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5 Written questions

5 Matching questions

  1. capsule
  2. mitochondrion
  3. bacillus
  4. endomembrane system
  5. Golgi apparatus
  1. a aerobic rod-shaped spore-producing bacterium
  2. b in eukaryotic cells, the cell organelle that is surrounded by two membranes and that is the site of cellular respiration, which produces ATP
  3. c stack of membranes in the cell that modifies, sorts, and packages proteins from the endoplasmic reticulum
  4. d A sticky layer that surrounds the cell walls of some bacteria, protecting the cell surface and sometimes helping to glue the cell to surfaces.
  5. e The collection of membranes inside and around a eukaryotic cell, related either through direct physical contact or by the transfer of membranous vesicles; includes the smooth and rough endoplasmic reticulum, the Golgi apparatus, lysosomes, and vacuoles.

5 Multiple choice questions

  1. A network of membranes inside eukarytoic cells invovled in lipid synthesis (steroid in gonads), detoxification (in liver cells), and/or Ca2+ storage (muscle cells); lacks ribosomes on the surface
  2. double membrane perforated with pores that control the flow of materials in and out of the nucleus
  3. enzyme-filled vesicle in which fatty acids and amino acids are metabolized to hydrogen peroxide that is broken down to harmless products
  4. any spherical or nearly spherical bacteria
  5. Photosynthetic, oxygen-producing bacteria (formerly known as blue-green algae).

5 True/False questions

  1. mesosomemembrane-bound sac containing digestive enzymes that can break down proteins, nucleic acids, and polysaccharides


  2. cell envelopeidea that all living things are composed of cells, cells are the basic units of structure and function in living things, and new cells are produced from existing cells


  3. centrosomeregion of cytoplasmic material that in animal cells contains structures called centrioles


  4. granumA stacked portion of the thylakoid membrane in the chloroplast; functions in the light reactions of photosynthesis.


  5. secretionRegion in prokaryotic cell where DNA is concentrated, not enclosed by membrane


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