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Liability to Third Parties and Termination

Hu is an officer of International Corporation. With respect to binding International to contracts, Hu's authority

may be actual or apparent

Nehru serves in a representative capacity for Olin. With respect to binding Olin to contracts, Nehru's authority

may be express, implied, or apparent

Jen, an agent for Kip, enters into a contract on Kip's behalf with Leon that must be in writing to be enforceable under the Statute of Frauds. Under the equal dignity rule, Jens authority to enter into this contract

must be express, written, and not oral, implied, or apparent

Kady, an agent for Lebron, enters into a contract on Lebron's behalf with Madge that must be in writing to be enforceable under the Statute of Frauds. Kady's authority to enter into this contract is not in writing. Under the equal dignity rule, this contract is

voidable at Lebron's option

Miklos grants an ordinary power of attorney to Nathalie to handle a list of financial transaction on Miklos's behalf. This power will terminate on

Miklos's death or incapacity

Neighborly Insurance Company and Ollie put their agency agreement into a written document that describes the rights and duties of both parties. Ollie, as the agent, has

express authority

Cory employs Daily Delivery Agency as an agent under a written agreement that describes the rights and duties of both parties. This is

express authority

Marky holds a power of attorney for Nuncio. Marky is

an attorney-in-fact

Sonia manages a Tasty Pastry store for United Food Company. To manage the business, Sonia's authority can be implied by

an inference from the position Sonia occupies

Geoff serves in a representative capacity for Huck. To accomplish the objectives of this relationship, Geoff's authority can be implied

by custom

Based on Nan's conduct, Odel reasonably believes that Poppy has the authority to act on Nan's behalf even though Poppy does not have the actual authority to do so. In this circumstance, Poppy has

apparent authority

Based on Bluto's conduct, Cass reasonably believes that Dee has the authority to act on Bluto's half even though Dee does not have the actual authority to do so. Cass makes a payment to Dee for Bluto. Dee keeps the money and disappears. Bluto

may be estopped from denying that Dee had authority

Supplies Company requires its customers to pay by check. Tylo, a Supplies driver, tells customers on her route that they can pay her with cash. When Supplies learns of Tylo's collections, it takes no action to stop it. Tylo steals some of the cash. Supplies may suffer the loss under the doctrine of

apparent authority

Iggy hires Joy to act as his agent to purchase Kup-a-Koffee Kompany. Iggy tells Joy to reveal only that she is buying the firm on behalf of a third party, without telling Kup-a-Koffee's seller who that third party is. iggy is

a partially disclosed principal

Trey, an agent for Uno Music Corporation, executes an unauthorized contract with Variety Recording, Inc., that is highly advantageous to Uno. Variety withdraws from the deal before Uno ratifies the contract. The contract is

void

Without authorization, Rolf contracts on behalf of Sari to have Tige paint the interior and exterior of Sari's house. Sari ratifies the contract. Later, Sari tries to rescind the part of the contract relating to the exterior. This attempt will be

totally unsuccessful

Elin, an agent for First Credit Corporation (FC), enters into an unauthorized contract with Great Expectations, Inc. (GE), purportedly on FC's behalf. This contract will be enforceable if it is ratified by

FC

Bud approves on behalf of Cody - but without authorization - a contract with Dik wo build a new silo. Cody does not ratify the contract Later, Dik tries to enforce the deal. This attempt will be

totally unsuccessful

Ruby indicates that she is acting as an agent on behalf of an unidentified client when she enters into a contract with Saldana

The unidentified client is

A partially disclosed principal

Ruby indicates that she is acting as an agent on behalf of an unidentified client when she enters into a contract with Saldana

Liability to Saldana for nonperformance of the contract may be imposed on

Ruby and unidentified client

Jock hires Kym to act as his agent to purchase Little Gym & Fitness, Inc. Jock tells Kym to reveal that she is buying the firm on behalf of a third party and to tell Little's seller who that third party is. Jock is

a disclosed principal

Oberon is a salesperson for Precision Instruments. Inc., He tells Quad, a customer, that a device has a certain capability when, as Oberon knows, it does not. In reliance, Quad buys the device. Liable for this misrepresentation is

Oberon only

BizOnline.com uses an electronic agent, or e-agent, to perform certain tasks in e-commerce. With respect to the e-agent's actions, BizOnline.com is bound by

all of the actions

Clu serves in a representative capacity for Differ. Elmo is injured through Clu's negligence. Digger may be liable to Elmo if Clu's conduct occurred

in the course and scope of Clu's employment

Rupert, an agent for Star Productions, Inc., enters into an unauthorized contract with Trucking Corporation purportedly on behalf of Star, which refuses to perform. Rupert is liable

for misrepresentation to Trucking only

Brad is an employee of Custodial Service, Inc. In deciding whether Brad acts within the scope of his employment when he commits a tort against Didi, a court will not consider whether

Brad indicated that he was acting on behalf of Custodial

Ezra is an agent for Fresh Food Corporation. Ezra makes an innocent misrepresentation when entering into a contract on behalf of Fresh with Gala Grocery Stores, Inc. Gala

may rescind the contract

Picabo drives a truck as an employee for Quik Delivery, Inc. Picabo would most likely be considered acting outside the scope of her employment if she

crashed into a car at the airport while off duty

Fab Auto Sales, Inc., employs GR8 Collection Company as a collection agent. While repossessing a car from Hadji, one of Fab's customers, GR8 causes an accident in which Hadji is injured. Hadji can recover from

Fab or GR8

Eppie hires Franz to do some remodeling work in her office.

The relationship between Eppie and Franz is

client and independent contractor

Commercial Development Corporation (CDC) hires Delta Construction Company to work at a site as an independent contractor. Whether CDC will be liable for torts committed at the site by Delta depends on

whether exceptionally hazardous activities are involved

Eppie hires Franz to do some remodeling work in her office

While working, Franz drops a tool on Gibby, Eppie's customer, causing an injury. Eppie is

not liable because Franz is an independent contractor

Security Armored Car Corporation employs Theo as an agent. Without Security;s knowledge but otherwise acting within the scope of employment, Theo commits a crime. The state can successfully prosecute

Theo only

Tire Manufacturing Company employs Uri as an agent. To terminate Uri's authority, Tire Manufacturing most notify

Uri and any third parties who are aware of the agency relationship

Clive is a purchasing agent for Double D Ranch with the authority to buy cattle at a certain auction. After the cattle are bought, the agency relationship terminates

automatically

On May 1, Craig retains Dora to act as his authorized agent. On June 1, a court declares Craig mentally incompetent. On June 2, before Dora knows of the court's declaration, she enters into a contract on Craig's behalf. The contract is

void

Frida hires Gert, a real estate broker, to act as her agent to sell her house. The house burns down before being sold. The agency agreement is likely

terminated by operation of law

Flo, an agent for Great Seafood, Inc., has often done business with Hakim on Great Seafood's behalf. When Flo and Great Seafood terminate their agency, to avoid liability for later deals, Hakim must be notified by

Great Seafood only

Omar hires Petra, a real estate broker, to act as his agent to sell his land for $150,000. Oil is discovered beneath the land, causing its market valus to increase considerably. The agency agreement is likely

terminated by operation of law

Maria hires Nero, a real estate broker, to sell her warehouse. The warehouse burns down before being sold. Nero is

no longer Maia's agent

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