Chpt 16

Created by tg65825 

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20 terms

Piaget's Former Operation

The final stage of cognitive development, characterized by the ability to think abstractly
---- capacity for abstract thought.

Piaget's Hypothetical-Deductive Reasoning

Ability to accompany the sate of formal operations, to develop a hypothesis, and design an experiment to test it

Elkind's 6 ImmatureCharacteristics of Adolescent Thought: Idealism and Criticalness

Adolescents envision an ideal world, they realize how far the real world, for which they hold adults responsible, falls short.

Elkind's 6 Immature Characteristics of Adolescent Thought: Argumentativeness

Adolescents are always looking for opportunities to try out their reasoning abilities

Elkind's 6 Immature Characteristics of Adolescent Thought: Indecisiveness

Adolescents can keep many alternatives in mind at the same time yet may lack effective strategies for choosing among them

Elkind's 6 Immature Characteristics of Adolescent Thought: Self-Counsciousness

Imaginary audience- Elkind's term for an observer who exist only in an adolescent's thoughts and actions as the adolescent is.

Elkind's 6 Immature Characteristics of Adolescent Thought: Apparent Hypocracy

The difference between experessing an ideal and making the sacrafaces necessary to live up to it

Elkind's 6 Immature Characteristics of Adolescent Thought: Specialness and Invulnerability

Personal Fable- term for conviction that on is special, unique, and not subject to the rules that govern the rest of the world.

Social Perspective-Taking

The ability to understand another person's point of view and level of knowledge and tailor their own speech accordingly.

Pubilect

Language that different people use. Not language you would use in a formal setting.

Declarative Knowledge

Facts a person has acquired.

Procedural Knowledge

Skills a person has acquired.

Conceptual Knowledge

Understanding of "Why"

Kohlberg's Theory of Moral Reasoning: Level I

Preconventional Morality - People act under external controls, obeying rules to avoid punishment, get rewards, or out of self interest (ages 4-10)

Kohlberg's Theory of Moral Reasoning: Level II

Conventional Morality - People are concerned about being "good," pleasing others, and maintaining the social order (after age 10). Standards of authority figures are internalized (Golden Rule)

Kohlberg's Theory of Moral Reasoning: Level III

Post-Conventional Theory - People now recognize conflicts between moral standards and make their own judgments based on right, fairness, and justice principles (young adulthood or never)

Prosocial Moral Reasoning

Moral dilemmas in which one person's needs or desires conflict with those of others in which social rules or norms are unclear or nonexistent

Self-Efficacy

Belief they can master tasks and regulate their own learning.

Intrinsic Motivation

Desire to learn for the sake of learning.

Active Engagement

The extent to which the adolescent is actively involved in school.

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