Why did the so called Opium Wars occur?
Opium was smuggled by merchants from British India into China in defiance of Chinese prohibition laws
What does the Meiji Restoration in 19th century Japan mean?
a chain of events that led to enormous changes in Japan's political and social structure
What social classes in Russia supported Lenin and the Bolsheviks in the October of 1917 Revolution?
In the early 1920s, who was Lenin's closest associate and apparent succesor as leader of the Soviet state?
During Stalin's five-year development plans, what happened to the independent farmers (kulaks)?
resettled to Siberia and Central Asia
What is existentialism?
an attitude that stresses the individual's unique position as a self-determining agent responsible for the authenticity of his or her choices
What was the European nation that had the highest inflation rates in the 1930s, the years before World War II?
Which of the following was a part of Hitler's call to arms in Mein Kampf?
anti-semitism, rejection of versailles treaty, confiscation of illicit war profits, protection of the middle class, land redistribution for the peasants
What sort of opposites does the concept of Cold War imply?
two countries do not directly fight each other
What does the Treaty of Rome in 1957 have to do with the unification of Europe?
it created a single market and trading system for most European countries
When did African nations gain their political independence and how? Give two examples.
they gained their political independence after WWII
What kinds of governments emerged in Latin America after 1945? Give a case example.
socialism and communism
What do scholars mean by Arab nationalism? Give a case example.
celebration of Arab civilization and history; opposed to Western influence
According to the World Bank, what has happened to the income gap between developing nations and developed ones since 1960? Has the difference diminished or increased? Give an example?
the difference has increased