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Yalta Conference

United States, Britain, and Soviet Union agreed to divide Germany into zones of occupation controlled by Allied military forces

United Nations

International organization intended to protect the members against aggression. U.S, Soviet Union, & other 48 countries joined.

General Assembly

each UN member nation could cast its vote on a broad range of issues

Security Council

had real power to investigate and settle disputes. Five permanent members- Britain, China, France, U.S, and Soviet Union. could veto any Security council action

Iron Curtain

East and West Germany. Soviets controlled eastern part, and half of the capital, Berlin. Democratic Western Europe and Communist Eastern Europe

containment

President Truman's adopted foreign policy, directed at blocking Soviet influence and stopping the expansion of communism

Truman Doctrine

Truman's support for countries that rejected communism

Marshall Plan

assistance program that Marshall proposed U.S give aid to needy European countries

Berlin Airlift

France, Britain, and U.S decided to withdraw their forces from Germany and allow occupation zones to form one nation. Soviet Union responded by holding West Berlin hostage by cutting off supplies.

Cold War

Between U.S and Soviet Union. struggle over political differences carried on by means short of military action or war.

NATO

North Atlantic Treaty Organization. Ten western European nations joined with the U.S and Canada to form a defensive military alliance

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