7 Written Questions
6 Multiple Choice Questions
- Ford tried to continue the policy of détente after Nixon, but the Soviets had invaded Afghanistan. In response, the US boycotted the 1980 Olympics in Moscow and cut off grain sales. When Gorbachev was elected, he promised reforms and was willing to meet with US presidents. Tensions eased as the Soviet Union entered a period of glasnost and perestroika (openness and reform).
- Americans turned against the war because of the media. The media focused on how the war was being fought, not necessarily the results.
- Women and African Americans worked in the factories while men were at war. Demobilization was when factories went from making war products to making house-hold products. Demobilization refers to the process of going back to normalcy. After the war, people had money saved up and houses were built very cheaply so many newly middle-class people moved to the suburbs.
- Occurred on June 6, 1944. It was the Allied invasion of the German controlled French coast. After the successful operation, the Allies could move into the rest of Europe and close-in on the rest of Germany.
- General MacArthur was the commander of the US troops in the Pacific during WWII. He is identified with the Pacific region, especially Japan. His role after the war was that he helped rebuild the entire nation of Japan.
- The allies pursued an island-hopping strategy in order to weaken Japanese defense. The islands of Iwo Jima and Okinawa were islands close enough to the mainland Japan to launch a land/water (amphibious) assault.
6 True/False Questions
What did JFK and LBJ want to fix with their New Frontier and Great Society? What did they achieve? What limited their success? → The New Frontier refers to Kennedy's domestic policy. He hoped to fix high unemployment and inflation, while helping the disadvantaged. JFK was killed before he could accomplish much. Johnson's Great Society was a plan for America to be a place without poverty and racial injustice. He focused on poverty, healthcare, education, and civil rights. He was immensely successful. His most lasting impact was Medicare, Medicaid, HeadStart, VISTA, and Civil Rights Act of 1964 (which prohibited discrimination based on race or color). He met some resistance from the Republican controlled Congress.
War Reparations and their effects → ...
Describe the African American Civil Rights Movement in America. How did it start? What were the highlights of the movement? What tactics did African Americans use? → Containment is the US foreign policy during the Cold War that sought to prevent the expansion of Soviet Communism. The main cause of the Cold was that the Soviet Union wanted to spread Communism, especially in Eastern Europe and Asia after the Nazi and Japanese empires fell.
Be able to recreate your Cold War Effects Web. → US had loaned $10 billion to allies during WWII. Allied nations paid for the debt by collecting reparations from Germany. Germany couldn't keep up with the payments, which led to discontent (unhappiness) in Germany and allowed a leader like Hitler to become popular.
Describe the policy of Containment and the main causes of the Cold War. → Americans turned against the war because of the media. The media focused on how the war was being fought, not necessarily the results.
What was the US foreign policy after WWI (not WWII)? Why did America follow this policy? → The US foreign policy after WWI was isolationism (withdrawal from world affairs). It was the policy of avoiding involvement in the affairs of other nations. America followed this policy because they had just gotten out of a huge war and people thought the US should worry about itself.]