Realistic plays often tackle subjects that are taboo, such as economic justice, gender double standards, and religious hypocrisy.
A group of smaller theatres that supported realism were collectively known as
Theatre libres; independent
One of Anton Chekhov's most famous works, The Sea Gull, was a dismal failure in its first public performance in Russia.
Realistic plays were immediately accepted by audiences in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries.
Edward Gordon Craig's _______ set greatly influenced leading twentieth-century American designers.
Although expressionism as a pure form of theatre did not last long, important playwrights like Eugene O Neill included expressionist techniques in some of their major works.
______ is an Epic theatre technique which describes a physical action that reveals a social conflict.
The Epic theatre technique ______ refers to making events onstage sufficiently strange so the audience asks questions about them.
______ is described in the documentary as using a nontraditional storyline and dance as storytelling
west side story
A 1970s campaign to bring more tourists to New York was ads using actors singing _____
I love New York
Many believed that the end of the golden age of traditional musicals happened when rock music and the civil rights movements changed American culture.
______ was the name of Jonathan Larson's rock opera about artists in the New York's Lower East Side.
Which are usually the most successful shows, and often less expensive to produce: Broadway shows or London imports?
The presentation of extended autobiographical monologues is a characteristic of ______
The contemporary theatre form ______ is an alternative to commercial theatre in London.
_______ has antecedents in the avant-darde experiments of the twentieth century, such as dada, surrealism, and happenings.
_______ initially emphasized the body as an art object, and later emphasized the visual and ritual aspects of performing.
______ began as a way to circumvent English censorship laws in order to present more experimental works
Postmodernism is an approach to drama that strives to achieve a correct interpretation of a classical play through extensive background research and strict adherence to only one style
The _____ project of the 1930s was created to help theatre artists through the Depression; it included units for African Americans.
Federal Theatre projects
The American government program called _______ has been the subject of much debate due to funding for controversial projects.
National endowment for the arts
El Teatro Campesino was best known for its _______, short performance pieces that called for better lives for workers.
Despite global communication and worldwide commerce, there is a surprising lack of theatrical exchange around the world.
There is much debate that African tribal languages should be replaced by ______ when creating theatre in Africa.
Augusto Boal was a Brazilian playwright and theorist noted for his theoretical book ______
Theatre of the oppressed
--tackled subjects that were taboo (economic justice, gender double standards, religious hypocrisy)
--no simple judgements and didnt resole action neatly
--dominant style of theatre in 20th century
--not immediately accepted
--plagued by censorship
--dont differentiate good from evil
--power lies in credibility and sense of identity it creates
--created surprising relationships between familiar objects
--presented unstructured dream imagery onstage
--Andre Breton; promoted surrealism as emphasizing on the subconscious
--alienation of the audience
--made stage elements visible to the audience
Historification: using events from history as subject matter
Gestus: describes a physical action that reveals a social conflict
Alienation: making events onstage sufficiently strange so the audience asks questions about them
--anti realist modernist movement
--idealized tech. and war
--different artistic mediums being used at once
--included both men and women in their movement
--created new plays that compressed "traditional" plays
--presentation of extended autobiographical monologues
--antecedents in the avant-darde experiments, such as dada, surrealism, and happenings
--initially emphasized the body as an art object, and later emphasized the visual and ritual aspects of performing
--an alternative to commercial theatre in London
--began as a way to circumvent English censorship laws in order to present experimental works
--mixes abstraction with realism and high art with popular culture
--involves a director "deconstructing" a text
--impact is from his work on Actor training
--does not emphasize ensemble work
--training doesnt require stillness of the body
--brazilian playwright and theorist noted for his theoretical book theatre of the oppressed
--experimented with invisible theatre and forum