4-H Horse Kansas Level 1 Testing

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This is the test you must take in order to be elibible to take the catching, handling, saddling, and riding test in order to be eligible to enter the District show in order to be eligible to have a chance to qualify for the state fair...when you are 9.

Star, stripe, snip

half pastern

star and stripe

Blaze

blaze is wider than star, strip, snip, but does not cover eyes

O Ring Snaffle

Mechanical Hackamore

4-H texts believes this would be appropriate for a speed event horse, though this has gone out of style for speed horses years ago, it still might work on a few speed horses.

Sweat Scraper

Used to get excess water or sweat off the body of horse

Saddlebred (American Saddlebred)

US breed, 3 or 5 gaited show horse

Appaloosa

Spots, usually short and stocky.

Arabian

Dish face, delicate boned

Belgian

Small head, thick bodied draft. Always light chestnut with flaxen mane and tail.

Clydesdale

Tall brown draft with significant white markings

Friesian

Always black, very thick mane, tail, feather feet

Halflinger

Elegant, yet muscular, 13-15 hands, always light chestnut with flaxen mane and tail

Miniature Horse

Under 38"

Morgan

Small horse, known for physical toughness, developed by Justin Morgan

Mustang

Free roaming horse of North America descended from horses brought by Spanish explorers

Paint (American Paint Horse)

Coat of at least two different colors, some white above knee

Percheron

Always gray draft

P.O.A. (Pony of the Americas)

Pony between 46" and 56"

Quarter Horse (American Quarter Horse)

First US breed, powerful hindquarters, good at sprinting speed

Standardbred

Used for cart racing on East coast

Tennessee Walking Horse

Used for specific type of showing because it naturally overstrides.

Thoroughbred

Taller, with heavy bone, but lean muscling. Built for distance racing.

Cannon

The lower leg bone below knee or below hock, and above the fetlock joint.

Crest

Upper, curved part of neck, peculiar to stallions.

Croup

Part of the back just in front of the base of the tail.

Gaskin

The muscular part of the hind leg above the hock.

Poll

The top of a horse's head just back of the ears.

Loin

Space between back and hip.

Elbow

Back of shoulder

Arm

Front of shoulder

Nostril

Nasal passage

Stifle

Joint in hip nearest flank

Fetlock

The area just below the ankle in the rear feet

Hock

The upper ankle joint that sticks out on the back leg

Pastern

The narrower area between the ankle and the coronet band

Hoof

The horn or fingernail hard portion of the foot

Throatlatch

The area of the horse where a bridle throatlatch fits

Cheek

The flat, circular part on sides of face

Flank

The area where the belly ties in with the hip

Muzzle

Area with whiskers including lips and nostrils

Knee

The middle joint on the front legs

Gaskin

The muscle that extends on inside and outside from hip to top ankle in rear legs

Withers

the highest part of the back at the base of the neck of a horse

Walk

The mother of all gaits. 1-2-3-4 cadence, slow ground covering

Jog

Trot slower and with less elevation. Cadence 1-2, 1-2

Trot

2 beat gait, diagonal front and hind move together

Lope

Western word for canter.Slower cadence 1-2-3-pause

Canter

Fast 3 beat gait under restraint. 123 pause 123 pause

Gallop

4 Beat gait. Front and opposite hind . Cadence 1234

Back

walk going in reverse direction

How do you approach a horse?

You approach him from the shoulder and genly announce your approach.

When you move from one side of a horse to another, how can you do that safely?

You may either move around closely with your hand on hip and announce your presence. The other option is to go way out around where he could not reach to kick you.

What are some safety guidelinges for riding?

Ride with proper attire and boots. Check your chinch and all equiment before you mount. Maintain horses control during mounting.

Barrel

Abdomen

Foal

male or female under 1 year

Colt

Male foal

Filly

Female foal

Weanling

Weaned foal

Mare

Mature famale horse

Stallion

Intact male horse

Gelding

Castrated male horse

Latigo

4-H guide calls this "front cinch strap"

Fender

part that stirrup hangs from

Swells

4-H study guide calls this "pommel"

skirt

part of saddle behind seat that covers saddle pad

Cantle

Part that rises up behind rider

Jockey

Flap riders leg rests on

How do you walk around a horse?

With hand resting on him or far away out of kicking range.

What safety issues when tying a horse?

Tie in a slipknot 18-24" of slack to solid object.

What should you look for in helmets/vests?

ASTM/SEI certified.

Which side of horse do you lead from?

Left

If you turn more than 90 degrees when leading, you always turn to the ________________

Right

When leading your horse, how much space should be between you and the horse in front of you?

1 horse length

In showmanship, any time your horse is stopped it should be what?

Set up square

Never take your eyes off the ________________

Judge
But keep an eye also on the ring steward

Pattern

The judge might post this. Study it.

Your horse should be_________ and his tail should be _______free.

Clean, tangle

Quarter system

The way that you move around your horse in a showmanship class

Never take your ______hand off the lead rope closest to the horses head.

Right

What clothes do you need for showing English?

Dark jacket, breeches, choker, English boots, derby helmet

seat

area the rider sits on

stirrup

triangular metal piece the rider's foot sits in

stirrup leather

strap that connects the stirrup to the saddle

jockey / skirt

flap of leather that covers the stirrup bar

cantle

back of the seat; curved upward to support the rider

pommel

area in the front of the saddle

flap

part that rider's leg rests on

girth

holds the saddle in place

Caveson

A leather strap that goes over the bridge of a horse's nose to help secure the bridle and help keep the horse mouth closed.

Browband

Part of bridle going across the forehead

Cheek Piece

The part of the bridle which runs across the cheek of the horse, connecting the brow band and nose band.

Crown Piece

The strap of the bridle that goes ove the horses head, behind the ears.

Throat Latch

The strap unnder the horses throat which keeps the bridle in place.

Curb chain

Chin strap

Solid with Blanket

Appaloosa- horse is solid except for white spotted area over rear

Leopard

Appaloosa, white horse, spots all over

Overo

Paint- has darker color OVER(o) the back

Tobiano

Paint- has white marking over the back

Tovero

Cross between Overo and Tobiano

Flickr Creative Commons Images

Some images used in this set are licensed under the Creative Commons through Flickr.com. Click to see the original works with their full license.

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