Chapters 12-14

99 terms by mrc13b2006 

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anosmia

loss of smell.

bronchiectasis

Caused by weakening of the bronchial wall from infection.

bronchiolitis

Inflammation of the bronchiole.

bronchodilator

Drug that causes dilation/enlargement of the opening of the bronchus to improve ventilation.

diaphragm

Muscle separating the chest and abdomen.

dyspnea

Shortness of breath (abnormal breathing).

epiglottis

Lid like piece of cartilage that covers the Larynx, preventing food from entering the larynx and trachea during swallowing.

hemoptysis

Spitting up of blood.

hypercapnia

Condition where there is to much carbon dioxide in the blood.

laryngeal

Pertaining to the Larynx

mediastinum

Region between the lungs in the chest cavity (Contains the trachea, heart, aorta) etc.

pharyngeal

Pertaining to the Pharynx.

pleuritis

Inflammation of the pleura.

pneumonectomy

Surgical removal of a lung.

pulmonary parenchyma

Essential tissue of the lung.

pyothorax

Empyema of the chest.

rhinoplasty

Surgical repair of the nose.

spirometer

An apparatus for measuring the volume of air inspired and expired by the lungs.

thoracotomy

Large surgical incision of the chest.

tracheotomy

incision necessary to create a tracheostomy.

myeloma

Cancer of plasma cells.

erythropoiesis

The process by which red blood cells are produced.

bilirubin

Is a yellowish pigment found in bile, a fluid made by the liver. It is produced when the liver breaks down old red blood cells.

fibrinogen

A protein produced by the liver. This protein helps stop bleeding by helping blood clots to form.

platelet

An irregularly shaped cell-like particle in the blood that is an important part of blood clotting.

poikilocytosis

Abnormally shaped red blood cells

leukapheresis

The removal of a quantity of white blood cells from the blood of a donor with the remaining portions of the blood retransfused into the donor.

thalassemia

A blood disorder passed down through families (inherited) in which the body makes an abnormal form of hemoglobin.

thrombocytopenia

Disorder in which there is an abnormally low amount of platelets.

coagulation

Process by which blood forms clots.

macrophage

Monocyte that migrates from the blood to tissue spaces. It is a phagocyte that engulfs foreign material.

neutrophil

A phagocytic tissue-fighting cell.

albumin

Protein in blood; maintains the proper amount of water in the blood.

pernicious anemia

Caused when the body does not make enough red blood cells due to lack of vitamin B12.

palliative

Relieving symptoms, but not curing the disease.

myleogenous

A cancer of the white blood cells.

immunoglobin

Any of a group of large glycoproteins that are secreted by plasma cells and that function as antibodies in the immune system.

polycythemia vera

General increase in red blood cells.

Adenoids

Lymphatic tissue in the nasopharynx.

Alveolus

Air sac in the lung.

Apex of the lung

Tip or uppermost portion of the lung.

Base of the lung

Lower portion of the lung.

Bronchioles

Smallest branches of the bronchi.

Bronchus

Branch of the trachea that is a passageway into the lung; bronchial tube.

Cilia

Thin hairs attached to the mucous membrane epithelium lining the respiratory tract.

Expiration

Breathing out

Glottis

Slit-like opening to the larynx

hilum

Midline region where the bronchi, blood vessels, and nerves enter and exit the lungs.

inspiration

Breathing in.

Larynx

Voice Box; containing the vocal cord.

Lobe

Division of a lung.

Nares

Openings through the nose carrying air into the nasal cavities.

Palatine tonsil

One of a pair of almond-shaped masses of lymphatic tissue in the oropharynx.

Paranasal sinus

One of the air cavities in the bones near the nose.

Pharynx

Throat

Antigen

Substance (usually foreign) that stimulates the production of an antibody.

Electrophoresis

Method of separating serum proteins by electrical charge.

Eosinophil

White blood cell containing granules that stain red.

Fibrin

Protein threads that form the basis of a blood clot.

Fibrinogen

Plasma protein that is converted to fibrin in the clotting process.

Hemolysis

Destruction or breakdown of blood.

Erythroblast

Immature red blood cells.

Neutropenia

A condition of an abnormally low number of neutrophils (white blood cells).

Myeloid

Derived from, or resembling bone marrow or the spinal cord.

Axillary Nodes

Lymph nodes in the armpit.

Cervical Nodes

Lymph nodes in the neck region.

Cytotoxic T Cell

T lymphocyte that directly kills foreign cells.

Helper T cell

Lymphocyte that aids B cells and cytotoxic T cells in recognizing antigens and stimulating antibody production.

Immunoglobulins

Antibodies that are secreted by plasma cells in response to the presence of an antigen.

Inguinal Nodes

Lymph nodes in the groin region.

Interferons

Proteins secreted by T cells to aid and regulate the immune response.

Interstitial Fluid

Fluid in the spaces between cells.

Lymph Capillaries

Tiniest lymphatic vessels.

Lymph Nodes

A collection of stationary solid lymphatic tissue alone lymph vessels.

Mediastinal Nodes

Lymph nodes in the area between the lungs in the thoracic cavity.

Plasma Cell

Lymphocyte that produces and secretes antibodies.

Right lymphatic duct

Large lymphatic vessel in the chest that receives lymph from the upper right part of the body.

Spleen

Organ near the stomach produces, stores, and eliminates blood cells.

Suppressor T cell

Lymphocyte that inhibits the activity of B and T lymphocytes.

Thoracic duct

Large Lymphatic vessel in the chest that receives lymph from below the diaphragm and from the left side of the body and above the diaphragm.

Thymus Gland

Organ in the mediastinum that conditions T lymphocytes to react to foreign cells and aide in the immune response.

Toxin

Poison; a protein produced by certain bacteria, animals, or plants.

Immun/o

Protection

Splen/o

Spleen

Thym/o

Thymus Gland

Inter

Between

Hyper

Above; excessive.

Edema

Swelling

Inguin/o

Groin

Tox/o

Poison

Axill/o

Armpit

Cervic/o

neck; cervix (neck of the uterus)

Pathy

Disease

Lymphaden/o

Lymph gland

Penia

Deficiency

Poiesis

Formation

Phylaxis

Protection

Oid

Resembling; derived from

Retro

Behind; backward

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