7 Written Questions
6 Multiple Choice Questions
- Ford tried to continue the policy of détente after Nixon, but the Soviets had invaded Afghanistan. In response, the US boycotted the 1980 Olympics in Moscow and cut off grain sales. When Gorbachev was elected, he promised reforms and was willing to meet with US presidents. Tensions eased as the Soviet Union entered a period of glasnost and perestroika (openness and reform).
- African Americans were prohibited from voting with literacy tests (which were questions asked mostly to Black Americans about very specific parts of the Constitution), poll taxes (a charge to vote meant to stop the poorest from voting), and the grandfather clause (only those whose grandparents were legally allowed to vote would currently be allowed to vote). The 15th Amendment first gave African Americans the right to vote, but was strengthened in the Voting Rights Act of 1965 (which made voter registration a federal, not a local, issue), and the 24th Amendment (which banned polled taxes in federal elections).
- The significance of the Battle of the Bulge was that the Allies had beaten Germany's final offensive of WWII. Allies could then defeat Germany and end the Western (European) front of the war.
- The allies pursued an island-hopping strategy in order to weaken Japanese defense. The islands of Iwo Jima and Okinawa were islands close enough to the mainland Japan to launch a land/water (amphibious) assault.
- (1968-1974) Nixon- promised things the Southerners would like and got the support of the middle-class Silent Majority. (1974-1977) Ford- became president when Nixon resigned. (1977-1981) Carter- Won the election because he was an outsider. He wasn't involved with any of the troubles in Washington. (1981-1988) Reagan- Accused Carter of being a weak leader; Carter was very unpopular. (1988-1992) Bush- won because the Democrats were disorganized. He was the VP to the very popular Reagan. (1992-2000) Clinton- Called for government renewal. Very charming during the campaign. He was reelected because he was able to be an effective Democratic president working with Congress.
6 True/False Questions
Working conditions during WWII (Who worked in the factories? What was demobilization? What was American society like after WWII- like where did people live and what were Americans economic conditions during the fifties?) → Women and African Americans worked in the factories while men were at war. Demobilization was when factories went from making war products to making house-hold products. Demobilization refers to the process of going back to normalcy. After the war, people had money saved up and houses were built very cheaply so many newly middle-class people moved to the suburbs.
What was Normandy/D-Day/Operation Overlord? How was this part of the Allies plan to stop Germany? → Occurred on June 6, 1944. It was the Allied invasion of the German controlled French coast. After the successful operation, the Allies could move into the rest of Europe and close-in on the rest of Germany.
What did JFK and LBJ want to fix with their New Frontier and Great Society? What did they achieve? What limited their success? → The New Frontier refers to Kennedy's domestic policy. He hoped to fix high unemployment and inflation, while helping the disadvantaged. JFK was killed before he could accomplish much. Johnson's Great Society was a plan for America to be a place without poverty and racial injustice. He focused on poverty, healthcare, education, and civil rights. He was immensely successful. His most lasting impact was Medicare, Medicaid, HeadStart, VISTA, and Civil Rights Act of 1964 (which prohibited discrimination based on race or color). He met some resistance from the Republican controlled Congress.
Describe the policy of Containment and the main causes of the Cold War. → Americans turned against the war because of the media. The media focused on how the war was being fought, not necessarily the results.
Describe the African American Civil Rights Movement in America. How did it start? What were the highlights of the movement? What tactics did African Americans use? → Containment is the US foreign policy during the Cold War that sought to prevent the expansion of Soviet Communism. The main cause of the Cold was that the Soviet Union wanted to spread Communism, especially in Eastern Europe and Asia after the Nazi and Japanese empires fell.
Who was General McArthur? With what region of the world is he most closely identified? What was his role in Japan after? → Women and African Americans worked in the factories while men were at war. Demobilization was when factories went from making war products to making house-hold products. Demobilization refers to the process of going back to normalcy. After the war, people had money saved up and houses were built very cheaply so many newly middle-class people moved to the suburbs.