People who wanted the United States to stay out of world affairs, opposed the League of Nations
President Harding hosted conference-US, Britain, France, Italy, and Japan agreed to set limits on the number of warships each nation could build
Kellogg- Briand Pact
Agreement signed in 1928 in which nations agreed not to use war in their dealings with one another
LEader of the Soviet Union from 1924-1953; worked with Roosevelt and Churchill during WWII but afterwards became an aggressive participant in the cold war
German Nazi dictator during World War II (1889-1945), Nazi leader and founder; had over 6 million Jews assassinated during the Holocaust
What: U.S. navy base were Pacific Fleet was stationed Where: Hawaii USA Why important: Japan attacked Pacific Fleet and then U.S. got involved in WWII; Japanese launched a surprise air attack, destroying many planes and ships and killing thousands of men. This lead the U.S. to enter the war
an organization of independent states formed in 1945 to promote international peace and security, International organization founded in 1945 to promote world peace and cooperation. It replaced the League of Nations.
a movement of world Jewry that arose late in the 19th century with the aim of creating a Jewish state in Palestine
Military alliance between the Soviet Union and nations of Eastern Europe, formed in 1955
1947 declaration by President Truman that the US would support nations that were being threatened by communism
The state of hostility, without actual warfare, that existed between the US and the Soviet Union after WWII until the collapse of the Soviet Union
Conflict over the future of the Korean peninsula, fought between 1950 and 1953 and ending in a stalemate (situations in which neither side in a conflict is able to gain the advantage)
British statesman and leader before and during World War II; powerful speechmaker who rallied Allied morale during the war
he rallied the British with his speeches, infectious confidence, and bulldog determination; known for his "iron curtain" speech; led the British during World War II; agreed Hitler should be conquered; was thrown out by his own people.
US general during the Great Depression, WWII, and Korean War; forced by Truman to resign in 1951
an independent agency of the United States government responsible for collecting and coordinating intelligence and counterintelligence activities abroad in the national interest
National Aeronautic Space Administration, Kennedy administration program created to put a man on the moon and put America as one of the front runners in space technology
Physicist who fled Nazi persecution and later encouraged President Roosevelt to develop the atomic bomb
Bomb that changed the world, ended WWII in Japan, created a nuclear arms race between U.S. and Soviet Union
Rosie the Riveter
Term used to symbolize the many women who worked in defense industries during WWII
Zoot Suit Riots
A series of riots in L.A. California during WWII, soldiers stationed in the city and Mexican youths because of the zoot suits they wore.
Fair Employment Practices Committee
(FEPC) aimed at insuring morale and maximum use of labor force by preventing employer discrimination against workers because of race or religion. The efforts of this committee laid the foundation for the Civil Rights movement of the 1950's.