Produce H+1 ions in aqueous solutions
Arrhenius definition of an acid
Produce OH-1 ions in aqueous solutions
Arrhenius definition of a base
Strong acids and bases dissolve completely in water, weak acids and bases don't
What is the difference between strong acids and bases and weak acids and bases?
Proton (H+) donor
Bronsted-Lowry definition of an acid
Bronsted-Lowry definition of a base
Equilibrium goes to right, almost all of the acid dissociates, has a relatively weak base, lots of ions are present
What are the characteristics of a strong acid?
Equilibrium goes to left, only about 1% of the acid dissociates, has a relatively strong conjugate acid, only a few ions are present
What are the characteristics of a weak acid?
Resists a change in pH even when a strong acid or base is added to it
What is a buffered solution?