Star, stripe, snip
star and stripe
blaze is wider than star, strip, snip, but does not cover eyes
O Ring Snaffle
4-H texts believes this would be appropriate for a speed event horse, though this has gone out of style for speed horses years ago, it still might work on a few speed horses.
Used to get excess water or sweat off the body of horse
Saddlebred (American Saddlebred)
US breed, 3 or 5 gaited show horse
Spots, usually short and stocky.
Dish face, delicate boned
Small head, thick bodied draft. Always light chestnut with flaxen mane and tail.
Tall brown draft with significant white markings
Always black, very thick mane, tail, feather feet
Elegant, yet muscular, 13-15 hands, always light chestnut with flaxen mane and tail
Small horse, known for physical toughness, developed by Justin Morgan
Free roaming horse of North America descended from horses brought by Spanish explorers
Paint (American Paint Horse)
Coat of at least two different colors, some white above knee
Always gray draft
P.O.A. (Pony of the Americas)
Pony between 46" and 56"
Quarter Horse (American Quarter Horse)
First US breed, powerful hindquarters, good at sprinting speed
Used for cart racing on East coast
Tennessee Walking Horse
Used for specific type of showing because it naturally overstrides.
Taller, with heavy bone, but lean muscling. Built for distance racing.
The lower leg bone below knee or below hock, and above the fetlock joint.
Upper, curved part of neck, peculiar to stallions.
Part of the back just in front of the base of the tail.
The muscular part of the hind leg above the hock.
The top of a horse's head just back of the ears.
Space between back and hip.
Back of shoulder
Front of shoulder
Joint in hip nearest flank
The area just below the ankle in the rear feet
The upper ankle joint that sticks out on the back leg
The narrower area between the ankle and the coronet band
The horn or fingernail hard portion of the foot
The area of the horse where a bridle throatlatch fits
The flat, circular part on sides of face
The area where the belly ties in with the hip
Area with whiskers including lips and nostrils
The middle joint on the front legs
The muscle that extends on inside and outside from hip to top ankle in rear legs
the highest part of the back at the base of the neck of a horse
The mother of all gaits. 1-2-3-4 cadence, slow ground covering
Trot slower and with less elevation. Cadence 1-2, 1-2
2 beat gait, diagonal front and hind move together
Western word for canter.Slower cadence 1-2-3-pause
Fast 3 beat gait under restraint. 123 pause 123 pause
4 Beat gait. Front and opposite hind . Cadence 1234
walk going in reverse direction
How do you approach a horse?
You approach him from the shoulder and genly announce your approach.
When you move from one side of a horse to another, how can you do that safely?
You may either move around closely with your hand on hip and announce your presence. The other option is to go way out around where he could not reach to kick you.
What are some safety guidelinges for riding?
Ride with proper attire and boots. Check your chinch and all equiment before you mount. Maintain horses control during mounting.
male or female under 1 year
Mature famale horse
Intact male horse
Castrated male horse
4-H guide calls this "front cinch strap"
part that stirrup hangs from
4-H study guide calls this "pommel"
part of saddle behind seat that covers saddle pad
Part that rises up behind rider
Flap riders leg rests on
How do you walk around a horse?
With hand resting on him or far away out of kicking range.
What safety issues when tying a horse?
Tie in a slipknot 18-24" of slack to solid object.
What should you look for in helmets/vests?
Which side of horse do you lead from?
If you turn more than 90 degrees when leading, you always turn to the ________________
When leading your horse, how much space should be between you and the horse in front of you?
1 horse length
In showmanship, any time your horse is stopped it should be what?
Set up square
Never take your eyes off the ________________
But keep an eye also on the ring steward
The judge might post this. Study it.
Your horse should be_________ and his tail should be _______free.
The way that you move around your horse in a showmanship class
Never take your ______hand off the lead rope closest to the horses head.
What clothes do you need for showing English?
Dark jacket, breeches, choker, English boots, derby helmet
area the rider sits on
triangular metal piece the rider's foot sits in
strap that connects the stirrup to the saddle
jockey / skirt
flap of leather that covers the stirrup bar
back of the seat; curved upward to support the rider
area in the front of the saddle
part that rider's leg rests on
holds the saddle in place
A leather strap that goes over the bridge of a horse's nose to help secure the bridle and help keep the horse mouth closed.
Part of bridle going across the forehead
The part of the bridle which runs across the cheek of the horse, connecting the brow band and nose band.
The strap of the bridle that goes ove the horses head, behind the ears.
The strap unnder the horses throat which keeps the bridle in place.
Solid with Blanket
Appaloosa- horse is solid except for white spotted area over rear
Appaloosa, white horse, spots all over
Paint- has darker color OVER(o) the back
Paint- has white marking over the back
Cross between Overo and Tobiano