King of England, Scotland, and Ireland (1625-1649). His power struggles with Parliament resulted in the English Civil War (1642-1648) in which Charles was defeated. He was tried for treason and beheaded in 1649
Parliament convened by Charles I in 1640; lasted on and off for 20 years; passed laws that limited power of monarchy
Declaration of Indulgence
says everyone has freedom of worship.
a palace built in the 17th century for Louis XIV southwest of Paris near the city of Versailles
Basic structure of PRODUCTION and CONSUMPTION in PRE-INDUSTRIAL Europe. Everybody worked, but the dad was the chief artisan.
the transformation of farming that resulted in the eighteenth century from the spread of new crops, improvements in cultivation techniques and livestock breeding.
James I and parliament
king of England after Elizabeth dies, absolutist, revised bible, didn't work with parliament
belief that a rulers authority comes directly from god.
Petition of right
document that required there be no taxation without the consent of Parliament
A list of grievances of the throne given to Charles I by the Long Parliament.
A reference to the political events of 1688-1689, when James II abdicated his throne and was replaced by his daughter Mary and her husband, Prince William of Orange.
French statesmen handpicked by Richelieu to be his successor.
French Labor tax requiring peasants to work on roads, bridges, and canals. Helped improve the goal of economic self-sustenance.
Revocation of Edict of Nantes
In October 1685, Louis XIV, renounced the Edict and declared Protestantism illegal with the Edict of Fontainebleau. Had very damaging results for France.
This guaranteed religious freedom to almost all Protestants in England under the monarchy of William and Mary.
Elector of Hanover and the first Hanoverian King of Great Britain and Ireland from 1714 to 1727 (1660-1727)
chief minister Thomas Wentworth to allow Charles to rule without renegotiating financial arrangements with Parliament. This policy imposed strict efficiency and administrative centralization in government. Its goal was absolute royal control of England.
these laws imposed penalties for attending non-Anglican services and excluded non-Anglicans from the religious and political life of England
Act of Settlement
provided that the English crown would go to the German Hanovers if none of Queen Anne's children survived
Louis XIV Conquests
built up France's internal strength through finance and military, strengthened army and connected france through trades routes, catholic religiion and the capital versailes and foreign expansion during his reign
men of women who were the poorest members of society, peasants who worked the lord's land in exchange for protection
increase in the number of people who inhabit a territory or state
English Civil War
War was between Charles I army and parliament's army and ended in 1649 with the execution of Charles I
taxes passed by James I based on past custom duties known as tonnage and poundage; Parliament resented these independent efforts to raise revenue as an affront to their authority over the royal purse
led the Parliamentarian victory in the English Civil War (1642-1649) and called for the execution of Charles I. As lord protector of England (1653-1658) he ruled as a virtual dictator.
king of France from 1643 to 1715; his long reign was marked by the expansion of French influence in Europe and by the magnificence of his court and the Palace of Versailles (1638-1715
a movement in literature and art during the 17th and 18th centuries in Europe that favored rationality and restraint and strict forms
Jean Baptiste Colbert
financial minister for Louis XIV, furthered prosperity by promoting good farming methods, building roads and canals (infrastructure), promoted existing industries with tariffs, aided new industries with subsidies, and increased mercantilism by establishing French trading posts in India and North American colonies
Parliament passed this in response to Charles II's declaration of indulgences; required all military members to swear an oath against transubstantiation.
English Bill of Rights
Document written by Parliament and agreed on by william and mary of England in 1689, designed to prevent abuse of power by english monarchs