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Buddhism and Hinduism

Bodhisattva

a Buddhist deity who refrains from entering nirvana to help others

Buddha

a fully enlightened being being, Siddhartha is the most famous one

Chaitya

a rock cut Buddhist shrine in basilican form with a stupa at the endpoint

Mudra

a symbolic hand gesture in Hindu and Buddhist art

Nirvana

an afterlife in which reincarnation ends and the soul becomes one with the supreme spirit

Shiva

the Hindu god of creation and destruction

stupa

a dome-shaped Buddhist shrine

Torana

a gateway near a stupa that has two upright posts and three horizontal lintels

Urna

a circle of hair on the brows of a buddha figure

Ushnisha

a protrusion at the top of the head or the top knot of a Buddha

wat

a Buddhist or Hindu monastery or temple in Cambodia

Yakshi

female figure of fertility in Buddhist and Hindu art

Lion

a symbol of buddha's royalty

Wheel

a symbol of Buddha's law

Lotus

a symbol of Buddha's pure nature

Columns surrounded by a wheel

a symbol of Buddha's teaching

empty throne

a symbol of Buddha or his presence

predella

a lower base beneath statues of Buddha which can include donar figures or a scene from the life of the buddha

Lion Capital from Sarnath

Buddhist sculpture

Great Stupa of Sanchi

Buddhist architecture

Buddha Preaching the First Sermon at Sarnath

Buddhist sculpture

Shiva Nataraja

Hindu Sculpture

Angkor Wat

Hindu architecture

Hindu painting composition

crowded and colorful

Hindu painting perspective

tilted up to see the entire object

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