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Vocab and people from chapter 14 of WEX

Haile Selassie

Ethiopian king who pleaded with the league of nations to help defend Ethiopia against Italy

Rome-Belin-Tokyo Axis

Nations that agreed to fight communism, anti-democratic.

Guernica

city that was raided by german bombers. An "experiment" by german to see what their planes could do

Anschluss

union of austria and germany. Germany took over - league o nations did nothing

Munich Conference

British and french meeting - chose appeasement against hitler. persuaded the czechs to surrender sudetenland without a fight

Neville Chamberlain

british prime minister from munich conf. thought he had achieved peace

Nazi-Soviet Pact

nonaggression pact between ger/hitler and ussr/stalin. Agreed not to fight if the other went to war and to divide up poland/ europe between them.

sanction

penalties for violating international law

appeasement

giving into the demands of an aggressor in order to keep the peace

pacifism

opposition to all war

"phony war"

when french hid behind magniot line.. nothing happened for awhile.

Dunkirk

place where 300,000 british troops were saved by ships

Winston Churchill

replaced chamberlain as prime minister - rallied his people to fight

Battle of Britain

british won - ended operation sea lion. because of radar

Operation Barbarossa

invasion of the USSR

Lend-Lease Act

FDR's act that allowed him to lend or lease war supplies to countries who's defense was vital to the defense of the united states

Atlantic Charter

by roosevelt and churchill - set goals for the war - end nazi, bring up democracy

Pearl Harbor

a navy base which japan attacked . marked the entering of the US into WWII

blitzkrieg

lightning war- hitler's style of fighting

Holocaust

hitlers genocide against jews, gypsies, and non aryan.

battle of el alamein

allies point of attack in French N. Africa - defeat erwin romel "the desert fox"...then americans took the offensive

dwight eisenhower

american general, trapped rommenls armies who surrendered

battle of stalingrad

very costly. ger/ussr. ger surrounded stalingrad, ussr surrounded ger army

d-day

june 6th 1944. the invasion of france

collaborator

someone who cooperates with an enemy force occupying a country

battle of the coral sea

when American damaged two Japanese fleets, stopped Japanese advance.

battle of the bulge

hitlers last effort

V-E day

victory in europe day.

harry truman

president, dropped the bomb

kamikaze

japanese suicide pilots. drove their explosive filled planes into american ships

UN

the united nations. pretty successful peace organization.

"iron curtain"

speech given by churchill. showed growing fear of communism, described division of eastern and western bloc. East was soviet, west was democracies.

Truman doctrine

said the US will help any country threatened by communism

Berlin airlift

when stalin blocked all access to wester berlin (to US portion/GB). they fly everything into the city

NATO

North american treaty organization. members pledged to help on another if they were attacked

Warsaw Pact

the USSR's response to the NATO

containment

limiting communism to areas already under soviet control

spanish civil war

a preview of the destructive nature of WWII

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