Analyze the degree to which the Articles of Confederation provided an effective form of government with respect to any TWO of the following: foreign relations; economic conditions; and western lands.

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Introductory Paragraph

 After their triumph in the American Revolution, colonists came together as one to forge the United States of America and to reorganize the colonies after the war
 Thesis: The Articles of Confederation failed

Economic Stability Threatened

 The Articles did not give the government the ability to raise revenue effectively or to enforce a uniform commercial policy
 The United States, under the Articles, advocated a "firm league of friendship"
o Each state would retain its sovereignty, freedom and independence
o Jurisdictions and rights also were protected
 Despite this, the Articles limited the control of government to agree on the vital issues
o The document required unanimous consent of state legislatures for ratification or amendment
 Congress was denied the power to control commerce by the Articles
o Foreign trade was not limited and thus imports flooded the American market
o American goods and services were threatened because their goods were more expensive then abroad

Western Lands

The Articles also limited the control of western lands by the government
 The clause troubled officials because of its surrender of power to the states
o Congress allowed states to retain all land claims derived from their original charters
o But, states with definite western borders in their charters wanted other states to cede to the national government their land holdings west of the Appalachians
o Virginia refused to accept the Articles until 1781
 Such states' decisions to refuse policies delayed the ratification of certain amendments and
o The Second Continental

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