Psych

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Two main types of behavioral learning

classical and operant conditioning

The initial learning stage in classical conditioning in which the neutral stimulus is repeatedly paired with the unconditioned stimulus is known as

acquisition

judy has cancer, doesn't like the food she ate, thru the process of.. the food is a ..

aversive conditioning / conditioned stimulus

memory is an ... system

interpretive

Three memory stages in order are...

Sensory, working, long term

What is true about working memory

it is the second stage of memory

the sensory for vision... memory and hearing sensory is ,,,,

iconic / echoic

Working memory is in your head for how long

30 seconds

A ..... is any pattern of meaningful unit of info

Chunk

saying the words eggs, cookies, bread, tortillas over and over in your head is the process of..

maintenance rehersal

instead of saying foxhowlswantbug he says fox howls want bug, instead of 15 letters hes doing a process of

Chunking

instead of 1-800-9383 bob makes his number 1800-lamp. this is called

elaborative rehersal

things that vary from culture to culture about public emotion

display rules

expresssions are ..... rather then ......

innate / learned

two hemispheres of brain induce different emotions term

lateralization of emotion

part of brain that influences fear

amygdala

sympathitic nervous system prepares for what

dealing with dangerous situations

seretonin is responsible for what emotion

depression

James-lange theory of emotion suggests that..

our physical state can influence can influence our emotions

sequence of events in emotional response according to the cannon-bard theory?

stimulus --> emotion AND physiological changes (simultaneous)

stanley schachters heory of emotion proposes that emotion results when...

you cognitively label the arousal and giv it emotional meaning

a state of tension created by biological states of interrupted balance is called a

need

define psychology

the scientific study of the behavior of individuals and their mental processes

which kind of psychologists create new psychological knowledge

experimental psychologists

what kind of psychologist tries to increase workplace productivity

industrial/organizational psychologist

Dr. Jones is an industrial/organizational psychologist, most likely to do what

help companies develop questions to ask job candidates

what kind of psychologist most likely helps people get over depression?

clinical psychologist

psychiatry and psychological differ how

a medical specialty

Jenna wants to learn whether men or women are better drivers, by getting accident statistics, the number of accidents are what?

the operational definition of driving ability

Jenna wants to learn whether men or women are better drivers, by getting accident statistics, the difference between male and female are what?

the independent variable

computer aided learning depepndent variable

test scores

independent variables are always

controlled by the researcher

someone who is exposed to the treatment is the ,,, condition

experimental

understand the difference between dependent and independent variable

ok?

correlation does not mean

causation

This letter symbolizes correlation coefficient/ what it represents / ranges

r / strength of the relationship between the two variables / -1.00 - +1.00

A .... is the basic building block of the nervous system

Neuron

..... is another name for the neuron cell body

soma

What of the following is NOT true about the dendrite

it connects directly to other axons

Nerual signals travel along a neuron in what order

DSAT

dendrite, soma, axon, terminal button

schizophrenia is thought to occur when theres an overactivity of what

dopamine

Disturbances of the neurotransmitter ..... can produce memory problems

acetycholine

multiple sclorosis happens when...

mylein sheath deteriorates

two major subsystems in the nervous system is the CNS and.....

peripheral nervous system

the process involved in forming a new mental representation by manipulation available info is known as

thinking

understanding the differences between something like dogs and cats

concepts

concepts are ideas that represent

a class or category of objects

the most representative or ideal example of a category is called a

prototype

a ..... involves arranging concepts from general to specific

concept hierchy

a .... is a formula for solving a problem that is likely to be successful

algorithm

what problem solving strategies dont guarantee solutions solutions but make efficient use of time

heuristics

a person who persists in solving a problem in the same way every time would be said to show...

a mental set

..... refers to a situation where a person cannot consider alternate uses for a familiar object

functional fixedness

rob is preparing chicken baskini for patty when he relizes that the chicken is suppost to be pounded out, goes to get a rolling pin.. forgets he has a pounder, he never thought to use it becuase what..

functional fixedness

.... bias refers to a way of thinking that ignores or overlooks information that disagrees with peoples beliefs

confirmation

After the outcome is known, people often have distorted thinking about their origional expectations due to..

hindsight bias

measuring intelligence by testing came from which country?

france

the purpose of the binet-simon approach was to

determine which children need remedial help

IQ is calculated as what

IQ = MA/CA * 100

what percent of the population has an intelligence quotient under 100

50 percent

the WAIC WISC and WPPSI are tests of

intelligence

if your iq is below... you wouldbe classified as...

60, mentally retarded

what percent of people is described as gifted

2 percent

What causes mental retardation?

PKU

according to robert sternberg, ..... is best described as street smarts

practical intelligence

people have as many as.... mental abilities

8

the correct order of the three stages of human prenatal development

zygote, embryo, fetus

the most common teratogens are

nicotine and alcohol

maternal smoking causes what

SIDS

the innate predisposition of some species to form attachment to a figure observed at birth is termed

imprinting

........ were the subjects in harlows famous attachment studies

monkeys

..... is the idea that we form attachments to those who provide reassurance through physical touch, as oposed to feeding us

contact comfort

According to the text, a key aspect of personality is its ...... quality in an individual in different situations

consistant

the modern view of temperament asserts that is is...

biologically based

the BIG 5

C.A.N.O.E (CONSCIENTIOUSNESS,AGREEABLENESS, NEUROTICISM, OPENNESS, EXTRAVERSION)

ellen had been described as creative, imaginative curious artistic and non-confroming. she is likely to obtain an elevated score on the questionnaire designed to measure

openness

if sylvia is described as trustworthy,altruistic, shell score high on the big five superfactor on what

agreeableness

ted is friendly and loves to tell jokes he is what in the big five (2 things)

agreeableness and extraversion

who treated hysteria with hypnosis?

Jean Charcot

The Thanatos was the driving force behind what?

destructive and aggressive behaviors

..... is the field that studies human interactions and behaviors

social psychology

solomon asch is best known for his studies involving

conformity

the main task of the solomon asch studies was what?

judging line sizes

the ..... experiments were a powerful demonstration of obedience to authority

milgrim

You are a contestant on Jeopardy! and it is your turn. You say to Alex, "I'll take Ancient Explanations of Mental Illness for $100." The answer is, "His was the first recorded attempt to explain abnormal behavior as due to some biological process." The smile on your face reveals the confidence you have as you say______________.

hippocrates

hippocrates maintained that mental illness was

caused by imbalances of vital body fluids

During the Middle Ages, authorities involved in the Inquisition viewed mental illness as due to

the devil

the etiology of a mental disorder is another term for its?

cause

psychosis is?

a break from reality

Which of the following is NOT an Axis I disorder of the DSM-IV-TR?

personality disorders

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