The Early Middle Ages word search

30 terms by mavis96

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The Dark Ages

name given to the Early Middle Ages because learning and civilizations declined

tithe

a tax assessed by the Church

knights

armored warriors who fought on horseback

Charlemagne

king of the Franks from 768 to 814, "the Great"

investiture

the feudal ceremony in which a vassal received land from a lord

abbot

the leader of a monastery

chivalry

the code of conduct developed by feudal nobles

Eric the Red

Viking explorer who discovered and named Greenland

fief

a piece of land given to a vassal by a lord

Pepin

the first king ever to be anointed by a pope, "the Short"

nuns

women who lived in convents and devoted their lives to prayer

Verdun

treaty that divided Charlemagne's empire into three kingdoms

toll

a charge to cross a vassal's land or bridge

Vinland

Viking name for Newfoundland

pope

the head of the Catholic Church

monasteries

communities in which groups of Christian men gave up all their private possessions and lived very simply, devoting their lives to worship and prayer

manor

a lord's estate, from which his family gained its livelihood

Vikings

invaders of Europe from Scandinavia

Charles Martel

Frankish leader who defeated the Muslims in Spain at the Battle of Tours in 732

feudalism

a political and military system based on the holding of land

Leo

pope who crowned Charlemagne "Emperor of the Romans" in 800

Benedict

monk who established a strict set of rules for monastic life

serfs

peasants bound to a manor

illumination

decorating the first letter of a paragraph and the margins of a paper with brilliant designs

Romance

languages that evolved from Latin

monks

men who lived in monasteries

Leif Ericson

Viking exploreer who reached America in the year 1000

vassal

a person who received land from a lord

Scholastica

Benedict's sister who established the rules for convents

Normandy

part of northern France conquered by the Vikings in 911, from the French word meaning "men from the north"

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