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Ms. Pearson

subject

tells whom or what the sentence is about

adjective

a word that modifies a noun or pronoun

noun

names a person, place, thing, or idea

adverb

modifies a verb, an adjective, or another adverb

action verb

Expresses physical or mental activity.

linking verb

connects the subject of a sentence with a noun or adjective in the predicate

main verb

the main action or state of being in a sentence

helping verb

accompanies an action verb or linking verb and it forms a phrase showing the verb's tense

indirect object

says to whom or what the action is being done

exclamatory sentence

a sentence expressing strong feeling, usually punctuated with an exclamation mark

declarative sentence

makes a statement and ends with a period

imperative sentence

A command or request; often has the understood subject "you".

interrogative sentence

asks a question and ends with a question mark

pronoun

a function word that is used in place of a noun or noun phrase

conjunction

joins words, phrases, and clauses

interjection

A word that expresses emotion

predicate

tells what the subject is or does

verb phrase

consists of one or more helping verbs followed by a main verb

proper noun

names a particular person, place, thing, or idea and begins with a capital letter

common noun

general name for a person, place, thing, or idea

concrete noun

names of an object that can be perceived by one or more of the senses

abstract noun

names ideas, qualities, or feelings that cannot be seen or touched

antecedent

the noun that the pronoun replaces

predicate nominative

a noun or pronoun that follows a linking verb and renames or identifies the subject

predicate adjective

follows a linking verb and describes the subject

direct object

the noun or object pronoun that receives the action of the action verb

preposition

a word that shows the relationship of a noun or pronoun to another word

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