Final Review With Blanks Set 1

26 terms by itorres5 

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Axis Powers/ Leaders

Military alliance formed between Germany (____________-leader's last name) and Italy (____________-leader's last name), and later Japan (____________-leader's last name)

Allied Powers/ Leaders

________________ (country) (Franklin D. Roosevelt), ________________ (country) (Churchill), ________________ (country) (Chamberlain), and ________________ (country) (Stalin)

Palmer Raids

attempts by the Department of Justice to arrest and deport left-wing _____________, especially anarchists from the United States

Appeasement

giving in to an aggressor to avoid ________________

Rations

limits on any kind of goods

Segregation

separation of people by category, usually race

Taft Hartley Act

law that weakened unions. Federal law allowed for the _______________ to monitor the activities and powers of the labor unions.

Braceros

Mexican farm and railroad workers who came to the United States during ___________ (major world event) as a result of a U.S./Mexico agreement

Internment camps

While the US was at war with ________, the government rounded up all the Japanese Americans and moved them to detention centers away from the ________

Cold War Alliances

NATO was a military alliance formed between the US and Western European nations to combat the spread of _____________. ___________ was formed between the Soviet Union and other Eastern European nations in response to NATO.

Potsdam Conference

Conference at the end of WWII that resulted in the division of ___________ into four occupied zones.

Julius and Ethel Rosenberg

Husband and wife that were convicted of providing _________________ (country) with atomic-energy secrets during WWII.

____ Parallel

US and USSR divided Korea on this latitudinal line to create North and South Korea

Domino Theory

the idea that the rest of Asia would follow if _________ became Communist.

Gulf of ________Incident

an attack on US ships, which led to direct involvement of the US in the Vietnam War.

______ Offensive

Huge assault/ attack launched by the North Vietnamese against important South Vietnamese targets

Vietnamization

when the Nixon withdrew US troops and turned over the war to the South Vietnamese

War _________ Act

reaffirmed Congress' constitutional power to declare war; set a 60-day limit on President's authority to commit US troops to serve in a foreign conflict

Sputnik

Satellite launched by the ______________ (country) , which started the space race

New Frontier

__________ (president's last name) plan to fix the economy and help the disadvantaged.

________ Society

Johnson's domestic plan that focused on poverty, Civil Rights, education, and healthcare

Organization of Petroleum ___________ (OPEC)

Alliance formed in 1960 by major oil producing countries to maintain high prices by controlling the production and sale of oil.

Realpolitick

practical foreign policy advocated by ___________ (president's last name). The country should follow what is best for it regardless of human rights abuses.

Strategic _____________________ Talks (SALT)

Talks between U.S. president Nixon and Soviet leader Brezhnev that led to a treaty limiting the number of ICBM missiles each country could have

Détente

period in the 1970s when tensions between the Soviet Union and the United States eased.

Watergate

Break-in at the ______________ headquarters, which led to a presidential scandal causing Nixon to resign.

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