Advertisement Upgrade to remove ads

Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) is a treatment sometimes used for _____.

depression

Developmental psychologists use the term _____ to refer to a person's genes or biological inheritance.

nature

Gordon Allport believed that healthy, well-adjusted individuals _____.

show a positive but objective sense of self and others, and have a sense of humor, common sense, and a unifying philosophy of life

Which of the following forms of treatment relies on paraprofessionals?

Self-help groups

What statement best describes the relationship between dissociative amnesia and dissociative fugue?

...

Lithium is an effective _____ drug.

mood-stabilizing

Which class of drugs is believed to treat schizophrenia with fewer side-effects than the neuroleptics?

Atypical antipsychotics

Regulation of which neurotransmitter is strongly implicated in schizophrenia?

Dopamine

Katie, who is moderately liberal, attends a very liberal college. After four years at this college, Katie is likely to become _____ as a result of _____.

...

The Cannon-Bard theory predicts that after witnessing a shocking event, a person will
_____.

experience physical and emotional reactions simultaneously

Problems in regulating _____ are related to both anorexia nervosa and bulimia nervosa.

serotonin

_____ are sensory experiences in the absence of real stimuli. _____ are false, unusual, and sometimes magical beliefs that are not part of an individual's culture.

Hallucinations / Delusions

Jacqueline has been in relentless pursuit of thinness for the past six months. She has been starving herself to reach this goal. Jacqueline is exhibiting symptoms of _____.

anorexia nervosa

Four-year-old Jennifer mistakenly believes that her mother would like to receive an Elmo doll for Christmas. This best illustrates Piaget's concept of _____.

...

Whenever Claudia gets an A on her psychology exam, she believes it was due to the fact that she is an intelligent, hard-working student. However, when she receives a D on an exam, she blames the instructor's ineffective teaching style and poor choice of test questions. Claudia's behavior is an example of _____.

the self-serving bias

Which category will be a new addition in DSM-V?

Risk syndromes

Janet has maintained her composure in the face of the death of her mother. Her brother, Joe, has gone into a deep depression and is unable to face work or family obligations. These two siblings appear to differ significantly in terms of what characteristic, which reflects our ability to adapt to difficulties?

Resiliency

Children of permissive parents tend to _____.

...

Justin enjoys watching pornography on the internet. He believes it is in everyone's best interests if he isolates himself from them. This behavior is not only jeopardizing his job, but it is also interfering with his relationships. Justin's girlfriend is upset that he spends too much time on the computer, and she is threatening to break up with him. Which of the following criteria for abnormality does Justin's behavior meet?

Maladaptive

The tendency to favor one's own cultural group over other groups is called _____.

ethnocentrism

Parents warn a new babysitter that their son, Dennis, is very aggressive and mischievous. As a result of this initial expectation, the babysitter starts calling Dennis "Dennis the Menace," and the babysitter behaves in ways that cause aggressive and mischievous behaviors from Dennis. This example best demonstrates the phenomenon called _____.

the self-fulfilling prophecy

Which of the following is true of neuroleptic drugs?

If an individual with schizophrenia stops taking neuroleptic drugs, the symptoms return.

When Sandra was 18 years old, she was in a serious car accident. Although she made a full recovery from her injuries, she experienced extreme anxiety afterward. Sandra is now very anxious when driving, has nightmares about the accident, and flinches when she goes through intersections. Sandra has symptoms suggestive of _____.

post-traumatic stress disorder

Research shows that _____ is the most important determinant of therapy outcome.

...

Sam is a participant in a study of moral development. In response to the Heinz moral dilemma story, Sam says that "Heinz shouldn't steal the drug because if he steals he will go to jail. Jail is a bad place so Heinz shouldn't take the risk of such harsh punishment." Sam appears to be operating at which of the following stages of moral development?

Preconventional

What has behavioral genetic research found in the domain of autobiographical memory?

...

Results of cross-cultural and animal studies on the big five model of personality _____.

support the fundamental predictions of the big five model

Infants who display secure attachment _____.

use their caregiver as a secure base from which to explore the environment

You laughed out loud a lot when you saw a movie in the theater; however, when you watch it later at home, you don't find it that funny. This example demonstrates the effects of _____.

social contagion

Professor Rothbaum surveys students about their motivation for attending college. Which of the following responses is the best example of strong intrinsic motivation?

"I'm in college because I love learning. Education satisfies my curiosity and makes me feel like a confident well-informed person."

A preterm infant is one born prior to _______ after conception.

37

_____ is the tension that arises when people realize that their behavior is inconsistent with their attitudes.

Cognitive dissonance

Dr. Billings is a therapist who specializes in psychoanalysis. The types of techniques that she is likely to use would include _____.

free association, dream interpretation, transference, and interpreting the client's resistance to discussing painful memories

By the end of the _____ period, the heart begins to beat, the arms and legs become more differentiated, the face starts to form, and the intestinal tract appears in human beings.

fetal

The Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory (MMPI) is an example of _____ test of personality.

an empirically keyed

Which of the following is true of the sympathetic nervous system?

