Plant and Animal Cells Test

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WHYYYY DEATH DIE!!

Cells

Building blocks for living things. Have a nucleus and organelles. The 2 kinds are plant and animal.

Plant cells

Have a cell wall and chloroplasts. Plant cells can make their own food.

Animal cells

Have a cell membrane, not a cell wall. Animal cells can move.

How animal and plant cells are different

Plant cells have a cell wall and can make their own food. Animal cells have a cell membrane and can move.

How animal and plant cells are alike

Both have a nucleus and organelles.

Chloroplasts

Make food from sunlight. Hold chlorophyll that give plants their green color.

Nucleus

Part of cell protoplasm that contains chromosomes, DNA.

Vacuoles

Store food and water in the cell.

Cytoplasm

Part of cell protoplasm excluding the nucleus.

Cell membrane

Outside layer of animal cells that can move.

Cell wall

Outside layer of plant cells that is firm and cannot move.

Cell

A membrane bound structure that is the basic unit of life

Cell Membrane

flexible barrier around a cell; regulates what enters and leaves the cell

Cell wall

A rigid structure made of cellulose that surrounds the cells of plants

Chloroplast

contains chlorophyll and is the site of photosynthesis

Cytoplasm

The region of the cell between the cell membrane and the nucleus, fluid, chemical reactions occurr here.

Eukaryote

A cell that contains a nucleus and membrane bound organelles

Lysosomes

An organelle containing digestive enzymes

Mitochondria

Powerhouse of the cell, organelle that is the site of energy production through cellular respiration

Nucleus

The organelle that contains the DNA and controls the processes of the cell

Organelle

One of several bodies with a specialized function that is suspended in the cytoplasm of the cell (mitochondria, nucleus, ribosomes, lysosomes, cytoplasm, cell membrane, chloroplast, vacuole, endoplasmic reticulum, DNA)

Vacuole

A fluid filled organelle that stores enzymes or water "food storage"

Animal Cell

does not have a chloroplast or cell wall. Round in shape

Plant Cell

square shaped and contains cell wall and chloroplast and contains one large vacuole.

chromosomes

DNA, located inside the nucleus
Makes you who you are

endoplasmic reticulum

transports nutrients to the nucleus

golgi body

a structure in a cell that receives proteins and other newly formed materials from the endoplasmic reticulum, packages them, and distributes them to other parts of the cell

Vacuole

Plant cells have large vacuole and animal cells have small but they are both floating in the cytoplasm. They are round water filled sac that is the storage aera of a cell. They store food, waste , and water.

Centrioles/centrosomes

Centrosomes produce spindle fibers during cell division to divide up the DNA equally into the two new cells.

Ribosomes

Ribosomes are grainlike bodies that float in the cytoplasm. they are "factories" to produce protiens. They release some proteins through the wall of the endoplamic reticulum and then transpoted to the Golgi bodies.

Endoplasmic Reticulum

The Endoplasmic Reticulum is passageways that carry proteins and other materials from one part of the cell to another.

Cell Membrane

Since a animal cell does not have a wall, the Cell Membrane forms a barrier between the cytoplasm and the enviroment. There is tiny pores that allow harmful waste to leave the cell and food and oxygen to enter.

Cytoplasm

The Cytoplasm is the area a between the cell membrane and the nucleus. It contains a gel-like fluid and many different organelles are found in it.

Nuclear Membrane

The Nuclear Membrane protects the nucleus. Itt has pores that allow materials to pass in and out of the nucleus.

Nucleus

The Nucleus is found inside the cytoplasm. It directs all of the cell's activities, including reproduction.
"BRAIN"

Mitochondria

Mitochondria are the rod shaped structures. These are power houses" of the cell because they produce most of the energy for the cell to carry out its functions.

Golgi Body

Golgi Body are flat collections of sacs and tubes. The "mailroom" recieve proteins and newly formed materials from the endoplasmic reticulm, package them and distribute them to other cell parts.

Chloroplasts

Chloroplasts are found inside the Cytoplasm. They are large green structures. They capture energy from sunlight and use it to produce food for the cell.

Cell Wall

The Cell Wall is a non-living material that surrounds the cells. It is made of tough, flexible flexible material ( cellulose) It helps protect and support the cell. It gives the cell a box- like shape.

Cell Plate

The Cell Plate forms into new cell membranes between the two daughter cells. The new cell walls form around the cell membranes.

Vacuole

Plant cells have large Vacuole and animal cells have small but they are both floating in the cytoplasm. They are round water filled sac that is the storage aera of a cell. They store food, waste , and water.

Centrioles/centrosomes

Centrosomes produce spindle fibers during cell division to divide up the DNA equally into the two new cells.

Ribosomes

Ribosomes are grainlike bodies that float in the cytoplasm. they are "factories" to produce protiens. They release some proteins through the wall of the endoplamic reticulum and then transpoted to the Golgi bodies.

Endoplasmic Reticulum

The Endoplasmic Reticulum is passageways that carry proteins and other materials from one part of the cell to another.

Cell Membrane

SInce a animal cell does not have a wall, the Cell Membrane forms a barrier between the cytoplasm and the enviroment. There is tiny pores that allow harmful waste to leave the cell and food and oxygen to enter.

Cytoplasm

The Cytoplasm is the area a between the cell membrane and the nucleus. It contains a gel-like fluid and many different organelles are found in it.

Nuclear Membrane

The Nuclear Membrane protects the nucleus. Itt has pores that allow materials to pass in and out of the nucleus.

Nucleus

The Nucleus is found inside the cytoplasm. It directs all of the cell's activities, including reproduction.
"BRAIN"

Mitochondria

Mitochondria are the rod shaped structures. These are power houses" of the cell because they produce most of the energy for the cell to carry out its functions.

Golgi Body

Golgi Body are flat collections of sacs and tubes. The "mailroom" recieve proteins and newly formed materials from the endoplasmic reticulm, package them and distribute them to other cell parts.

Chloroplasts

Chloroplasts are found inside the Cytoplasm. They are large green structures. They capture energy from sunlight and use it to produce food for the cell.

Cell Wall

The Cell Wall is a non-living material that surrounds the cells. It is made of tough, flexible flexible material ( cellulose) It helps protect and support the cell. It gives the cell a box- like shape.

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