On what continent did the first forms of man evolve?
What form of early man emerged about 100,000 to 400,000 years ago?
The lives of hunter/gatherers depended on what?
animal migration, availibility of crops
Name 3 things which were developed during the Old Stone Age
fire, stone tools, cave art
Early man was able to overcome his physical environment because he developed what?
What is another name for the Old Stone Age?
What does carbon dating do?
tells how old something is
A person who migrates in search of food, water and shelter is ______?
nomadic, hunter gatherer
Name 3 things which developed during the New Stone Age:
agriculture (Neolithic agricultural revolution), domestication of animald (tames, herd), specialization of labor
Who studies past cultures by locating and analyzing human remains, fossils, and artifacts?
What is another name for the New Stone Age?
What effect did agriculture have on how early man lived?
stop being nomadic, permanent settlement, building of civilization
What archaeological site in England was built during the Neolithic period and Bronze Age?
Egypt is located next to what river?
What area is located between the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers?
Fertile Crescent; Mesopotamia
What river valley civilization was located in India?
On what river was China's river civilization located?
Huange He (Yellow River)
The Nile River is located on what continent?
On what continent is Mesopatamia located?
Where did the first civilizations develop?
Where were the "Cradles of Civilization" located?
Who settled between the Mediterranean Sea and Jordan River Valley?
The government of early Mesopotamian civilizations often had a centralized government based on what?
What group settled along the Eastern Mediterranean coast?
What group traded throughout the Mediterranean Sea and on Middle Eastern rivers?
Name two written law codes of the Fertile Crescent.
Hammurabi's Code, Ten Commandments
What type of religion did most people of the Fertile Crescent worship?
What type of religion did Hebrews follow?
Judaism is the foundation of what other religions?
Which civilization was the first to follow one God?
Who led the Hebrews out of the Mesopotamia and helped found the Jewish faith?
What is the written records and beliefs of the Hebrews?
Who led the Jews out of Egypt?
What states the proper moral and religious conduct for Hebrews?
Where were the world's first cities located?
When people do work according to their skills, this is what?
specialization of labor
What is the holy city of the Hebrews?
The Hebrews were captured and taken to Babylon. What is this called?
What civilization used hieroglyphics?
Which civilization developed the alphabet as we know it?
What civilization used cuneiform? What is cuneiform?
Sumerians; clay tablets, syllus carved
The earliest written symbols were called what?
Where did the Persian civilization develop?
How did the Persians treat the people they conquered?
fairly, tolerantly, good
What is bureaucracy?
government of many parts (levels)
What religion did the Persians follow?
What did the Persians do to improve communication and trade in their empire?
Who had the largest civilization in the ancient world before Alexander the Great?
Who invaded and conquered the original Indus River Valley civilization?
What was India's rigidly structured social system based on occupation?
Name 2 geographic barriers which made invading India harder.
mountains and oceans
What mountains are to the west of the Indian sub-continent?
Hindu Kush and Himalayas
During what empire was India's Golden Age of Culture?
Name 2 non-religious contributions of India
textiles, algebra, spices
The Indian cycle of rebirth is called what?
Future reincarnation is based on present behavior is what?
What religion believes in one major deity who takes many forms?
What religion did Siddhartha Gautama found?
What are the 2 main rivers of the Indian subcontinent?
Indus and Greece
The Vedas and Upanishads are the sacred writings of which religion?
What religian did Siddhartha Gautama found?
What does a Buddhist have to do to gain Enlightment?
Follow the Eightfold Path
Who sent missionaries to spread Buddhism throughout Asia?
What are the 2 basic beliefs of Buddhism
Four noble truths and Eightfold Path
Where was Buddhism founded?
What was the religion of classical India?
In what river valley was classical China's civilization located?
From where did invaders enter China?
from the North
Why was the Great Wall built?
as a line of defense against invasions
Who built the Great Wall of China?
Qin Shi Huangdi
What is another name of the Huang He?
The ruling families of China were called what?
Chinese rulers served under the authority of what?
Mandate of Heaven
What connected China to cultures as far away as Rome?
The Silk Road
What fabric did China contribute to the world?
Chinese emperors were considered to be what?
What religion believes that humans are good, not bad?
What represents opposites in Daoism?
Yin and Yang
In what religion do citizens respect their elders and worship their ancestors?
What religion believes in a simple life and inner peace?
Yin and Yang are beliefs from what religion?
What 3 religions are practiced in China?
Buddhism, Confucianism, and Daoism