art history final

62 terms by ashley_sartor 

Ready to study?
Start with Flashcards

Create a new folder

Advertisement Upgrade to remove ads

The word art encompasses many meanings, including process. Which of the following is considered an artistic process?

sculpting

Marc Chagall's self-portrait I and the Village can best be described as a depiction of ____.

fantasy

Robert Barry wrote:

All of the things I know
But of which I am not
At the moment thinking -
1:36PM; June 15, 1969

This is an example of a ____.

wordwork

Henri Matisse and Romare Bearden both utilize ____ to create order and harmony in their versions of the Piano Lesson.

color and shape repetition

Examining a work of art in its historical, social, and political ____ enables you to better understand it.

context

In Betye Saar's The Liberation of Aunt Jemima, the artist is protesting the use of Aunt Jemima as a(n) ____.

stereotype

The 16th-century artist Leonardo da Vinci produced what is perhaps the most famous painting in the history of Western art. This painting is known as ____.

Mona Lisa

Glass sculptor Dale Chihuly's Fioridi Como, located in Las Vegas' Bellagio Hotel, is a 70-foot-long ceiling piece reminiscent of the shapes and brilliant colors of Venice's renowned ____ glass.

murano

In Four Marilyns, Pop artist Andy Warhol participated in the cultural ____ of the film star and icon Marilyn Monroe.

immortalization

From the Italian for "light-dark," what term is sometimes used in place of the word modeling?

chiaroscuro

In La Source, Prud'hon's nude figure is ____.

carefully modeled and three dimensional

The colors opposite each other on the color wheel are ____.

complementary

In works with ____, the lines are completed by the viewer.

implied line

Diagonal lines are often used to ____.

imply movement and directionality

Impressionist painter Claude Monet was trying to capture the effect of ____ in his Haystack at Sunset Near Giverny.

optical color

David Gilhooly's Bowl of Chocolate Moose seems gooey and edible. It is a visual pun that employs the use of a technique known as ____.

trompe l'oeil

American sculptor Alexander Calder is known for his mobiles, which are excellent examples of ____.

kinetic art

One of the best ways to create the illusion of motion on a two-dimensional surface is by ____.

blurring outlines

When you look at a(n) ____ painting, your eyes are manipulated to see rippling movement and afterimages.

Op art

What inspired Picasso to create his groundbreaking painting known as Les Demoiselles d'Avignon?

African and Iberian art

Andy Warhol's grid-based composition, Ethel Scull Thirty-Six Times, exhibits ____ due to the multidimensional and varied views of Scull's personality and expressions.

variety within unity

When artists focus on the unity of ideas and meaning in their work rather than the visual and compositional elements, they are pursuing ____.

conceptual unity

Oskar Kokoschka's frenzied brushstrokes in The Tempest are thought to mirror his own ____.

inner torment

Compositions such as Barbara Hepworth's Two Figures are termed ____ because they make no reference at all to nature or reality.

Nonobjective

The form of an artwork includes all of the elements that make up the composition except ____.
balance
2. subject matter
3. three dimensionality
4. texture
5. color

subject matter

The ____ of a work of art is everything that is contained in it.

content

____ is the study of the themes and symbols in the visual arts: the figures and images that lend works their underlying meanings.

Iconography

Roy Lichtenstein's Forget It, Forget Me! is an example of Pop Art that has the visual appearance of a ____.

comic strip

Willie Bester's collage Semekazi (Migrant Miseries) was intended to symbolize the ____.

oppression of South African apartheid

In Robert Mapplethorpe's photography, such as Ken Moody and Robert Sherman, he drew the world's attention to what it was like to ____.

be gay and living in America

With a drawing, the quality of line and the nature of shading are very much affected by the ____ of the support.

texture

In its original meaning, a ____ was a full-scale preliminary drawing executed on paper for projects such as frescoes, stained glass, oil paintings, or tapestries.

cartoon

Which of the following drawing materials cannot be smudged or rubbed for a hazy effect?
1. chalk
2. silverpoint
3. charcoal
4. pastel
5. pencil

silverpoint

Dr. Seuss, famous for his children's books, worked for a New York tabloid newspaper as chief editorial cartoonist during ____.

World War II

Rembrandt copied ____ but added some additional features to his own sketched version.

