APUSH Chapter 34

Created by MeganRuffley 

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Bill Clinton

Entered off in January 1993, as the first democratic president since Jimmy Carter and a self-proclaimed activist. He had a very domestic agenda. When in office he had a lot of controversial appointments. When a longtime friend, Vince Foster, committed suicide it sparked an escalating inquiry into some banking and real estate ventures involving the president and his wife in the early 1980s. This became known as the Whitewater affair.

Ross Perot

battled with Clinton over free trade but eventually gave the approval for the North Atlantic Free Trade Agreement.

North American Free Trade Agreement

Eliminated most trade barriers among the United States, Canada, and Mexico.

General Agreement on Trade and Tariffs

Clinton was able to get this passed after NAFTA, it was a far-reaching trade agreement.

Hilary Rodham Clinton

Proposed a sweeping reform designed to guarentee coverage to every American and hold down the costs of medical care. The Clinton Health Plan relied heavily on exiting institutitutions.

Bosnia

A new nation that quickly became embroiled in a bloody civil war between muslims and christians. United States sent a negotiator to settle the struggle, Richard Holbrooke, who brought the warring parties together and crafted an agreement to patition Bosnia.

Newt Gingrich

Controversial republican speaker of the house who quickly became one of the most unpopular politicals leaders in the nations.

Monica Lewinsky

In early 1998, inquiries led to charges that the president had had a sexual relationship with a young White House intern, Monica Lewinsky; that he had lied about in his deposition before Paula Jones's attorneys and that he had encouraged Lewinsky to do the same.

Kenneth Starr

A former judge and official in Reagans Justice Dept. who was under investigation after the Monica Lewinsky scandal

Clinton Impeachment

after Clinton confessed before a jury that he and Lewinsky had an improper relationship, the prospect of impeachment became an issue, especially in the congressional elections. The House narrowly approved 2 counts of impeachment; lying to the grand jury and obstructing justice, and the matter moved to the Senate where a trial continued for weeks without generating any significant public support. It ended with a decisive acquittal of the president.

Saddam Hussein

President of Iraq with whom the Unites States had problems with because he balked at the agreements he had signed at the end of the Gulf War and refused t permit international inspectors to examine military sites in his country.

Kosovo

A province of Serbian dominated Yugoslavia where a civil war broke out between them adn Serbians. When the United States joined with them and led a bombing against the Serbians, the Serbian leader, Slobodan Milosevic, took a little more than a week to agree to cease fire.

Election 2000

between George W. Bush and Al Gore; Bush narrowly won election; the closest election since 1876 and only the fourth election in which the electoral vote did not reflect the popular vote. In Florida there was mutiple recounts because of the voting machines. These machines were inaccurate because they were punch cards and if not punched thoughroly the vote is not counted. So recounts were demanded frequently. The Secratary of State for the republican campainge was Katherane Harris. She refused to authorize the recounts and declined to extend a deadline for making an official certification.

Bush v. Gore

Stopped recount because the recounts violated the equal protection clause as all voters in the state were not being treated the same way.

Alan Greenspan

Most powerful figure in the American economy as the chairman of the Federal Board. He warned in 1999 of the "irrational exuberance" with which Americans were pursuing profits in the stock market.

Enron Corporation

An energy -trading company based in Houstn that had claimed to be the seventh-largest company in America and the worlds largest energy merchant. In December 2001 they declared bankruptcy. Arthur Anderson, the Enron accountant came unter intense public and legal scrutiny for failing to give reliable accounts of the corporate finances he was supposed to monitor.

Human Genome Project

Set out to identify all of the more 100,000 genes by 2005. But new technologies and more competition drove to project to finish early. In 1998, they announced they be finished by 2003.

Dolly

A cloned sheep in Scotland that scientists announced in 1997.

Stem-Cell research

research involving in vitro fertilization which is when couples concieve a child outside the womb using the eggs and sperm. Showed promising signs of offering cures for Parkinson's disease, AlS and many more.

Graying of America

When the nations birthrate declined and the American population began to age drastically. Almost 13 percent of the population was 65 or older.

Los Angelos riots

When a videotape of Los Angelos police officers beating a black bystander, Rodney King, got out, it provoked outrage throughout whites and blacks alike. The officers were acquitted, however. Black residents in South Central Los Angelos erupted in anger and started one of the largests racial disturbances of the twentieth centuries. More than 50 people died.

O.J. Simpson Trial

A former football star who was acused of murdering his former wife and a young man in Los Angelos in 1994. He was eventually acquitted in the fall of 1995. This trial brought on a lot of racial tensions because most whites believed he was guitly while most blacks believed he was innocent.

War on Drugs

Government efforts to stop drug imports and reduce demand.

AIDS Epidemic

A lethal disease that is the product of the HIV virus, which is exchanged through bodily fluids. The virus destroys the body's immune system.

Right-to-Life Movement

The opposition to abortion spurted this movement. It had large religous backers from the Christian and Catholic churches. The oppostition to this was the Pro-Choice Movement, which highlighted the women's right to choose whether and when to bear a child.

Webster v. Reproductive Health Services

Upheld a Missouri law that forbade any institution recieving state funds from preforming abortions, whether of not those funds were used to fund abortions.

Clarence Thomas

President Bush's nominee for a seat on the Surpreme Court. Late in the confirmation's proceedings, accusations of sexual harassment from Anita Hill, a law professor and former employee of him, became public. Hill's testimony before the Senate Judiciary Committee dramatically polarized bth the Senate and the nation.

Love Canal

A town in upstate New York where it was discovered large amounts of toxic waste were being disposed of improperly. Another enviormental catastophes was a frightening accident at a Nuclear Power Plant on Three Mile Island.

The "Culture Wars"

Battle over multiculturalism, which meant different things for different people. Its core effort was to legitimize the cultural pluralism of the rapidly diversifying American population.

Multiculturalism

Meant different things for different people. Its core effort was to legitimize the cultural pluralism of the rapidly diversifying American population.

Political Correctness

By which feminists, cultural radicals, and others introduced a new form of intolerance to public discourse in the name of defending the rights of women and minorities.

The "New World Order"

The opposition to globalization, as George H. W. Bush once called it. It was als the nation's increasingly interventionist foreign policy was deeply troubling. Others said it was the United States was using military action to advance its economic interests.

World Trade Organization

Monitored the enforcement of the GATT treaties of the 1990s.

International Monetary Fund

Controlled the international credit and exchange rates.

World Trade Center Bombing of 1993

when a bomb exploded here in a parking garage. It killed six people and caused some structural damage to the towers. Several Islamic men were convicted of the crime.

Timothy McVeigh

In April 1995, a van containing explosives blew up in front of a federal building in Oklahoma City, killing 168 people. This man, a former marine who had become part of a militant anti-government movement on the right, was convicted of the crime and eventually executed in 2001.

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