...

Which of the following statements about instincts is false?

Instincts are learned behavioral responses.

The broaden-and-build model begins with _____.

the difference between high and low arousal emotions

Your roommate is acting very strangely. Although she has not slept much in the past few days, she says she is on top of the world. She has cleaned and re-cleaned her closets several times. She also took all her savings and invested it in a questionable financial venture. This period of non-stop activity has lasted for well over a week and is in sharp contrast to the depression and fatigue she exhibited earlier this semester. Your roommate is exhibiting symptoms of _____.

bipolar disorder

According to the circumplex model of mood, a wheel of mood states can be created from the two independent dimensions of _____.

valence and arousal level

_____ involves a significant depressive episode and depressed characteristics, such as lethargy and hopelessness, for at least 2 weeks.

Major depressive disorder

Freud believed that the prime motive in human existence is _____, Karen Horney believed that the prime motive in human existence is _____.

sex / security

Your psychotherapist asks you to "free associate." What are you being asked to do?

...

Results of Milgram's experiment showed that participants were less likely to comply with the authority figure's requests when _____.

the victim was made to seem more human

Kohlberg's model is based on the ________ perspective, wheras Carol Gilligan's is based on the ________ perspective.

Justice; care

You are a personality researcher and want to continue after the tradition of Henry Murray. This means you will be more interested in _____.

the whole person rather than specific traits

What infant perception research technique involves giving an infant a choice at what to look at and then looking for a reliable preference for one stimulus over the other?

Preferential looking

Evan received an ugly pair of pajamas for his birthday. Even though he didn't like the gift, he smiled and thanked his grandmother for the present because that was the expected behavior for that situation. Evan's behavior can be explained in terms of _____.

a display rule

Systematic desensitization involves _____.

pairing a feared stimulus with a state of deep relaxation by being exposed to feared situations in a gradual hierarchical fashion

According to Dan McAdams, our _____ are our identities.

life stories

One aspect of family therapy is the idea that a family member's symptoms are a function of the family relationships. If, for example, a teenage son is the scapegoat of the parents, which family therapy technique would be the most appropriate to use?

Detriangulation

What is one of the challenges in identifying people with antisocial personality disorder?

They often are able to con even skilled mental health professionals

Which of the following characterizes pubertal change in adolescents?

The peak of pubertal change occurs at an average age of 11½ for girls and 13½ for boys.

William has volunteered to work in a war-torn country to try to improve the lives of the residents there. The citizens currently have enough to eat and drink. According to Maslow's hierarchy of needs, what would these citizens be in need of next?

Safety

You are having dinner with your friend Sophia when she experiences a sudden onset of intense terror, without warning and with no specific cause. Sophia would most likely be diagnosed as suffering from _____.

panic disorder

Which of the following statements about dissociative identity disorder is false?

...

Prozac, Paxil, and Zoloft are what type of antidepressant drugs?

Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs)

You are watching golf and see Tiger Woods scowl. You would be making the fundamental attribution error if you assumed that _____.

he has an angry and volatile personality

When thinking about a situation, the actor is more likely to think about ______ factors, while the observer is more likely to view it in terms of ______ factors.

...

Jack and John were recently dumped by their girlfriends. Jack believes that his girlfriend broke up with him because she is a selfish and unhappy person, whereas John believes that his girlfriend broke up with him because she had to attend to a family emergency and could not make commitment right now. Jack is making a(n) _____ about his girlfriend's behavior, whereas John is making a(n) _____.

internal attribution / external attribution

Marilyn is depressed a great deal of the time and seeks help from a doctor. She is diagnosed as having a mental illness caused by a chemical imbalance. Marilyn is most likely being treated by someone who adheres to the _____ model of psychological disorders.

medical

According to Gray's reinforcement sensitivity theory, the behavioral inhibition system is _____.

sensitive to punishment in the environment

You are feeling upset when your mother turns toward you and says "turn that frown upside down." You turn your frown into a smile and realize that you now feel happy. This experience can be best described by the _____.

facial feedback hypothesis

Within conformity, _____ is based on a person's desire to be accepted by the group.

Normative social influence

Sucking, swallowing, coughing, blinking, and yawning are all examples of:

...

Place the following stages of the Kubler-Ross model in the correct order

Anger-2
Denial-1
Depression-4
Bargaining-3
Acceptance-5

According to Piaget, accommodation occurs when individuals _____.

adjust their schemas to new information

You tried to play peek-a-boo with your 6-month-old nephew, but whenever you hid your face, he would cry. You try it again three months later, and now he laughs and enjoys the game, trying to uncover your face with his hands. Your nephew has begun to develop _____.

...

Dr. McCall found that class projects were of poorer quality when students worked in groups compared to when each student did an individual project. This difference can be explained by the phenomenon of _____.

social loafing

Bill believes that his culture expects men to be aggressive leaders who provide the sole income for the family and do not participate actively in child care. Taken together, these are components of Bill's _______.

gender schema

Brittney is a counselor who believes that her clients have the innate ability to make good choices. She accepts each individual as they are and as a person in the process of change. It is important to her that her clients learn to evaluate themselves and not depend on the opinion of others. Brittney is practicing _____.

