MBLEX Study Guide Book 2013 General Questions

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From 1st 100 questions in 2013 Edition

Prime Mover

Muscle that is the major contributor in generating a movement

Tendon

At either end of the muscle & attach muscle to bone

Origin

Attachment to the more stationary bone

Insertion

Connection to the more mobile bone

Synergists

Muscles that work together to create an action and assist the prime mover

Antagonist

Creates opposite action to the Prime Mover

Veins & Arteries

Blood vessels of Cardiovascular System

Arteries

Carries blood away from heart

Function of Capillaries Wall

Nutrient & waste exchange site between body tissues & blood

Bell's Palsy

Temp facial paralysis, resulting from trauma to one or two facial nerves

Syndrome

Group of symptoms and signs with a common cause

Pandemic

Worldwide disease outbreak

Symptoms

Non observable abnormalities that the patient complains of (aches, fatigue, pain)

Epidemiology

Study of the occurrences, transmissions, & distributions of diseases

Acute

Short term & very intense

Signs

Abnormalities that you can see & observe such as rashes, bleeding, fever, etc

Prognosis

Prediction of the course of a disease

Chronic

Condition or disease that a last a long time & is less intense

Local

Confined to a certain part of the body

Stress-related illnesses

Posttraumatic Stress Disorders/Hypertension/Pain/Fatigue/Cardiovascular Problems/Ulcers/Sleep-Bowel-Digestive disorders

Pathogen

Infectious agent that causes disease to its host. Spread by direct contact, saliva, blood, urine, feces, airborne

Cranial Sacral Therapy

Holistic Healing Practice, uses very light touch to balance Craniosacral System:Bones, Tissues, Spinal Area, Nerves, Fluids

PNF

Passive Stretching/Isometric Contractions. Helps range of motion, reduce fatigue/prevent injuries when working with athletes

Trigger Point Therapy

Neuromuscular Therapy & Myotherapy

Reciprocal Inhibition

Muscles on one side of a joint relaxing to accommodate contraction on the other side of that joint.

Wolff's Law

States that bone in healthy person will adapt to the loads it is placed under

UPPER EXTREMITIES

HUMERUS/RADIUS/ULNA/CARPALS/METACARPALS/PLALANGES

LOWER EXTREMITIES

FEMUR/PATELLA/TIBIA/FIBULA/TARSALS/METATARSALS/PHALANGES

Transference

Process where emotions are passed on from one person to another

Counter Transference

Feelings aroused in therapist by client, occurs when therapist experiences emotions in response to the patient's transference.

4 Ways to Treat Plantar Fasciitis

Massage top of foot/sole of foot/cross friction heel massage/self treat w/rolling exercises

Lymph Drainage

Specialized technique you would use on client who is 6 weeks after mastectomy

Code of Ethics

Summary statement of the standards of conduct/ethical behavior for the massage therapist

Principles of Ethics

1st part of Code of Ethics/model standards of exemplary professional conduct for all members

Rules of Ethics

Mandatory & specific standards of minimally-acceptable professional conduct

Small Intestine

Long and narrow (20-23 feet) long. FOOD COMPOSITOIN

Large Intestine

Wide but short (5' ft long) No decomposition of food in large intestine

Thrombocyte

Platelet/tiny bits of protoplasm found in vertebrate blood; essential for blood clotting

OSTEOCLASTS

Cells that breakdown the bone

OSTEOCYTES

Individual bone cells

OSTEOBLASTS

Cells that build up or repair bone tissue

OSTEITIS/Potts Disease

Inflammation of bone

Hyperkyphosiss

Exaggerated posterior thoracic curve/Head forward posture

Stroking

Lightest techniques used for massage

MLD

Manual Lymphatic Drainage/contraindications include heart failure, acute conditions due to bacterial or viral infection

7 Heat Applications in Hydrotherapy

Fomentations/Silica Gel Hot Packs/Compresses, Moist Heat Pads, Hot Water Bottles/Mustard Plaster/Castor Oil Packs

Contraindications of Heal Applications in Hydrotherapy

Acute injuries, circulatory pathologies, infections, burns

Cryotherapy

Cold Application in Hydrotherapy

Raynaud's Disease

Rare disorder that affects the arteries

3 Respiratory Pathologies

Pulmonary Edema/Bronchial Asthma/Emphysema

Circulatory Pathologies

High/Low Blood Pressure/Angina Pectoris/Heart Failure/Varicose Veins/Hemorrhoids/TachycardiaT

Tachycardia

Rapid heart action

Bradycardia

Slow heart action

Gastrointestinal Concerns

Constipation/Irritable Bowel Syndrome/Inflammatory Bowel Disease. IBS: Irritable Bowel Syndrome

Common Type of Cancer

Breast, Colon, Lung, Prostate, Cervical, Skin

Ethics

Personal beliefs to what is wrong and right

Mission Statement

Declaration of your business major focus; generally short

10 Years

How many years should you keep tax records?

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