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1) ________ refers to the benefits a customer receives from purchasing a good or service.
A) Satisfaction
B) Demand
C) Want
D) Promotion
E) Value

Value

2) Which of the following is NOT a marketing field?
A) supply-channel management
B) accounting
C) brand management
D) advertising
E) new product planning

...

3) A(n) ________ is the ultimate user of a good or service.
A) stakeholder
B) market
C) target market
D) marketer
E) consumer

consumer

ch. 2

1) A business plan ________.
A) is a document that outlines marketing strategies
B) identifies how a company will measure and control specific marketing strategies
C) is another name for a marketing plan
D) includes the decisions that guide the entire organization or its business units
E) is another name for a SWOT analysis

includes the decisions that guide the entire organization or its business units

2) A(n) ________ is a document that describes the marketing environment, outlines the marketing objectives and strategies, and identifies how the company will implement and control those strategies.
A) marketing plan
B) communications plan
C) business plan
D) operational plan
E) financial plan

marketing plan

3) A ________ is a firm's set of written standards of behavior to which everyone in the organization must subscribe and which establish standards for how the organization interacts with its stakeholders.
A) civil law
B) strategic plan
C) code of ethics
D) marketing plan
E) business plan

code of ethics

4) ________ is the managerial decision process that matches the organization's resources and capabilities to its market opportunities for long-term growth.
A) Operational planning
B) Strategic planning
C) Portfolio analysis
D) SWOT analysis
E) Corporate culture

Strategic planning

5) SBU stands for ________.
A) strategic buying utilities
B) successful business utilities
C) strategic business units
D) standard business units
E) successful business units

strategic business units

6) Areas of business within a firm that are different enough to have their own missions, business objectives, resources, managers, and competitors are referred to as ________.
A) strategic business units
B) market development units
C) market penetration units
D) standard business units
E) competitive intelligence units

strategic business units

7) The marketing plan is a type of ________.
A) day-to-day plan
B) code of ethics
C) strategic plan
D) independent plan
E) functional plan

functional plan

8) If Xerox had continued to define its ________ in terms of just producing copy machines instead of providing "document solutions," the shift to electronic documents would have left the company in the dust.
A) return on marketing investment
B) portfolio analysis
C) SWOT analysis
D) mission
E) external environment

mission

9) The second step in strategic planning is to ________.
A) formalize a mission statement
B) establish the business portfolio
C) set SBU and department-level objectives
D) set organizational objectives
E) assess the organization's internal and external environments

assess the organization's internal and external environments

10) Analysis of a firm's internal environment identifies the firm's ________.
A) strengths and weaknesses
B) strengths and opportunities
C) opportunities and threats
D) weaknesses and threats
E) strengths and threats

strengths and weaknesses

11) A firm's internal business environment does NOT include ________.
A) its employees
B) its corporate culture
C) its products
D) its technologies
E) elements of the legal environment

elements of the legal environment

12) Analysis of the external environment of an organization identifies the organization's ________.
A) strengths and weaknesses
B) strengths and opportunities
C) opportunities and threats
D) weaknesses and threats
E) strengths and threats

opportunities and threats

13) Each year, Honeywell asks every department manager to rate his or her department's strengths and weaknesses as well as those of the other departments with which the department interacts. Then each department manager is asked what he or she sees as the greatest threats and opportunities for the company. Honeywell is asking its department managers to engage in a(n) ________.
A) SWOT analysis
B) portfolio analysis
C) market analysis
D) functional planning session
E) compatibility assessment

SWOT analysis

14) Within a larger corporation, each SBU ________.
A) has its own business portfolio
B) has access to equal resources
C) has separate shareholders
D) is a separate profit center
E) is dependent upon central management for a mission statement

is dependent upon central management for a mission statement

15) A(n) ________ is a tool management uses to assess the potential of a firm's business portfolio. It helps management decide how to allocate resources among the firm's current SBUs.
A) SWOT analysis
B) portfolio analysis
C) value chain
D) operational plan
E) compatibility assessment

portfolio analysis

16) The growth-market share matrix developed by the Boston Consulting Group (BCG) is a type of ________.
A) SWOT analysis
B) portfolio analysis
C) value chain
D) situational analysis
E) compatibility assessment

