7 Written Questions
6 Multiple Choice Questions
- (1968-1974) Nixon- promised things the Southerners would like and got the support of the middle-class Silent Majority. (1974-1977) Ford- became president when Nixon resigned. (1977-1981) Carter- Won the election because he was an outsider. He wasn't involved with any of the troubles in Washington. (1981-1988) Reagan- Accused Carter of being a weak leader; Carter was very unpopular. (1988-1992) Bush- won because the Democrats were disorganized. He was the VP to the very popular Reagan. (1992-2000) Clinton- Called for government renewal. Very charming during the campaign. He was reelected because he was able to be an effective Democratic president working with Congress.
- Women and African Americans worked in the factories while men were at war. Demobilization was when factories went from making war products to making house-hold products. Demobilization refers to the process of going back to normalcy. After the war, people had money saved up and houses were built very cheaply so many newly middle-class people moved to the suburbs.
- The US strategy towards Communism was containment. In Korea, the North wanted to communism, but the South did not. In order to keep communism contained, the US helped S. Korea. After years of fighting, the countries agreed to keep Korea split between Communist North and Non-Communist South. In Vietnam, the US tried to stop the spread of Communism because they believed that if South Vietnam fell, then the rest of South East Asia would. They sent supplies, trained soldiers, and sent money. Then US ships were attacked at the Gulf of Tonkin which made them get directly involved. After a decade of fighting, the US withdrew and the Vietminh reunited the country under Communism.
- African Americans were prohibited from voting with literacy tests (which were questions asked mostly to Black Americans about very specific parts of the Constitution), poll taxes (a charge to vote meant to stop the poorest from voting), and the grandfather clause (only those whose grandparents were legally allowed to vote would currently be allowed to vote). The 15th Amendment first gave African Americans the right to vote, but was strengthened in the Voting Rights Act of 1965 (which made voter registration a federal, not a local, issue), and the 24th Amendment (which banned polled taxes in federal elections).
- Franco led conservative military men who felt threatened by 1931 Spanish Constitutional reforms. He led the fascist army to overthrow the government in 1936, which started a civil war. Germany and Italy supported the Fascists, while Russia supported the Loyalists (remember Communists hate fascists).
- Occurred on June 6, 1944. It was the Allied invasion of the German controlled French coast. After the successful operation, the Allies could move into the rest of Europe and close-in on the rest of Germany.
6 True/False Questions
Describe how the Cold War heated back up from détente then thawed (what happened in the later 70s and 80s). → Containment is the US foreign policy during the Cold War that sought to prevent the expansion of Soviet Communism. The main cause of the Cold was that the Soviet Union wanted to spread Communism, especially in Eastern Europe and Asia after the Nazi and Japanese empires fell.
Be able to recreate your Cold War Effects Web. → US had loaned $10 billion to allies during WWII. Allied nations paid for the debt by collecting reparations from Germany. Germany couldn't keep up with the payments, which led to discontent (unhappiness) in Germany and allowed a leader like Hitler to become popular.
How did the Allies defeat Germany (know how to illustrate this as well)? → The allies attacked Germany from all sides. The bad weather during the German invasion of the Soviet Union also weakened the German army, but the strategy was to surround and close-in on Germany.
What was the US foreign policy after WWI (not WWII)? Why did America follow this policy? → The US foreign policy after WWI was isolationism (withdrawal from world affairs). It was the policy of avoiding involvement in the affairs of other nations. America followed this policy because they had just gotten out of a huge war and people thought the US should worry about itself.]
How did the media influence the Vietnam War? → US had loaned $10 billion to allies during WWII. Allied nations paid for the debt by collecting reparations from Germany. Germany couldn't keep up with the payments, which led to discontent (unhappiness) in Germany and allowed a leader like Hitler to become popular.
What did JFK and LBJ want to fix with their New Frontier and Great Society? What did they achieve? What limited their success? → The New Frontier refers to Kennedy's domestic policy. He hoped to fix high unemployment and inflation, while helping the disadvantaged. JFK was killed before he could accomplish much. Johnson's Great Society was a plan for America to be a place without poverty and racial injustice. He focused on poverty, healthcare, education, and civil rights. He was immensely successful. His most lasting impact was Medicare, Medicaid, HeadStart, VISTA, and Civil Rights Act of 1964 (which prohibited discrimination based on race or color). He met some resistance from the Republican controlled Congress.