5 Written Questions
5 Matching Questions
- Impact of Anglo-French relations on Anglo-Russian co-operation
- Anglo-German Convention 1898
- Anglo-Russian agreement 1907
- Bulgaria declares full independence (Bosnian Crisis pt1) October 1908
- Fashoda Incident 1898
- a On 30 August, on the same day as the Hague Convention was signed on the roles of war, the BRitish and German signed a secret agreement to divide up the Portugese Empire if Portugal failed to pay its debts. The secret agreement gave Germany the promise of territory in Luanda and Northern Angola. British and German ambitions in Africa were thus largely settled
- b In 1895 Britain declared they would regard French interference in the Nile Valley as unfriendly. But to encourage British negotiation over Egypt, a French expedition was sent under Captain Marchand to Fashoda on the upper Nile. In September 1898 they were met by a much stronger British force under Kitchener. 2 November; France ordered Marchand to withdrew and war was averted, whilst public opinion in both countries favoured war. Salisbury might've been prepared to make small concessions but Parliament and the public were against this. Consequently Britain was more solidly established on the Nile and even less likely to abandon Egypt. France had expected support from Russia on Egypt but since France had failed to support Russia over her claims to Port Arthur in Asia, Russia failed to support her here
- c The two powers signed an agreement over Persia, Afghanistan & Tibet. This in effect limited the two powers' influence in Persia and cleared away the possibility of Russo-British conflict outside the Balkans
- d Prince Ferdinand of Bulgaria declares independence with himself as Tsar, challenging Turkey with this title, indicating full autonomy (Turkey's nominal authority over parts of the new Bulgarian kingdom had been agreed at the Congress of Berlin)
- e The implication from the improved Anglo-French relations was that France's ally, Russia, would have improved relations with Britain
5 Multiple Choice Questions
- In 1905 Germans attempted to limit extension of French influence in Morocco, France's last hope of adding to her African empire. Moment seemed opportune as there were divides between French army and government over Dreyfus, and France's ally Russia had just been defeated in the East. Willhelm II visited Tangiers and made a strongly worded speech supporting the Ottoman's and Germany's interests in Morocco; initially successful as Declassé was forced to resign and an international congress followed.
- The name given to the German plan for conducting war, used in 1914 and named after the man who originally conceived it. Neither the original or revised plan was implemented in 1914 but the name was still used
- Reason for Austria-Hungary's decline; Up until the 1860s was considered the German leading power, but after the defeat against Prussia over Schleiswig Holstein at the Battle of Sadowa, they lost their leadership
- Britain wanted to protect her interests in the eastern Mediterranean. Therefore, when Russia lost the Crimean War, Britain ensured that Russia wouldn't send her fleet through the Dardanelles, the narrow sea passage from the Black Sea to the Med. Britain was worried that if Russia reached Constantinople in 1878 then there would be nothing to stop it form extending its power into the Med.
- The name for both the French desire for revenge on Prussia for the loss of the provinces of Alsace Lorraine and the determination to recover them. Louis XIV had secured these in the 1680s
5 True/False Questions
Jingoism → The name for both the French desire for revenge on Prussia for the loss of the provinces of Alsace Lorraine and the determination to recover them. Louis XIV had secured these in the 1680s
Anglo-French rivalry over Egypt → To cancel the threat from the German navy, Britain withdrew ships from the Med. The British home fleet was focused on the Channel, whilst the Grand fleet guarded the North Sea. After July 1912 French therefore switched battleships from their Channel Fleet to their Med fleet to guard the Med from Toulon. This increased pressure on UK in 1914 to protect France as the French fleet was not in the right place to defend the Channel.
Russo-Japanese War 1904-1905 → They hoped for a quick victory that others would accept. They reached Constantinople in less than a year on 20 Jan 1878 before the Great Powers intervened
Admiral von Tirpitz → Influential German admiral and politician responsible for Flottenpolitik - the building of a German navy to rival Britain's Royal Navy and the Naval Laws. He convinced the Reichstag to agree to his plans with the help of powerful lobbying from the German Naval League, and hoped that Germany's challenge would lead to Britain seeking to ally herself with Germany; in fact she strengthened relations with France
Murder of Alexander I of Serbia 1903 → Backed by the Black Hand and the Russians, the King was assassinated and replaced by the Karageorgevich family who were pro-Russian. A Slave revolt in Macedonia was suppressed and followed by the reaffirmation of the entente between Austria and Russia