portfolio analysis

17) According to the BCG growth-market share matrix, ________ are strategic business units with products that have a dominant market share in a high-growth market.
A) problem children
B) exclamation points
C) cash cows
D) stars
E) question marks

stars

18) According to the BCG growth-market share matrix, ________ are strategic business units with products that have a dominant market share in a low-growth market.
A) dogs
B) exclamation points
C) cash cows
D) stars
E) question marks

cash cows

19) According to the BCG growth-market share matrix, ________ are strategic business units with products that have low market shares in fast-growth markets.
A) dogs
B) exclamation points
C) cash cows
D) stars
E) question marks

question marks

20) According to the BCG growth-market share matrix, ________ are strategic business units with products that have a small share of a slow-growth market.
A) dogs
B) exclamation points
C) cash cows
D) stars
E) question marks

dogs

21) An SBU fits into the ________ category of the BCG model when sales have been steady and the firm has a large market share.
A) problem child
B) dog
C) cash cow
D) star
E) question mark

cash cow?

22) Which of the following is a limitation of the BCG matrix?
A) It doesn't help managers determine which SBUs need investment to grow.
B) It doesn't help managers determine which SBUs should be dropped from the portfolio.
C) It focuses on the future of the market rather than current conditions.
D) It doesn't tell managers the best ways to make growth happen.
E) It can't be used by corporations with multiple SBUs.

...

23) A growth strategy that attracts users of competitive brands is called a ________ strategy.
A) market development
B) product penetration
C) market penetration
D) diversification
E) product development

market penetration

24) When McDonald's purchased Donato's Pizza and a controlling interest in Chipotle Mexican Grills, the company was pursuing a ________ strategy.
A) market development
B) product penetration
C) market penetration
D) diversification
E) product development

diversification

25) The ________ provides managers with four different fundamental marketing strategies: market penetration, market development, product development, and diversification.
A) BCG growth-market share matrix
B) portfolio analysis
C) strategic plan
D) SWOT analysis
E) product-market growth matrix

product-market growth matrix

26) When General Mills urged consumers to lower their cholesterol by eating Cheerios twice a day over the course of six weeks, the aim was to increase usage among current customers. General Mills used a ________ strategy.
A) market development
B) product penetration
C) market penetration
D) diversification
E) product development

market penetration

27) ________ strategies emphasize both new products and new markets to achieve growth.
A) Diversification
B) Market penetration
C) Market development
D) Product development
E) Cash cow

Diversification

28) The first step of the marketing planning process involves closely examining the ________.
A) marketing strategies
B) product development process
C) marketing controls
D) marketing environment
E) functional plan

marketing environment

29) Which step in developing a marketing plan includes an analysis of the marketing environment?
A) situation analysis
B) development of marketing objectives
C) selection of a target market
D) development of marketing strategies
E) implementation of the marketing plan

implementation of the marketing plan

30) The second step of the marketing planning process is to ________.
A) perform a situation analysis
B) set marketing objectives
C) define a marketing mission
D) identify a target market
E) develop a marketing mix

identify a target market

31) In a marketing plan, the ________ state what the marketing function must accomplish to achieve overall business objectives.
A) situation analyses
B) strategic plans
C) marketing objectives
D) market development strategies
E) marketing controls

strategic plans

32) In the ________ step of the marketing planning process, decisions are made concerning what markets to target and what marketing mix strategies to use.
A) perform a situation analysis
B) develop marketing strategies
C) implement the marketing plan
D) control the marketing plan
E) develop marketing metrics

develop marketing strategies

33) In the ________ stage of marketing planning, marketers must determine how they want consumers to think of their product in comparison to competing products.
A) develop a mission statement
B) perform a situation analysis
C) develop marketing strategies
D) develop distribution strategies
E) implement the plan

develop marketing strategies

34) Southwest Airlines uses a ________ to target customers who could not previously afford air travel.
A) pricing strategy
B) market penetration strategy
C) marketing metric
D) distribution strategy
E) mission statement

pricing strategy

35) Marketers communicate a product's value proposition to the target market by implementing a ________.
A) product segment
B) promotional strategy
C) pricing strategy
D) distribution strategy
E) marketing metric

promotional strategy

36) Advertising, sales promotion, public relations, direct marketing, and personal selling are all part of the ________.
A) target market strategy
B) pricing strategy
C) product strategy
D) promotion strategy
E) distribution strategy

promotion strategy

37) Many airlines now encourage customers to purchase online "ticketless" flight reservations by charging a fee to those who purchase tickets at ticket counters. This is an example of a ________ strategy.
A) distribution
B) return on marketing investment
C) marketing control
D) product
E) promotion
`

distribution

38) After marketing strategies are developed, the next step in marketing planning is ________.
A) development of marketing objectives
B) strategic planning
C) implementation
D) situation analysis
E) pricing development

implementation

39) ________ is the formal process of monitoring progress toward meeting marketing objectives.
A) Corporate culture
B) Control
C) Implementation
D) Situation analysis
E) SWOT analysis

