This modern state was founded in 1948 by a UN resolution.
Jews who believed in a country of their own in Palestine
Gamal Abdel Nassar
Egyptian President who siezed the Suez canal
Nasser took over the Suez Canal in 1956 to show separation of Egypt from the West, but Israel, the British, Iraq, and France were all against Nasser's action. The U.S. stepped in before too much serious fighting began.
a movement that calls for unification among the peoples and countries of the Arab World, from the Atlantic Ocean to the Arabian Sea. It is closely connected to Arab nationalism, which asserts that the Arabs constitute a single nation.
Six Day War
(1967) Short conflict between Egypt and her allies against Israel won by Israel; Israel took over the Golan Heights , The West Bank of the Jordan River; and the Sanai Peninsula.
Succeeded Nassar in Egypt; eventually signed Camp David Accords ending the fighting between Egypt and Israel.
Israeli statesman (born in Russia) who (as prime minister of Israel) negotiated a peace treaty with Anwar Sadat (then the president of Egypt) (1913-1992)
Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries; international cartel that inflates price of oil by limiting supply; Venezuela, Saudi Arabia and UAE are prominent members
Camp David Accords
A peace treaty between Israel and Egypt where Egypt agreed to recognize the nation state of Israel; mediated by President Jimmy Carter in 1979.
leader of the Palestinian Liberation Organization and his goal was the destruction of Israel
a political movement uniting Palestinian Arabs in an effort to create an independent state of Palestine; Palestinian Liberation Organization
Mohammad Reza Pahlavi
Shah of Iran, overthrown in 1979 and fled to the US
Iranian religious leader of the Shiites; when Shah Pahlavi's regime fell Khomeini established a new constitution giving himself supreme powers (1900-1989)
Iran Iraq War
The war began when Iraq invaded Iran on September 22 1980 following a long history of border disputes and fears of Shia insurgency among Iraq's long suppressed Shia majority influenced by Iran's Islamic revolution.
As president of Iraq, he maintained power through the Iran-Iraq War (1980-1988) and the first Persian Gulf War (1991). During these conflicts, he repressed movements he deemed threatening to the stability of Iraq, particularly Shi'a and Kurdish movements seeking to overthrow the government or gain independence, respectively. While he remained a popular hero among many disaffected Arabs everywhere for standing up to the West and for his support for the Palestinians, U.S. leaders continued to view him with deep suspicion following the 1991 Persian Gulf War. He was deposed by the U.S. and its allies during the 2003 invasion of Iraq.
Persian Gulf War
a war fought between a coalition led by the United States and Iraq to free Kuwait from Iraqi invaders
a fundamentalist Islamic militia, fundamentalist Muslim group, gained power in 1996 of Afghanistan, restored order, but imposed an extreme form of Islam on Afghanistan, supported al-Qaeda
terrorist group responsible for 911
Osama Bin Laden
Arab terrorist who established al-Qaeda (born in 1957). Planned attack of 9-11. Reportedly in Afghanistan.