Mexican revolutionary leader (1877-1923)
Antonio Lopez de Santa Anna
Mexican general who tried to crush the Texas revolt and who lost battles to Winfield Scott and Zachary Taylor in the Mexican War (1795-1876)
The liberal reformer who strongly influenced Mexican politics. He was elected president in 1861 and 1867., Mexican national hero; brought liberal reforms to Mexico, including separation of church and state, land distribution to the poor, and an educational system for all of Mexico
either of two wars: the first when the Boers fought England in order to regain the independence they had given up to obtain British help against the Zulus (1880-1881)
1899 rebellion in Beijing, China started by a secret society of Chinese who opposed the "foreign devils". The rebellion was ended by British troops
A war fought in the middle of the nineteenth century between Russia on one side and Turkey, Britain, and France on the other. RUssia was defeated and the independence of Turkey was guaranteed, Conflict between the Russian and Ottoman Empires fought primarily in the Crimean Peninsula. To prevent Russian expansion, Britain and France sent troops to support the Ottomans.
Leader of the Filipino independence movement against Spain (1895-1898). He proclaimed the independence of the Philippines in 1899, but his movement was crushed and he was captured by the United States Army in 1901
Cuban poet and journalist who organized a guerilla revolution against Spain in 1895- "Cuba Libre" free Cuba was his battle cry-and sought US support and intervention.
Emperor of Ethiopia who played Italians, British, and French against each other while buying weapons from France and Russia. In the Battle of Adowa, Ethiopian forces successfully defeated the Italians and maintained their independence.
a republic in West Africa on the Gulf of Guinea, most populous country in Africa, largest sub-Sahara Muslim country, was formed by British from small ethnic, and religious groups: started civil war
Open Door Policy
A policy proposed by the US in 1899, under which ALL nations would have equal opportunities to trade in China.
a theocratic Islamic republic in the Middle East in western Asia, an empire in southern Asia created by Cyrus the Great in the 6th century BC and destroyed by Alexander the Great in the 4th century BC, an ancient empire in southwest Asia and was one of the most powerful empires of the ancient world, A historic region of Southwest Asia located mostly in what is now Iran.
last Hawaiian monarch, refused to allow Hawaii to be annexed by the US, The Hawaiian queen who was forced out of power by a revolution started by American business interests.
the British-controlled portions of India in the years 1757-1947, the British political establishment in india, Hindu word for empire
Russo Japanese War
A conflict that grew out of the rival imperialist ambitions of the Russian Empire and the Empire of Japan over Manchuria and Korea., Russia and Japan were fighting over Korea, Manchuria, etc. Began in 1904, but neither side could gain a clear advantage and win. Both sent reps to Portsmouth, NH where TR mediated Treaty of New Hampshire in 1905. TR won the nobel peace prize for his efforts, the 1st pres. to do so.
discontent with British administration in India led to numerous mutinies in 1857 and 1858, an 1857 rebellion of Hindu and Muslim soldiers against the British in India
a Zulu chief in 1816 who used highly disiplined warriors and good military organizationto create a lage centralized state., A Zulu chief in Southern Africa who used soldiers and good military organization to create a large centralized state.
Spanish American War
In 1898, a conflict between the United States and Spain, in which the U.S. supported the Cubans' fight for independence, War fought between the US and Spain in Cuba and the Philippines. It lasted less than 3 months and resulted in Cuba's independence as well as the US annexing Puerto Rico, Guam, and the Philippines.
sphere of influence
area in which a foreign nation had special trading privileges and made laws for its own citizens, Area in which an outside power claims exclusive investment or trading privileges
Treaty of Kanagawa
1854 treaty between Japan and the US. Japan agreed to open two ports to American ships, treaty that granted ships the right to stop at two Japanese ports for supplies; also gave U.S. the right to send diplomatic representatives to Japan
After gaining their independence, India and Pakistan fought a war over what?
when India gained independence in 1947, separate nation created for the Muslims; was divided by land mass of India, into West Pakistan and East Pakistan
After World War II, the greatest source of U.S. Filippino conflict was?
Muslim rebellion -- wanted their own state
Aside from trade restrictions, what was another way foreign nations opposed South Africa's policy of apartheid?
economic sanctions - refused to give any help to South Africa while apartheid was still in effect
a social policy or racial segregation involving political and economic and legal discrimination against non-whites, Laws (no longer in effect) in South Africa that physically separated different races into different geographic areas., South African government policy of separation of the races enforced by law
French-speaking Africans and West Indians formed a movement to celebrate African culture, heritage, and values called what?
What action did Poland accomplish successfully before any other nation?
they had a black pope
What happened after the Nigerian military promised to bring back civilian rule in 1993?