Control

40) Making adjustments to the marketing plan is part of ________.
A) SWOT analysis
B) portfolio analysis
C) implementation and control
D) situation analysis
E) return on marketing investment processes

implementation and control

Ch 4:
1) A ________ is a process that determines what information marketing managers need and then gathers, sorts, analyzes, stores, and distributes relevant and timely marketing information to users.
A) primary data collection system
B) secondary data collection system
C) competitive intelligence system
D) marketing research project
E) marketing information system

marketing information system

2) Which of the following lists the three important components of a basic marketing information system (MIS)?
A) competitive intelligence, internal records, and all sales personnel
B) existing data, market researchers to gather more data, and the technology to convert those data into information
C) managers at all levels, corporate culture, and internal data
D) data, computer hardware and software, and output for marketing decision makers
E) information resources, technical experts, and marketing managers

data, computer hardware and software, and output for marketing decision makers

3) Frito-Lay's ________ gathers daily sales data and sorts it by product line and by region. The marketing managers use the data to evaluate the market share of different Frito-Lay products compared to one another and to competing snack foods in each region where the company does business.
A) case study
B) acquired database
C) syndicated research
D) marketing information system
E) marketing intelligence system

marketing information system

4) Data such as which of a company's customers buy which products, which items the company has in stock, and when the company ships items to its customer are all examples of ________.
A) marketing intelligence
B) acquired data points
C) external primary data
D) marketing research
E) internal company data

internal company data

5) Managers at a discount retailer's headquarters would use which of the following to access up-to-the-minute sales information obtained from the store's cash registers around the country in order to detect problems with products, promotions, and even the firm's distribution system?
A) a company intranet
B) secondary data
C) a prediction market
D) marketing intelligence
E) sampling

a company intranet

6) Which of the following is the method by which marketers collect available information about what is going on in the world that is relevant to their business?
A) a marketing decision support system
B) marketing management
C) longitudinal research
D) a marketing intelligence system
E) data mining

a marketing intelligence system

7) ________ is the process of collecting, analyzing, and interpreting data about customers, competitors, and the business environment to improve marketing effectiveness.
A) Marketing research
B) Marketing management
C) Competitive intelligence
D) Marketing intelligence
E) Internal marketing

Marketing research

8) Which of the following is general information collected by specialized firms on a regular basis and then sold to other firms?
A) syndicated research
B) custom research
C) competitive research
D) perceptual tracking
E) marketing decision support research

syndicated research

9) A company reports on consumers' perceptions of more than 1,700 performers for companies that are interested in using a performer in their advertising. This type of report is an example of ________.
A) syndicated research
B) custom research
C) case study research
D) exploratory research
E) primary research

syndicated research

10) ________ is research a single firm conducts to provide answers to specific questions.
A) Syndicated research
B) Custom research
C) Consumer data
D) Perceptual tracking
E) Internal data

Custom research

11) To take advantage of the massive amount of data now available, sophisticated analysis techniques called ________ are becoming a priority for many firms.
A) data mining
B) prospecting
C) cold calling
D) data warehousing
E) data tallying

data mining

12) The process through which analysts sift through massive amounts of available data to identify unique patterns of behavior among different customer groups is called ________.
A) causal research
B) custom research
C) longitudinal research
D) data warehousing
E) data mining

data mining

13) Cellular providers who have begun signing deals with business partners wanting to market products based on specific phone users' locations and calling habits are participating in a new trend called ________.
A) telemarketing
B) data warehousing
C) reality mining
D) virtual mining
E) prediction marketing

reality mining

14) Which of the following is NOT one of the four main applications of data mining for marketers?
A) customer retention
B) customer acquisition
C) customer abandonment
D) competitive intelligence
E) market basket analysis

competitive intelligence

15) Companies are most likely to use data mining results identifying unprofitable customers for ________.
A) customer retention
B) customer loyalty
C) customer acquisition
D) customer abandonment
E) market basket analysis

customer abandonment

16) Which of the following is a true statement about the steps in the marketing research process?
A) The research design should be determined before the problem is defined.
B) The last step is to analyze and interpret the data.
C) The first step is selecting a method of data collection.
D) The first step is defining the research problem.
E) The data must be collected before the sample can be designed.

