THAR 281 Test Review 3

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Realistic plays often tackle subjects that are taboo, such as economic justice, gender double standards, and religious hypocrisy.

True

Realistic plays usually make simple moral judgements and resole the dramatic action neatly.

False

A group of smaller theatres that supported realism were collectively known as

Theatre libres; independent

One of Anton Chekhov's most famous works, The Sea Gull, was a dismal failure in its first public performance in Russia.

True

Naturalist plays often focus on the sordid and seamy part of life.

True

Realistic plays have been the dominant style of theatre in the twentieth century.

True

Which type of theatre believed environment controls us?

Naturalism

Realistic plays were immediately accepted by audiences in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries.

False

Edward Gordon Craig's _______ set greatly influenced leading twentieth-century American designers.

Unit

Initially, realistic plays were constantly plagued by censorship.

True

Realistic plays clearly differentiate between good and evil

False

Chekhov developed "tragicomedy", that characterizes much of modern drama.

True

The power _____ lies in the credibility and sense of identification it creates.

Realism

Surrealism created surprising relationships between _______ objects.

Familiar

Alienation of the audience is a feature of

Epic

Although expressionism as a pure form of theatre did not last long, important playwrights like Eugene O Neill included expressionist techniques in some of their major works.

True

The anti-realist Modernist movement ________ idealized technology and war.

Futurism

Bertolt Brecht is associated with the theatrical movement ______

Epic

Presentation of dramatic action through the eyes of the protagonist is a feature of

Expressionism

Making stage elements visible to the audience is a feature of

Epic

The Epic theatre technique of historification means

Using events from history as subject matter

______ was a short-lived, pacifist movement that focused on the illogical.

Dada

______ believed in different artistic mediums being used at once.

Futurism

"anything that is, Dada is; anything that is not, Dada is not".

False

Futurism included both men and women in their movement.

True

______ is an Epic theatre technique which describes a physical action that reveals a social conflict.

Gestus

______ presented unstructured dream imagery onstage.

Surrealism

The Epic theatre technique ______ refers to making events onstage sufficiently strange so the audience asks questions about them.

Alienation

Futurism created new plays that ______ of "traditional" plays

compressed

Andre Breton promoted a style that emphasized the subconscious, known as

Surrealism

In the musical documentary, Hair is considered the break through into

Rock and Roll

From the _____, Broadway musicals fell out of step with popular culture

50's

Early audience often _____ during musicals that were later considered hits

walked out

______ is described in the documentary as using a nontraditional storyline and dance as storytelling

west side story

The musical "A Chorus Line" started as

workshops

The recent corporate influence on Broadway is often attributed to

Disney

A 1970s campaign to bring more tourists to New York was ads using actors singing _____

I love New York

Many believed that the end of the golden age of traditional musicals happened when rock music and the civil rights movements changed American culture.

True

______ was the name of Jonathan Larson's rock opera about artists in the New York's Lower East Side.

Rent

Which are usually the most successful shows, and often less expensive to produce: Broadway shows or London imports?

London

The word ______ is often applied to plays that have a strong political or social agenda.

Agit-props

The landmark plays of the 60s, _______, depicted men living an openly gay life.

Boys in the Band

The presentation of extended autobiographical monologues is a characteristic of ______

performance art

The contemporary theatre form ______ is an alternative to commercial theatre in London.

Fringe theatre

_______ has antecedents in the avant-darde experiments of the twentieth century, such as dada, surrealism, and happenings.

Performance art

______ mixes abstraction with realism and high art with popular culture

Postmodernism

______ sometimes involves a director "deconstructing" a text.

Postmodernism

The Wooster Group was associated with the contemporary theatre form _______

Postmodernism

_______ initially emphasized the body as an art object, and later emphasized the visual and ritual aspects of performing.

Performance art

______ began as a way to circumvent English censorship laws in order to present more experimental works

Fringe

Postmodernism is an approach to drama that strives to achieve a correct interpretation of a classical play through extensive background research and strict adherence to only one style

False

The theatrical canon is accepted by Postmodernism artists as definitive.

False

Plays not included in the theatrical canon received bad reviews by critics.

False

The _____ project of the 1930s was created to help theatre artists through the Depression; it included units for African Americans.

Federal Theatre projects

The American government program called _______ has been the subject of much debate due to funding for controversial projects.

National endowment for the arts

El Teatro Campesino was best known for its _______, short performance pieces that called for better lives for workers.

Actos

El Teatro Campesino is still in existence.

True

Suzuki's lasting impact on world theatre will be his work on ______ training.

Actor

Suzuki's work does not emphasize ensemble work.

True

Suzuki's training requires stillness of the body.

False

_______ is a main branch of modern Japanese theatre, the word means "new theatre".

Shingeki

In the above answer, the ______ is the central figure.

Playwright

Western drama has had no influence on modern Asian theatre.

False

Asian traditional theatre continues to this day.

True

In Asian traditional theatre, women are allowed to perform.

False

Kabuki was invented by a ______

Woman

Despite global communication and worldwide commerce, there is a surprising lack of theatrical exchange around the world.

False

Athol Fugard is a contemporary African playwright.

True

Much of contemporary African theatre focuses on the political issue of

Apartheid

There is much debate that African tribal languages should be replaced by ______ when creating theatre in Africa.

English

Early African societies had many traditional performances that were connected to

Rituals

Augusto Boal was a Brazilian playwright and theorist noted for his theoretical book ______

Theatre of the oppressed

Two forms of theater that Boal experimented with were

Invisible theatre and forum

In the article on Boal, the original experiment took place in a

Grocery store

In the article on Boal, the ______ at the end were fake

Police

Realistic plays

--tackled subjects that were taboo (economic justice, gender double standards, religious hypocrisy)
--no simple judgements and didnt resole action neatly
--dominant style of theatre in 20th century
--not immediately accepted
--plagued by censorship
--dont differentiate good from evil
--power lies in credibility and sense of identity it creates

Naturalism

--focus on sordid and seamy part of life
--believes environment controls us

Surrealism

--created surprising relationships between familiar objects
--presented unstructured dream imagery onstage
--Andre Breton; promoted surrealism as emphasizing on the subconscious

Epic

--alienation of the audience
--Bertolt Brecht
--made stage elements visible to the audience

Historification: using events from history as subject matter
Gestus: describes a physical action that reveals a social conflict
Alienation: making events onstage sufficiently strange so the audience asks questions about them

Futurism

--anti realist modernist movement
--idealized tech. and war
--different artistic mediums being used at once
--included both men and women in their movement
--created new plays that compressed "traditional" plays

expressionism

--presentation of dramatic action through the eyes of the protagonist

Dada

--short lived, pacifist movement that focused on the illogical

performance art

--presentation of extended autobiographical monologues
--antecedents in the avant-darde experiments, such as dada, surrealism, and happenings
--initially emphasized the body as an art object, and later emphasized the visual and ritual aspects of performing

Fringe

--an alternative to commercial theatre in London
--began as a way to circumvent English censorship laws in order to present experimental works

Postmodernism

--mixes abstraction with realism and high art with popular culture
--involves a director "deconstructing" a text
--Wooster Group

Suzuki

--impact is from his work on Actor training
--does not emphasize ensemble work
--training doesnt require stillness of the body

Augusto Boal

--brazilian playwright and theorist noted for his theoretical book theatre of the oppressed
--experimented with invisible theatre and forum

Anton Chekhov

--Sea Gull (dismal failure in first public performance)
--developed tragicomedy (characterizes much of modern drama)

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