...

Chloe is a baby who cries a lot. She does not eat or sleep on a regular schedule and she often has difficulty adapting to new experiences. Psychologists would say that Chloe's temperament can be described as _____.

difficult

Individuals who suffer from _____ have an intense fear of being humiliated or embarrassed in public/collective situations.

social phobia

Research on the effectiveness of psychotherapy _____.

...

Which of the following is NOT a method proposed by Rogers to develop a more positive self-concept?

Defense mechanisms

Mischel developed his CAPS theory in part through research in which domain?

Delayed gratification

Developmental psychologists use the term _____ to refer to a person's genes or biological inheritance.

nature

Face validity refers to whether _____.

the content of test items appears to be a good indicator of personality traits

Mischel nearly derailed the scientific study of personality by challenging the assumption that personality traits are _____.

Mischel nearly derailed the scientific study of personality by challenging the assumption that personality traits are _____.

According to Piaget's theory of cognitive development, formal operational thought is _____.

logical, systematic, abstract, and idealistic

A psychologist who practices cognitive therapy might try to help a patient who suffers from a major depressive disorder by _____.

trying to get the patient to stop having irrational thoughts and dysfunctional attitudes

Which of the following statements about brain development is false?

Aside from growing larger, the brain does not undergo any anatomical change after birth.

According to Eysenck's theory, introversion and extraversion are characteristic patterns of behavior that _____.

aim to regulate arousal around baseline

Nicotine and rubella are examples of:

teratogens

Which statement best describes the relationship between neuroticism and emotion?

Neuroticism is related to feeling more negative emotion.

Xanax, Valium, and Librium are benzodiazepines that are commonly used drug therapies for treating _____.

anxiety disorders

Bill holds very strong political opiniions; he assumes that because he thinks they are obviously correct, most other people must believe the same way. This is an example of:

The false consensus effect

In the DSM-IV, all diagnostic categories except personality disorders and mental retardation are assessed on _____.

Axis I

According to _____, as we age our cells become less capable of dividing.

cellular-clock theory

Research on adolescent brain development has shown that the _____ is involved with emotional reactions, whereas the _____ is involved with reasoning and decision making.

prefrontal cortex / amygdala

Sucking, swallowing, coughing, blinking, and yawning are all examples of:

Reflexes

According to Jung, the collective unconscious contains _____.

archetypes

Which is not a component of Bonanno's theory of grieving?

Determination

Darrin is a good piano player. When he is alone and bored his arousal is low and he often gets distracted and makes mistakes. When he is in a recital with strangers, he sometimes gets too nervous and aroused and also makes mistakes. His best performances are typically at home when family and friends are nearby, and his arousal level is moderate. The variations in Darrin's performance can be best explained by the _____.

Yerkes-Dodson law

According to self-determination theory, people are most fulfilled when they satisfy which three fundamental needs?

Competence, autonomy, and relatedness

Which perspective encourages people to understand themselves and to grow personally, with a clinical emphasis on self-healing capacities?

Humanist

What has behavioral genetic research found in the domain of autobiographical memory?

Among twins reared in different households, memories of early life were quite similar

When people pay close attention to the facts, the _____ is (are) the most persuasive, but when subjects are not paying full attention, such as during a television commercial, the _____ may work better.

central route / emotional appeals

Dr. Crane is looking for a test that he can use to understand more about his clients' unconscious motivations. He would be very likely to use a(n) _____.

projective measure

Your roommate is acting very strangely. Although she has not slept much in the past few days, she says she is on top of the world. She has cleaned and re-cleaned her closets several times. She also took all her savings and invested it in a questionable financial venture. This period of non-stop activity has lasted for well over a week and is in sharp contrast to the depression and fatigue she exhibited earlier this semester. Your roommate is exhibiting symptoms of _____.

bipolar disorder

Which of the following features of group therapy helps individuals who share a psychological disorder observe that others feel anguish and suffering as well?

Universality

Setting goals, planning for the implementation of goals, and monitoring progress are all aspects of _____.

self-regulation

Research into stereotype threat indicates that performance on a test may go down if:

you suggest to the test-takers that people like them typically struggle on this type of test

The concept of _____ pertains to a psychological state, whereas _____ involves a physiological state.

drive / need

Please allow access to your computer’s microphone to use Voice Recording.

Having trouble? Click here for help.

We can’t access your microphone!

Click the icon above to update your browser permissions above and try again

Example:

Reload the page to try again!

Reload

Press Cmd-0 to reset your zoom

Press Ctrl-0 to reset your zoom

It looks like your browser might be zoomed in or out. Your browser needs to be zoomed to a normal size to record audio.

Please upgrade Flash or install Chrome
to use Voice Recording.

For more help, see our troubleshooting page.

Your microphone is muted

For help fixing this issue, see this FAQ.

Star this term

You can study starred terms together

NEW! Voice Recording

Create Set