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Basal layer

deepest region of the epidermis

collagen

structural protein found in the skin and connective tissue

cuticle

A band of epidermis at the base and side of the nail plate

dermis

the middle layer of the skin is te corium

keratine

protein found in hair and nails

lipocyte

fat cell

lunula

the half moon shaped, white area at the base of the nail

melanin

A black prigment found in the epidermis is

sebum

oily secretion of the sebaceous gland

stratum corneum

Outermost layer of the epidermis, which consists of flattened, keratinized (horny) cells.

the outermost layer of skin

EPIDERMIS

profuse sweating

diaphoresis

excessive secretion from sebaceous glands

SEBORRHEA

inflammation and swelling of soft tissue around a nail

PARONYCHIA

fungal infection of the skin

Dermatophytosis

Burning sensation in the skin

causalgia

surgical repair of the skin

DERMATOPLASTY

pertaining to under the skin

SUBCUTANEOUS

abnormal condition of lack of sweat

ANHIDROSIS

abnormal condition of proliferation of keratinized cells

keratoses

abnormal condition of dry, scaly skin

ICHTHYOSIS

loosening of the epidermis

EPIDERMOLYSIS

yellow tumor

xanthoma

under the nail

sub-ungual

abnormal condition of nail fungus

ONYCHOMYCOSIS

circumscribed collection of clear fluid ( blister)

VESICLE

smooth, slightly elevated edematous area (hive)

WHEAL

groove or crack-like sore

FISSURE

circumscribed collection of pus

pustule

closed sac containing fluid or semi-solid material

CYST

open sore or erosion

ulcer

larger than 1 cm solid elevation of the skin

NODULE

solid elevation of the skin ( pimple)

PAPULE

baldness

ALOPECIA

itching

pruritis

blackhead

Melanin

purplish

..., somewhat purple

loss of pigment

depigmentation

macular patch

...

contagious parasitic infection with intense pruritus

SCABIES

white patches on mucous membrane of tongue or cheek

LEUKOPLAKIA

characterized by a rash

..., EXANTHEMATOUS

colored pigmentation of the skin moles

N-evus

acute, allergic reaction in which hives develop

URTICARIA

large blisters

BULLAE

Raised, thickened scar

KELOID

sac of fluid and hair over the sacral region of the back

Pilonidal cyst

chicken pox

virus

bedsore

decubitus ulcer

fungal skin infection

TINEA

necrosis of skin tissue resulting from ischemia

..., GANGRENE

contagious, infectious, pyoderma

IMPETIGO

cancerous tumor composed of melanocytes

melanoma

psoriasis

chronic, recurrent dermatosis marked by itchy, scaly, red plaques covered by silvery gray scales

scleroderma

..., hardening of the skin

gangrene

NECROSIS OF TISSUE

systemic lupus erythematosus

..., chronic autoimmune inflammatory disease of collagen in the skin, of joints, and of internal organs

two skin tests for allergy are

Scratch test and Patch test

a surgical procedure to core out a disk for microscopic analysis is a

PUNCH BIOPSY

moles that do not form properly and may progress to form melanomas are called

DYPLASTIC NEVI

paroncyhia

acute or chronic infection of skin fold around nail

tinea

infections of the skin or nails caused by fungi and appearing as itching circular patches

keratosis

thickened area of epidermis

callus

an area of skin that is thick or hard from continual pressure or friction (as the sole of the foot)

verruca

epidermal growth (wart) caused by a virus

subungal

under the nail

xanthoma

yellow tumor (nodule under the skin)

wheal

a raised mark on the skin (as produced by the blow of a whip)

pilosebaceous

of or relating to a hair follicle and its sebaceous gland

dermatophytosis

fungal infection of the skin

albino

person with skin deficient in pigment (melanin)

collagen

structural protein found in the skin and connective tissue

basal layer

deepest layer of epidermis

apocrine sweat gland

Large dermal exocrine gland in the axilla and genital areas.

outermost layer of the skin

Epidermis

Band of epidermis at the base and sides of the nail plate

cuticle

dermis

Middle layer of skin

eccrine sweat gland

most numerous sweat-producing exocrine gland in the skin

epithelium

layer of skin cells forming the outer and inner surfaces of the body

fat cell

lipocyte

sebum

Oily substance secreted by sebaceous glands

pore

..., Tiny opening on the surface of the skin

sebaceous gland

a cutaneous gland that secretes sebum (usually into a hair follicle) for lubricating hair and skin

arranged in layers

stratified

paronychium

soft tissue surrounding the nail border

stratum corneum

outermost layer of the epidermis, which consists of flattened, keratinized cells

subcutaneous layer

connective and adipose tissue layer just under the dermis

flat, scale-like cells composing the epidermis

squamous epithelium

ABCDE

Asymmetry, Border, Color, Diameter, Elevation

Bx

biopsy (cytology)

PPD

purified protein derivative

SC

Subcutaneous

PUVA

psoralen-ultraviolet a light therapy

Cryosurgery

use of cold temperatures to destroy tissue

curettage

surgery to remove tissue or growths from a bodily cavity (as the uterus) by scraping with a curette

skin biopsy

suspected malignant skin lesions are removed and examined microscopically by a pathologist

Botox

a formulation of botulinum toxin type A; injections that temporarily block the nerve signals to the injected muscle, reduce moderate to severe frown lines for up to 3-4 months

Adipocytes

fat cells

basal cell carcinoma

Malignant tumor of the basal cell layer of the epidermis

squamous cell carcinoma

malignant tumor of the squamous epithelium

Ecchymosis

bruising

cyan/o

dark blue

eosin/o

red, dawn, rosy

albin/o

lacking pigment

anthrac/o

black, coal

chlor/o

Denoting a green color

Erythro/o

red blood cell

jaund/o

yellow ie. jaundice

leuk/o

white

Cauter/o

Heat, burn

Cutane/o

skin

Derm/o

skin

Diaphor/o

profuse sweating

Erythemat/o

redness

Hydr/o

water

Ichthy/o

dry, scaly

Kerat/o

Hard Tissue

Melan/o

black, dark

Myc/o

fungus

Onych/o

fingernail or toenail

Pil/o

hair, hair follicle

Seb/o

sebum

Squam/o

squamous, scales

Ungul/o

nail

Xer/o

dryness

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