The first step is defining the research problem.

17) The marketing research process step of defining the research problem has three components: specifying the research objectives, identifying the consumer population of interest, and ________.
A) placing the problem in an environmental context
B) determining a budget for the research process
C) selecting managers responsible for analyzing the data
D) determining whether primary data will be needed
E) deciding whether to hire a marketing research agency or to conduct the research in-house

placing the problem in an environmental context

18) Which component of the marketing research process determines the consumer population that a company will study?
A) the research design
B) the sampling method
C) the research objective
D) the collection method
E) the sampling design

the research objective

19) Which of the following specifies exactly what information marketers will collect and what type of study they will do?
A) the research objective
B) the environmental context
C) the sampling method
D) the data collection method
E) the research design

the research design

20) Data that has been collected for some other purpose than to answer the question at hand is called ________.
A) primary data
B) secondary data
C) mined data
D) experimental data
E) ethnographic data

secondary data

21) Which of the following is information gathered directly from respondents in order to specifically address a question at hand?
A) ethnographic observations
B) experimental hypotheses
C) primary data
D) secondary data
E) internal data

primary data

22) Marketers would be most likely to use ________ to come up with ideas for new strategies and opportunities or to get a better understanding of a problem they are currently experiencing with a product.
A) experimental research
B) experiential research
C) exploratory research
D) causal research
E) secondary research

exploratory research

23) Which of the following is most likely to involve in-depth surveying or observation of a few consumers who fit the profile of the "typical" customer?
A) data mining
B) syndicated research
C) exploratory research
D) causal research
E) descriptive research

exploratory research

24) Which type of research generates nonnumeric results that provide detailed verbal or visual information about consumers' attitude?
A) data mining
B) qualitative research
C) quantitative research
D) causal research
E) descriptive research

qualitative research

25) Which of the following is true of focus groups?
A) They are typically conducted in mall settings.
B) They are a type of descriptive research.
C) They are a type of one-on-one interview.
D) They are used to gather exploratory data.
E) They do not use a discussion leader.

They are used to gather exploratory data. ?

26) A(n) ________ is a comprehensive examination of a particular firm or organization.
A) focus group
B) case study
C) longitudinal study
D) expert panel
E) ethnographic study

case study

27) Using ________, some marketing researchers participate in real-life consumer activities to get an understanding of how consumers actually use products.
A) mechanical observation
B) ethnography
C) focus groups
D) face-to-face interviews
E) telephone interviews

ethnography

28) Focus groups have become one of the major marketing research tools for getting insight into consumer thoughts and feelings. However, a researcher relying solely on focus groups would likely be most concerned about which of the following?
A) finding a convenience sample
B) generalizing the results to the rest of the population
C) administering the questions
D) orchestrating cooperation among participants
E) generating qualitative data

generalizing the results to the rest of the population

29) Descriptive research using a ________ design tracks the responses of the same sample of respondents over time.
A) latitudinal
B) cause-and-effect
C) longitudinal
D) cross-sectional
E) hierarchical

longitudinal

30) Marketers use ________ when they want to determine if a change in one thing is responsible for a change in something else.
A) ethnography
B) predictive techniques
C) descriptive research
D) causal research
E) exploratory research

causal research

31) Researchers design ________ to test predicted relationships among variables in a controlled environment.
A) longitudinal assessments
B) statistical models
C) multidimensional scales
D) experiments
E) perceptual maps

experiments

32) Which of the following is NOT an advantage of online questionnaires?
A) speed
B) low costs
C) almost instantaneous results
D) control over who respondents are
E) no geographic restrictions

control over who respondents are

33) Predictive technology used by e-marketers relies on which of the following?
A) sophisticated brain scans revealing consumers' reactions to advertisements and products
B) collecting data through people meters
C) collecting qualitative information through online questionnaires
D) drawing generalizations from professional respondents
E) tracking the shopping patterns of large numbers of people

tracking the shopping patterns of large numbers of people

34) ________ is the extent to which research actually measures what it was intended to measure.
A) Flexibility
B) Validity
C) Responsiveness
D) Reliability
E) Representativeness

