group of prokaryotic and single celled microorganisms; similar to bacteria
organisms producing energy
rod shaped bacteria
using microbes to remove toxic materials in an environment
organisms which obtain energy from oxidation of chemicals and synthesizes organic compounds from carbon dioxide
organisms requiring organic compounds for energy
spherical shaped bacteria
dormant, tough, non-reproductive structure which forms inside cell during periods of environmental stress; comparable to exospores or cysts in purpose
any organism residing within another organism; many instances obligate
toxic components of outer membrane found in gram negative bacteria
toxins secreted by bacteria
prokaryotic organisms which thrive in unusually saline conditions
prokaryotic organisms which thrive in unusually hot temperatures
bacteria with a thick, simple cell wall comprised of peptidoglycan
bacteria with a thin cell wall comprised of peptidoglycan along with an outer membrane containing lipopolysaccharides (LPS); usually pathogenic
empirical method of differentiating between bacteria based on cell wall composition
organisms consuming energy
prokaryotic organisms which thrive in conditions with unusually high concentrations of methane
infectious agent instigating disease in its host
(murein), polymer of sugars and amino acids forming mesh-like layer in eubacteria cell walls
organisms producing energy via photosynthesis
organisms producing energy via photosynthesis, yet rely on organic compounds for nutrition
hair-like appendage on surface of many bacteria used for conjugation and attachment to other cells
large group of bacteria categorized based on ribosomal RNA sequence; gram negative and many are obligatory anaerobic
spiral shaped bacteria
close and long term relationship between two different species
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