World War II and Cold War

40 terms by urbanhalle 

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Isolationists

People who wanted the United States to stay out of world affairs, opposed the League of Nations

Washington Conference

President Harding hosted conference-US, Britain, France, Italy, and Japan agreed to set limits on the number of warships each nation could build

Kellogg- Briand Pact

Agreement signed in 1928 in which nations agreed not to use war in their dealings with one another

Dawes Plan

1887 law that divided Native American land into private family plots

Fascism

Political philosophy that places the importance of the nation over that of the individual

Stalin

LEader of the Soviet Union from 1924-1953; worked with Roosevelt and Churchill during WWII but afterwards became an aggressive participant in the cold war

Hitler

German Nazi dictator during World War II (1889-1945), Nazi leader and founder; had over 6 million Jews assassinated during the Holocaust

Axis Powers (WWII)

In WWII, the alliance of Germany, Italy, and Japan

Appeasement

Policy of giving in to someone's demands in order to preserve the peace

Pear Harbor

What: U.S. navy base were Pacific Fleet was stationed Where: Hawaii USA Why important: Japan attacked Pacific Fleet and then U.S. got involved in WWII; Japanese launched a surprise air attack, destroying many planes and ships and killing thousands of men. This lead the U.S. to enter the war

Holocaust

Nazi Germany's attempt to murder all European Jews

United Nations

an organization of independent states formed in 1945 to promote international peace and security, International organization founded in 1945 to promote world peace and cooperation. It replaced the League of Nations.

Zionism

a movement of world Jewry that arose late in the 19th century with the aim of creating a Jewish state in Palestine

Warsaw Pact

Military alliance between the Soviet Union and nations of Eastern Europe, formed in 1955

NATO

Alliance between the US, Canada, and Western European nations, formed in 1949

Truman Doctrine

1947 declaration by President Truman that the US would support nations that were being threatened by communism

Marshall Plan

Program of American economic assistance to Western Europe, announced in 1947

Cold War

The state of hostility, without actual warfare, that existed between the US and the Soviet Union after WWII until the collapse of the Soviet Union

Containment

American policy of resisting further expansion of communism around the world

Brinkmanship

Policy of risking war in order to protect national interests

Korean War

Conflict over the future of the Korean peninsula, fought between 1950 and 1953 and ending in a stalemate (situations in which neither side in a conflict is able to gain the advantage)

Genocide

Deliberate murder of an entire people

Winston Churchill

British statesman and leader before and during World War II; powerful speechmaker who rallied Allied morale during the war
he rallied the British with his speeches, infectious confidence, and bulldog determination; known for his "iron curtain" speech; led the British during World War II; agreed Hitler should be conquered; was thrown out by his own people.

Vichy France

French regime in World War II after the German defeat of France.

D-Day Invasion

D-Day is the code name for the Allied invasion of France on June 6, 1944

Kamikazes

In WWII, a Japanese suicide plane

General MacArthur

US general during the Great Depression, WWII, and Korean War; forced by Truman to resign in 1951

CIA

an independent agency of the United States government responsible for collecting and coordinating intelligence and counterintelligence activities abroad in the national interest

McCarthyism

unscrupulously accusing people of disloyalty (as by saying they were Communists)

NASA

National Aeronautic Space Administration, Kennedy administration program created to put a man on the moon and put America as one of the front runners in space technology

Albert Einstein

Physicist who fled Nazi persecution and later encouraged President Roosevelt to develop the atomic bomb

Island-hopping

strategy of the Americans to confuse the Japanese

GI Bill

law passed in 1944 that helped returning veterans buy homes and pay for college

Atomic Bomb

Bomb that changed the world, ended WWII in Japan, created a nuclear arms race between U.S. and Soviet Union

Manhattan Project

Secret American program during WWII to develop an atomic bomb

Rosie the Riveter

Term used to symbolize the many women who worked in defense industries during WWII

Japanese Internment Camps

Hostile camps in Japan for US and other opposing soldiers during WWII

Zoot Suit Riots

A series of riots in L.A. California during WWII, soldiers stationed in the city and Mexican youths because of the zoot suits they wore.

Fair Employment Practices Committee

(FEPC) aimed at insuring morale and maximum use of labor force by preventing employer discrimination against workers because of race or religion. The efforts of this committee laid the foundation for the Civil Rights movement of the 1950's.

Postdam Conference

This is the conference where Stalin, Truman, and Churchill came together to decide how Germany would be administered. Their goals were to establish order, settle peace treaty issues, and deal with the effects of WWII.

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