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The term New York School refers to a postwar art movement that?

was a convenient way to lump together the Abstract Expressionists.

Robert Smithson's Spiral Jetty is an example of?

site work

The term Postmodern was first used in reference to a certain style in?

architecture

The "Woman" series of paintings by Willem de Kooning caused a stir in the art world. They were?

seen as shocking and brutal

The Guerrilla Girls use posters and on-site appearances to

bring attention to gender inequalities in the art world

Painting is the primary medium used by all of the following artists EXCEPT?

Louise Bourgeois

Jasper Johns chose familiar images for his subject matter so that he could then concentrate on all of the following EXCEPT?

the psychological use of color

One of the ideas behind Postmodernism is pluralism, which proposes that art?

can take many directions at the same time, all of them equally valid

The term action painting refers to the fact that this new type of painting?

traced the actions of the painter

Minimalism, a trend that coexisted with Pop, emphasized a continuation of the exploration of non-representation and the idea that a painting is primarily?

a physical object

Early Conceptualists reacted to the burgeoning art market by?

attempting to eliminate the art object

A Neo-Dada artist who made art from "found" materials and images and named his new art form combine paintings is?

Robert Rauschenberg

In Joseph Kosuth's One and Three Chairs, the viewer is presented with?

three ways of documenting an idea

Anselm Kiefer was one of the most talked about of the Neo-Expressionists. His work?

dealt directly with the trauma of Germany's past

Allan Kaprow took art in a new direction with happenings. His primary claim was?

that art was most like life itself

Appropriation contends that the meaning of a work of art?

is unstable and communal

A new art form known as installation?

a movement in painting that explores the way a camera "sees."

A good example of a Surrealist poetic object is?

Object (Luncheon in Fur) by Meret Oppenheim

The first national art museum opened in 1793. This museum, still in operation today, is?

the Louvre in Paris

Which art movement was directly influenced by Sigmund Freud's theories of the unconscious?

Surrealism

In their paintings, the Impressionists often focused on?

scenes of leisure involving the middle class

A major influence upon European culture of the 19th century, one that gave rise to an expanding middle class, was?

the Industrial Revolution

Edouard Manet considered the annual Salon of Paris to be an artist's only true "field of battle." What was the Salon of Paris?

A juried exhibition sponsored by the French government

Eugène Delacroix was a leading practitioner of the __________style.

Romantic

The recent manufacture of oil paint in tubes made it possible for 19th-century European artists to make painting a portable activity. The spontaneity and directness of painting outdoors is evident in works by _____________ artists.

Impressionist

Which of the following is an American artist?

George Caleb Bingham, Mary Cassatt, Thomas Eakins, Henry Ossawa Tanner

Marcel Duchamp created a new art form in which the artist makes nothing, but merely labels an object as art. He called this art form?

ready-mades

How did Impressionism get its name?

A critic used the term to degrade the movement after seeing the painting Impression: Sunrise, and it caught on.

Paul Cézanne's emphasis on structure in painting was a direct influence in the development of?

Cubism

Romantic art stresses?

drama, unbridled emotions, and complex compositions

According to Wassily Kandinsky, he became convinced that art should be free of representational subject matter when he?

mistook an upside-down painting of his for an unfamiliar work of spectacular beauty

Which of the following artists was a Realist?

Gustave Courbet

The term Post-Impressionism refers to?

a neutral term describing the varied directions of a few artists who both accepted and rejected some of the aims of Impressionism

Edouard Manet "borrowed" the composition of his painting Le Déjeuner sur l'herbe (Luncheon on the Grass) from?

Renaissance works of art

Pointillism is a technique developed by?

Georges Seurat

If Fauvism's mission was to liberate color from its descriptive role, Cubism's initial aim was?

1) to find a way of representing the fact that human perception involves multiple viewpoints, 2) to invent a new system for depicting form and space on a flat surface, 3) to reduce the role of color to a minimum

Hinduism and Buddhism?

both have a belief in the cyclical nature of time

Buddhism is based on the insight that?

we are kept chained to the world by desire

The landscapes of the Song dynasty, especially those of Li Cheng, often had the following characteristics:

a vertical format, shrouding mists, and flowing water

Zen priest-painters used a painting technique called haboku, "splashed ink," as a metaphor to express?

sudden enlightenment

Henri Matisse was told by Gustave Moreau, his teacher at the Ecole des Beaux-Arts, "You were born to ______________."

simplify painting

The Aborigines of Australia?

arrived by sea as early as 50,000 years ago from Southeast Asia

The monumental sculptures of Easter Island?

were carved from volcanic stone in the island's mountains

The ability to decipher Mayan writing has shifted our understanding of Mayan art. Whereas scholars previously believed Mayan art's purpose was to ________, they now believe it to have been ___________.

present stories of the gods / almost entirely concerned with history

A kiva is a large, underground ceremonial chamber of the ___________ people.

Anasazi

One god in the Aztec pantheon was Quetzalcoatl, who played an important role in the survival of this culture by?

bringing rain & water through windstorms

The Moche of South America left a substantial record of art that includes?

tens of thousands of ceramic objects, often depicting kneeling warriors

The artistic recycling of existing images is an aspect of?

Appropriation / Postmodern Art

Artist Jean-Michel Basquiat?

Elevated street art and graffiti in the art world

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