The term New York School refers to a postwar art movement that?
was a convenient way to lump together the Abstract Expressionists.
The "Woman" series of paintings by Willem de Kooning caused a stir in the art world. They were?
seen as shocking and brutal
The Guerrilla Girls use posters and on-site appearances to
bring attention to gender inequalities in the art world
Jasper Johns chose familiar images for his subject matter so that he could then concentrate on all of the following EXCEPT?
the psychological use of color
One of the ideas behind Postmodernism is pluralism, which proposes that art?
can take many directions at the same time, all of them equally valid
The term action painting refers to the fact that this new type of painting?
traced the actions of the painter
Minimalism, a trend that coexisted with Pop, emphasized a continuation of the exploration of non-representation and the idea that a painting is primarily?
a physical object
Early Conceptualists reacted to the burgeoning art market by?
attempting to eliminate the art object
A Neo-Dada artist who made art from "found" materials and images and named his new art form combine paintings is?
In Joseph Kosuth's One and Three Chairs, the viewer is presented with?
three ways of documenting an idea
Anselm Kiefer was one of the most talked about of the Neo-Expressionists. His work?
dealt directly with the trauma of Germany's past
Allan Kaprow took art in a new direction with happenings. His primary claim was?
that art was most like life itself
The first national art museum opened in 1793. This museum, still in operation today, is?
the Louvre in Paris
Which art movement was directly influenced by Sigmund Freud's theories of the unconscious?
In their paintings, the Impressionists often focused on?
scenes of leisure involving the middle class
A major influence upon European culture of the 19th century, one that gave rise to an expanding middle class, was?
the Industrial Revolution
Edouard Manet considered the annual Salon of Paris to be an artist's only true "field of battle." What was the Salon of Paris?
A juried exhibition sponsored by the French government
The recent manufacture of oil paint in tubes made it possible for 19th-century European artists to make painting a portable activity. The spontaneity and directness of painting outdoors is evident in works by _____________ artists.
Which of the following is an American artist?
George Caleb Bingham, Mary Cassatt, Thomas Eakins, Henry Ossawa Tanner
Marcel Duchamp created a new art form in which the artist makes nothing, but merely labels an object as art. He called this art form?
How did Impressionism get its name?
A critic used the term to degrade the movement after seeing the painting Impression: Sunrise, and it caught on.
Paul Cézanne's emphasis on structure in painting was a direct influence in the development of?
According to Wassily Kandinsky, he became convinced that art should be free of representational subject matter when he?
mistook an upside-down painting of his for an unfamiliar work of spectacular beauty
The term Post-Impressionism refers to?
a neutral term describing the varied directions of a few artists who both accepted and rejected some of the aims of Impressionism
Edouard Manet "borrowed" the composition of his painting Le Déjeuner sur l'herbe (Luncheon on the Grass) from?
Renaissance works of art
If Fauvism's mission was to liberate color from its descriptive role, Cubism's initial aim was?
1) to find a way of representing the fact that human perception involves multiple viewpoints, 2) to invent a new system for depicting form and space on a flat surface, 3) to reduce the role of color to a minimum
The landscapes of the Song dynasty, especially those of Li Cheng, often had the following characteristics:
a vertical format, shrouding mists, and flowing water
Zen priest-painters used a painting technique called haboku, "splashed ink," as a metaphor to express?
Henri Matisse was told by Gustave Moreau, his teacher at the Ecole des Beaux-Arts, "You were born to ______________."
The monumental sculptures of Easter Island?
were carved from volcanic stone in the island's mountains
The ability to decipher Mayan writing has shifted our understanding of Mayan art. Whereas scholars previously believed Mayan art's purpose was to ________, they now believe it to have been ___________.
present stories of the gods / almost entirely concerned with history
One god in the Aztec pantheon was Quetzalcoatl, who played an important role in the survival of this culture by?
bringing rain & water through windstorms
The Moche of South America left a substantial record of art that includes?
tens of thousands of ceramic objects, often depicting kneeling warriors