7 Written questions
6 Multiple choice questions
- The US strategy towards Communism was containment. In Korea, the North wanted to communism, but the South did not. In order to keep communism contained, the US helped S. Korea. After years of fighting, the countries agreed to keep Korea split between Communist North and Non-Communist South. In Vietnam, the US tried to stop the spread of Communism because they believed that if South Vietnam fell, then the rest of South East Asia would. They sent supplies, trained soldiers, and sent money. Then US ships were attacked at the Gulf of Tonkin which made them get directly involved. After a decade of fighting, the US withdrew and the Vietminh reunited the country under Communism.
- The allies attacked Germany from all sides. The bad weather during the German invasion of the Soviet Union also weakened the German army, but the strategy was to surround and close-in on Germany.
- General MacArthur was the commander of the US troops in the Pacific during WWII. He is identified with the Pacific region, especially Japan. His role after the war was that he helped rebuild the entire nation of Japan.
- The allies pursued an island-hopping strategy in order to weaken Japanese defense. The islands of Iwo Jima and Okinawa were islands close enough to the mainland Japan to launch a land/water (amphibious) assault.
- Women and African Americans worked in the factories while men were at war. Demobilization was when factories went from making war products to making house-hold products. Demobilization refers to the process of going back to normalcy. After the war, people had money saved up and houses were built very cheaply so many newly middle-class people moved to the suburbs.
- Containment is the US foreign policy during the Cold War that sought to prevent the expansion of Soviet Communism. The main cause of the Cold was that the Soviet Union wanted to spread Communism, especially in Eastern Europe and Asia after the Nazi and Japanese empires fell.
6 True/False questions
What was the US foreign policy after WWI (not WWII)? Why did America follow this policy? → The US foreign policy after WWI was isolationism (withdrawal from world affairs). It was the policy of avoiding involvement in the affairs of other nations. America followed this policy because they had just gotten out of a huge war and people thought the US should worry about itself.]
What did JFK and LBJ want to fix with their New Frontier and Great Society? What did they achieve? What limited their success? → Franco led conservative military men who felt threatened by 1931 Spanish Constitutional reforms. He led the fascist army to overthrow the government in 1936, which started a civil war. Germany and Italy supported the Fascists, while Russia supported the Loyalists (remember Communists hate fascists).
What were the ways that African Americans were prohibited from voting? What were the legal ways for first giving African Americans the right to vote and protecting it later (Includes Acts and Amendments)? → African Americans were prohibited from voting with literacy tests (which were questions asked mostly to Black Americans about very specific parts of the Constitution), poll taxes (a charge to vote meant to stop the poorest from voting), and the grandfather clause (only those whose grandparents were legally allowed to vote would currently be allowed to vote). The 15th Amendment first gave African Americans the right to vote, but was strengthened in the Voting Rights Act of 1965 (which made voter registration a federal, not a local, issue), and the 24th Amendment (which banned polled taxes in federal elections).
How did the media influence the Vietnam War? → Americans turned against the war because of the media. The media focused on how the war was being fought, not necessarily the results.
War Reparations and their effects → ...
Describe how the Cold War heated back up from détente then thawed (what happened in the later 70s and 80s). → Containment is the US foreign policy during the Cold War that sought to prevent the expansion of Soviet Communism. The main cause of the Cold was that the Soviet Union wanted to spread Communism, especially in Eastern Europe and Asia after the Nazi and Japanese empires fell.