Aztecs 24 25

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57 terms · Aztec questions that may be answered after studying chs. 24 and 25 in History Alive.

Aztecs

A Mesoamerican culture who built a vast empire in central Mexico.

Lake Texcoco

Aztec legend states that their priests saw an eagle with a snake in its beak on an island in this lake.

Tenochtitlan

Aztec city meaning "the place of the fruit of the prickly pear cactus"

Mexica

As a nomadic band of hunter gatherers, the Aztecs originally called themselves this name

mercenary

a soldier who is paid to fight for another country or group

alliance

a group of countries, city-states, or other entities who agree to work together, often to fight common enemies

plaza

place where the Aztecs gathered in the center of Tenochtitlan for religious rituals, feasts, and festivals

causeway

a raised road built across water or low ground

Five million

At its height, the Aztec empire included this many people

early 1500s

The Aztec empire was at its largest and strongest during this period of time

tribute

The Aztecs relied upon this form of payment from the surrounding people

Huitzilopochtli

The Aztecs believed that this chief god required human blood for survival

Five main classes

Aztec society was divided into this number of classes

The Ruler

the top of the Aztec hierarchy

The Ruler

this position was not hereditary

hereditary

passed on from parent to child; inherited

semidivine

more than human but not fully a god

government officials, priests, and military leaders

the Aztec noble class consisted of these three groups

pochteca

the highest class of commoners (traders) were called

pochteca

lived in a separate section of Tenochtitlan and paid taxes with rare goods

commoners

craftspeople and artisans like potters and jewelers were members of this social class

commoners

most farmers, fishers, laborers and servants were members of this social class

calpulli

a neighborhood that is a political unit within a city

calpulli or ward

plots of farm land were loaned to commoners by this group

prisoners of war, lawbreakers, and debtors

slaves included these three groups

peasants

free people who were considered inferior to commoners

peasants

this group was not loaned land by the calpulli so they hired out their services to nobles

the groom's family

chose the bride for an Aztec marriage

matchmaker

an older woman who was hired to help arrange an Aztec marriage

polygamy

marriage practice in which a man or a woman has more than one spouse

dowry

a gift of money or goods presented to a man or a woman upon marriage

the bride's family

this family set a dowry before the marriage

physical abuse, desertion, failure to support

Accepted reasons for Aztec women to divorce men

neglect home duties, have a poor temper, produce no children

Accepted reasons for an Aztec man to divorce a woman

to bear and care for children

Aztecs believed this was a woman's most important job

to be a soldier

commoner boys trained at school for this task

to be priests, government officials, or military commanders

sons of nobles learned these three skills at their school

maize

this food was the mainstay of the Aztec diet

winged ants and an axolotl (lizardlike creature)

wealthy Aztecs might eat these two prized delicacies

Barter or trade

Instead of a money exchange, Aztecs used this practice within the market

the sun god or Huitziilopochtli

the Aztec chief god

nourish or "feed" the god blood

Aztecs believed that this was the way to keep their sun god strong

warriors captured in battle

Aztecs believed that this group had particularly "strong blood"

cutting off women's heads

Aztecs honored the goddess of corn in this manner

patolli

board game played by the Aztecs

tlachtli

ball game played by the nobility

the world

the tlachtli court represents this

a heavenly body

the ball used in the game of tlachtli represents this

codex

a type of bark-paper book used by the Aztec to record historical, religious, governmental, and scientific knowledge

Mexico City

Tenochtitlan existed near to this modern day city

1.) the ruler; 2.) nobles consisting of government officials, priests, and military leaders; 3.) commoners; 4.) peasants; 5.) slaves

five Aztec classes in order from highest to lowest

Nahuatl

Aztec language

a temple

What building was at the center of Tenochtitlan was the city's most important building?

that the people pay tribute to the Aztec emperor

What did the Aztecs demand of the people they conquered?

A group of advisors would choose the next emperor.

How did the Aztecs choose their emperor?

the priests

Which group of Aztecs studied the sky, predicted the future, and ran the schools?

corn

What is maize?

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