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5 Written questions

5 Matching questions

  1. stroma
  2. cell
  3. inclusion body
  4. granum
  5. basal body
  1. a A stacked portion of the thylakoid membrane in the chloroplast; functions in the light reactions of photosynthesis.
  2. b A eukaryotic cell organelle consisting of a 9 + 0 arrangement of microtubule triplets; may organize the microtubule assembly of a cilium or flagellum; structurally identical to a centriole.
  3. c an area within a chloroplast that lies between the thylakoid membranes; serves as the site of the Calvin cycle in photosynthesis which involves the synthesis of carbohydrates
  4. d in a bacterium, stored nutrients for later use
  5. e the smallest unit that can perform all life processes; cells are covered by a membrane and contain DNA and cytoplasm

5 Multiple choice questions

  1. any spherical or nearly spherical bacteria
  2. idea that all living things are composed of cells, cells are the basic units of structure and function in living things, and new cells are produced from existing cells
  3. a microscopic network of actin filaments and microtubules in the cytoplasm of many living cells that gives the cell shape and coherence
  4. string of ribosomes simultaneously translating regions of the same mRNA strand during protein synthesis
  5. The complex of DNA and proteins that makes up a eukaryotic chromosome. When the cell is not dividing, it exists as a mass of very long, thin fibers that are not visible with a light microscope.

5 True/False questions

  1. chloroplasttype of plastid that synthesizes and stores red, yellow, and orange pigments, responsible for colors of many fruits and flowers


  2. nuclear poreopening in the nuclear envelope that permits the passage of proteins into the nucleus and ribosomal subunits out of the nucleus


  3. microtubulemembrane-bound sac that buds from the endoplasmic reticulum or the Golgi apparatus, storage structures for food, water, minerals, waste


  4. glycocalyxany spherical or nearly spherical bacteria


  5. plasma membranemembrane-bound sac containing digestive enzymes that can break down proteins, nucleic acids, and polysaccharides


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