Leonardo da Vinci's Last Supper

embrandt used ____ to create his oil-on-board painting of the Head of St. Matthew.

impasto

____ was the principal painting medium during the Byzantine and Romanesque eras of Christian art.

Gouache

____ is a mixture of pigment and a synthetic resin vehicle that can be thinned with water.

Acrylic

Pop artist Roy Lichtenstein's portrait of George Washington is an oil-on-canvas image that most resembles a(n) ____.

comic-book hero

In both tempera and oil painting, the surface of the wood or canvas is covered with a ground of powdered chalk or plaster and animal glue known as ____.

gesso

Fifteenth-century artist Gentile da Fabriano applied thinly hammered sheets of gold to his Adoration of the Magi tempera panel using a technique known as ____.

gilding

Etching is a very versatile medium. In Henri Matisse's Loulou in a Flowered Hat, he used ____ to represent the essential features of a woman.

only a few uniformly etched lines

In works such as her Untitled mixed-media print of Chinese girls, Hung Liu's purpose is to ____.

highlight the degradation of previous generations of Chinese women

Which of the following types of printmaking is not an essentially linear media?
1. drypoint
2. woodblock
3. mezzotint
4. engraving
5. etching

mezzotint

Serigraphy, or silkscreen, was first developed for use as a(n) ____ medium, a fitting medium because Pop artist ____ used it to create Four Multi-colored Marilyns
commercial; Andy Warhol

commercial; Andy Warhol

Zhao Xiaomo's Family by the Lotus Pond is a ____. The areas that were not meant to be printed were carved out ____ the surface of the wood.

woodcut; below

Woodcuts make use of the flat surface of wooden boards, but wood engravings use the end sections of the boards, yielding a ____ surface.

hard, non-directional

In Paul Landacre's Growing Corn, we see a good example of the ____ that can be obtained from the skillful use of wood engraving.

precise lines and tonal gradations

In the ____ process, the artist creates clean-cut lines on a plate of copper, zinc, or steel by forcing a sharp burin across the surface with the heel of the hand.

engraving

In creating his Christ Crucified between Two Thieves, Rembrandt used a drypoint needle in order to create ____.
soft, velvety lines

soft, velvety lines

The advent of the camera replaced the age-old need of art to imitate nature as closely as possible, and this change, in turn, led to the development of 20th century artistic ____.

abstraction

The Artist's Studio, taken in 1837, was the first photograph of its kind and was produced on silver-plated copper by ____.

Daguerre

William Henry Fox Talbot's first "photogenic drawings" were eerie, delicate photographs of ____, produced from a ____.

plants; negative

After the daguerreotype, the next major advance in the history of photography was the development of the ____ process, an example of which is Young Lady with an Umbrella.

autochrome

Dorothea Lange's Migrant Mother is a touching photograph taken during the period of ____.

the Great Depression

Margaret Bourke-White wrote, "Using the camera was almost a relief; it interposed a slight barrier between myself and the white horror in front of me..." Here, Bourke-White is describing ____.

Buchenwald during the Holocaust

With a Polaroid camera, the photograph appears before your eyes. This is an example of ____ film.

color reversal

Doryphoros

Literally means spear-bearer

Radial balance

radiate out from a center point in a circular fashion

In the Family of Saltimbanques, Picasso Places visual emphasis on the seated woman in the painting through_________?

isolation

True fresco, or ____, is executed on damp ____.

buon fresco, lime plaster

In the 17th century, a Dutchman developed a technique for mezzotint, from the Italian for ____, in which the metal plate is worked over with a multi-toothed tool called a ____.

half-tint, hatcher

Please allow access to your computer’s microphone to use Voice Recording.

Having trouble? Click here for help.

We can’t access your microphone!

Click the icon above to update your browser permissions above and try again

Example:

Reload the page to try again!

Reload

Press Cmd-0 to reset your zoom

Press Ctrl-0 to reset your zoom

It looks like your browser might be zoomed in or out. Your browser needs to be zoomed to a normal size to record audio.

Please upgrade Flash or install Chrome
to use Voice Recording.

For more help, see our troubleshooting page.

Your microphone is muted

For help fixing this issue, see this FAQ.

Star this term

You can study starred terms together

NEW! Voice Recording

Create Set