaller

Arithmetic Density (general density)

Population per unit of land

Physiological Density

People per unit of arible land

Agricultural Density

Farmers per unit of arible land

GPS

Global Positioning System

GIS

Geographic Interface System

Cartography

Map making

Projection

Putting the world on a flat map

Prime Meridian

Line of longitude going through Greenwitch England

Latitude (like a latter)

North and South

Longitude (going long)

East and West

Remote Sensing

Picture of earth from above

Polder

Land reclamed from sea using dikes

Types of distortion

direction, shape, size, distance

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