Fuggi Applied Biology Final Review

44 terms by ParklandHS

Create a new folder

Advertisement Upgrade to remove ads

selectively permeable membranes

allow only certain substances to diffuse across them

plant cell

has chloroplasts and a cell wall

autotroph

able to make its own food for energy

light

used by plant cells to make sugar for food

glucose and oxygen

final products of photosynthesis

genetics

the branch of biology that involves the study of how different traits are transmitted from one generation to the next; scientific study of heredity

recessive trait

represented by a lower case letter

homozygous

two of the same alleles for a particular trait

phenotype

determines the physical appearance of an organism

dominant allele

represented by a capital letter

alleles

the different forms of a gene, the factors that control a trait

pedigree

a chart that tracks family traits, using squares to represent males and circles to represent females

cells

the smallest units of life in all living things

cell membrane

structure that regulates what enters and leaves the cell

endoplasmic reticulum

organelle that helps maintain homeostasis by moving supplies from one part of the cell to the other

ribosomes

proteins are made here

golgi apparatus

packaging and distribution center of the cell

nuclear membrane

membrane surrounding the nucleus

mitochondria

produces energy

chloroplasts

associated with photosynthesis

vacuoles

large spaces in which water, waste products and nutrients are stored

cells, tissues, organs, organ systems

organization of structures in living things from simplest to most complex

cell wall

protects the cell and maintains its shape

photosynthesis

process whereby plants capture the sun's energy and make glucose

chlorophyll

looks green due to the green wavelengths of light that are reflected

oxygen

the major atmospheric byproduct of photosynthesis

autotrophs

organisms that make their own food

heterotrophs

organisms that cannot make their own food and must obtain energy from the foods they eat

alcoholic fermentation

process that takes place when glucose is broken down in the absence of oxygen and that makes bread rise

cellular respiration

releases energy and uses the raw materials of glucose and oxygen as reactants

prophase

first phase of mitosis

gametes

produced during meiosis

heredity

the passing of traits from parents to offspring

heterozygous

represented by one capital letter and one lower case letter

genotype

an organisms genetic makeup or allele combinations

punnett square

a diagram used to determine the probable outcome of genetic crosses

karyotype

a picture of all the chromosomes in a cell arranged in pairs

sex chromosomes

the pair of chromosomes that determine wheter a person is male or female, represented "X" and "Y"

pedigree

a family tree that shows the occurrence of a trait

sex-linked trait

a gene that is carried on the X or Y chromosome

flower

part of the plant where reproduction takes place

anther

part of the flower where pollen grains are produced

Please allow access to your computer’s microphone to use Voice Recording.

Having trouble? Click here for help.

We can’t access your microphone!

Click the icon above to update your browser permissions above and try again

Example:

Reload the page to try again!

Reload

Press Cmd-0 to reset your zoom

Press Ctrl-0 to reset your zoom

It looks like your browser might be zoomed in or out. Your browser needs to be zoomed to a normal size to record audio.

Please upgrade Flash or install Chrome
to use Voice Recording.

For more help, see our troubleshooting page.

Your microphone is muted

For help fixing this issue, see this FAQ.

Star this term

You can study starred terms together

NEW! Voice Recording

Create Set