med terms

Created by mrc13b2006 

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pneumoconiosis

abnormal condition caused by dust in the lungs

epiglottis

lid-like piece of cartilage that covers the larynx

phon/o

voice

atelectasis

collapsed lung

cilia

thin hairs attached to the mucous membranes

tuberculosis

an infecious disease caused by a bacilus and treated with INH

tel/o

complete

auscultation

listening to sounds within the body

emphysema

air is trapped in lungs, and bronchioles are plugged with mucus; a type of COPD

inhalation/inspiration

breathing in

bronchioles

smallest branches of the bronchi

pneumomia

acute inflammation and infection of the lung cause by bacteria (pneumococci) viruses, or fungi

diaphragm

muscle separating the chest and abdomen

adnoids

collection of lymph tissue in the nasepharynx

windpipe

trachea

endotracheal intubation

tube is placed through the mouth to the trachea to establish an airway

tuberculin test

PPD

COPD

airway obstruction asociated with emphysema and chronic bronchitis

bronchoscopy

an endoscopic examination

hypercapnia

high carbon dioxide levels in the blood

carbon dioxide

gas produced by cells and exhaled through the lungs

lobes

divisions of the lungs

parenchyma

the essential cells of the lung; performing its main function are the pulmonary _____

inspiration

breathing in air

hypercapnia

excessive carbon dioxide in the blood

hemoptysis

spitting up blood

dysphonia

hoarseness; voice impairment

orthopnea

breathing is possible only in an upright position

epistaxis

nosebleed

bronchi

branches of the windpipe that lead into the lungs

mediastinum

the region between the lungs in the chest cavity

palatine tonsils

collection of lymph tissue in the oropharynx

alveoli

air sacs in the lung

parietal pleura

the outer fold of pleura lying closest to the ribs

cilia

thin hairs attached to the mucous membrane lining the respiratory tract

larynx

voicebox

hilum

middle region where bronchi, blood vessels, and nerves enter and exit lungs

paranasal sinuses

air-containing cavities in the bones around the nose

epiglottis

lid-like piece of cartilage that covers the voice box

emphysema

hyperinflation of air sacs with distruction of alveolar walls

chronic bronchitis

inflammation of tubes leading from the trachea (over a long period of time)

asthma

spasm and narrowing of bronchi leading to airway obstrucion

atelectasis

lung or portion of a lung is collapsed

bronchogenic carcinoma

malignant neoplasm originating in a bronchus

pertusis

whooping cough; bacterial infection of the pharynx

cystic fibrosis

ingerited disease of exocrine glands leading to airway obstruction

asbestosis

type of pneumoconiosis; dust particles are inhaled

endotracheal intubation

tube is placed through the mouth into the trachea to establish an airway

lung scan (V/Q)

radioactive material is injected or inhaled and images are recorded

pulmonary angiography

after contrast is injected into blood vessels of the lungs, x-rays are taken

tracheostomy

opening into the trachea through the neck to establish airway

thorocentesis

chest wall is punctured with a needle to obtain fluid from the pleural space

bronchioalveolar lavage

fluid is injected into the bronchi and then removed for examination

bronchiectasis

dilation of a bronchi

anosmia

lack of sense of smell

phrenic

pertaining to the diaphragm

pneumothorax

collection of air in the pleural space

purulent

pus-filled

rales

abnormal crackling sounds during inhalation

auscultation

listening with a stethoscope

pulmonary infarction

dead tissue in the lung

adnoid hypertrophy

enlargement of adnoids

tachypnea

rapid breathing

pleurodynia

pain in the chest wall

pulmonary embolism

a blood clot that suddenly blocks a vessel in the lung

pulmonary edema

swelling, or collection of fluid iun the lungs

pulmomary abcess

collection of pus in the lungs

COPD

Cronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease

PFT

Pulmonary Function Test

URI

Upper Respiratory Infection

bronchi

branches of the windpipe that lead to the lungs

apex

upper-most portion of the lungs

mediastinum

space between the lungs and the chest

pharyngeal tonsils

another name for adnoids

laryngectomy

correct spelling for removal of the voicebox

phren/o

diaphragm

hypoxia

decreased oxygen in the blood

percussion

sharp, short blows to the surface of the chest

pertussis

"P" means in DPT

what is croup

accute respiratory syndrome in children that is marked by obstruction of the larynx and stridor, (barking cough)

dyspnea

difficult breathing

signs and symtoms of asthma

dyspnea, wheezing, coughing

sputum

material that is expelled from the lungs

hemoptysis

spitting of blood from the lungs

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