Anantomy Respiratory System Quizzes

40 terms by jwjw 

Ready to study?
Start with Flashcards

Create a new folder

Advertisement Upgrade to remove ads

Anatomy Block 5

The three regions of the pharynx are the:

Nasopharynx, oropharynx, laryngopharynx

The large shield-shaped thyroid cartilage that protrudes anteriorly is commonly called the:

Adam's Apple

The mucosa-lined windpipe that extends from the larynx to the level of the fifth thoracic vertebra

Trachea

Gas exchange occurs in the

Alveoli

What is the role of mucus in the nasal cavity

Trap incoming bacteria and other foreign debris

Contaminated mucus is removed from the lower respiratory passageways, such as the trachea, by

Cilia

Following the removal of the larynx, a person would be unable to

Speak

(T/F)The nasal cavity is separated from the oral cavity by the nasal conchae.

False

(T/F)The function of the C-rings of hyaline cartilage in the trachea is to keep the airway patent or open for breathing

True

(T/F)Each main (primary) bronchus enters the lung at the apex

False; enters lung at hilum (depression on medial side of lung).

The mucosa-lined windpipe that extends from the larynx to the level of the fifth thoracic vertebra is called the

Trachea

The C-shaped rings that reinforce the trachea are constructed of ___________ cartilage

Hyaline

The flap of elastic cartilage that protects the opening of the larynx is called the

Epiglottis

Gas exchange occurs in the

Alveoli

Which tonsils is/are located in the oropharynx at the end of the soft palate

Palatine Tonsils

Air from the nasal cavity enters the superior portion of the pharynx called the

Nasopharynx

Contaminated mucus is removed from the lower respiratory passageways, such as the trachea, by

Cilia

(T/F)There are only three paranasal sinuses located in the frontal, sphenoid, and parietal bones

False; paranasal sinuses are located in frontal, sphenoid, ethmoid, and maxillary bones.

(T/F)The portion of the pharynx continuous with the mouth is termed the oropharynx

True

(T/F)Inspiration results when the diaphragm and external intercostal muscles relax

False; inspiration is when the diaphragm and external intercostal muscles contract; the above is expiration

The three mucosa-covered projections into the nasal cavity that greatly increase surface area of mucosa exposed to air are called

Conchae

Clusters of lymphatic tissue in the pharynx are referred to as

Tonsils

Folds of mucous membrane called ___________ vibrate to provide speech

Vocal folds/true vocal cords

Which one of the following bones does NOT contain paranasal sinuses:

Mandible

The respiratory movement representing the total amount of exchangeable air is the:

Vital capacity

The amount of air that can be forcibly exhaled after a tidal expiration is about

1200 mL

The amount of air exchanged during normal quiet breathing is about

500 mL

The respiratory rate in adults is

12-18 respirations per minute

(T/F)Expiration occurs when the thoracic and intrapulmonary volumes decrease and the intrapulmonary pressure increases

True

(T/F)Bronchial sounds are produced as air fills the alveoli of the lungs

False; bronchial sounds are produced by air rushing through the large respiratory passageways; the description above is called vesicular breathing sounds

Inflammation of the sinuses that can cause marked changes in voice quality is called

Sinusitis

he serous membrane that surrounds each lung is created by a parietal and visceral

Pleura

The presence of air in the intrapleural space is known as

Pneumothorax

What is the most common cause for lung cancer

Smoking

The homeostatic imbalance associated with the death of many full0term newborn infants is called

SIDS (sudden infant death syndrome)

Wwhich of these age-related disorders is related to loss of elasticity of the lungs and hypoxia:

Sleep apnea

Which one of the following is NOT true of lung cancer:

It is generally more prevalent in males than females

(T/F)The nasal cavity is separated from the oral cavity by the nasal conchae

False; the cavities are separated by the hard (maxilla) and soft (muscle tissue) palate

(T/F)The "guardian of the airways" that prevents food from entering the superior opening of the larynx is the thyroid cartilage

False; the epiglottis guards the airways; it is made of hyaline cartilage

The emergency surgical opening of the trachea is called a tracheostomy

True

Please allow access to your computer’s microphone to use Voice Recording.

Having trouble? Click here for help.

We can’t access your microphone!

Click the icon above to update your browser permissions above and try again

Example:

Reload the page to try again!

Reload

Press Cmd-0 to reset your zoom

Press Ctrl-0 to reset your zoom

It looks like your browser might be zoomed in or out. Your browser needs to be zoomed to a normal size to record audio.

Please upgrade Flash or install Chrome
to use Voice Recording.

For more help, see our troubleshooting page.

Your microphone is muted

For help fixing this issue, see this FAQ.

Star this term

You can study starred terms together

NEW! Voice Recording

Create Set