Validity

35) ________ is the extent to which research measurement techniques are free of errors.
A) Flexibility
B) Validity
C) Responsiveness
D) Reliability
E) Representativeness

Reliability

36) Children are difficult subjects for market researchers because they have poor recall and often do not understand the questions they are asked. This brings into question the ________ of the survey.
A) flexibility
B) sampling
C) responsiveness
D) reliability
E) representativeness

reliability

37) The two main types of samples used by researchers are ________.
A) reliable and nonreliable
B) probability and nonprobability
C) valid and invalid
D) static and dynamic
E) longitudinal and latitudinal

probability and nonprobability

38) Which of the following is true about a probability sample?
A) The observation method is used to select people who appear most willing to participate.
B) Convenience is the key determinant of who participates.
C) A researcher uses personal judgment to select participants.
D) Every member of the population is included in the sample.
E) Each member of the population has some known chance of being included in the sample.

Each member of the population has some known chance of being included in the sample.

Ch. 7

1) People's diverse interests and backgrounds divide them into numerous groups with distinct needs and wants, a condition most accurately described as ________.
A) market aggregation
B) market positioning
C) economic aggregation
D) disintermediation
E) market fragmentation

market fragmentation

2) Marketers must balance the ________ of mass marketing with the ________ of offering each individual customer exactly what he wants.
A) efficiency; effectiveness
B) scale; positioning
C) investment; cost
D) cost; investment
E) positioning; scale

efficiency; effectiveness

3) Which of the following statements about the steps in the target marketing process is true?
A) The first step in the target marketing process is setting marketing objectives.
B) There are four steps in the target marketing process.
C) The second step in the target marketing process is the identification of all segmentation variables.
D) The final step in the target marketing process is positioning.
E) The target marketing process is not related to positioning.

The final step in the target marketing process is positioning.

4) What are the steps, in order, of the target marketing process?
A) segmentation, positioning, targeting
B) segmentation, targeting, and positioning
C) targeting, segmentation, and positioning
D) targeting, positioning, and segmentation
E) positioning, segmentation, and targeting

segmentation, targeting, and positioning

5) Which of the following is the process of dividing a larger market into smaller pieces based on one or more meaningfully shared characteristics?
A) acculturation
B) segmentation
C) market fragmentation
D) market aggregation
E) positioning

segmentation

6) The group of American consumers born between 1979 and 1994 are often called ________.
A) baby busters
B) the silent majority
C) Generation Y
D) tweens
E) Generation X

Generation Y

7) Which of the following is the most accurate generalization of members of Generation Y?
A) Many people in this segment seem determined to have stable families after growing up as latchkey children.
B) Members of this generation are currently responsible for the majority of new start-up businesses in the United States.
C) Members of this generation were born in the years immediately following the end of World War II.
D) Members of this generation are willing to spend money to stay young, healthy, and attractive.
E) Members of this generation are more difficult to reach through television advertising than members of older generations are.

Members of this generation are more difficult to reach through television advertising than members of older generations are.?

8) The supermarket sells boxes of pink diapers and blue diapers. This is an example of segmenting by ________.
A) gender
B) age
C) ethnicity
D) social class
E) geocoding

gender

The management practice of ________ involves actively seeking people of different races, sexes, ethnic groups, and religions in an organization's employees, customers, suppliers, and distribution channel partners.
A) geodemography
B) cultural diversity
C) ethnic segmentation
D) psychography
E) social networking

cultural diversity

10) Companies can customize Web advertising by ________ so that people who log on in different places will see ad banners for local businesses.
A) geocoding
B) geodemography
C) geodiversity
D) psychographics
E) usage

geocoding

11) The division of buyers into groups based on lifestyle or personality characteristics is ________ segmentation.
A) behavioral
B) psychographic
C) values
D) demographic
E) needs

psychographic

12) Which three primary consumer motivations are key to the VALS system?
A) faith, family, and finances
B) age, gender, and ethnicity
C) place of usage, time of usage, and frequency of usage
D) ideals, achievement, and self-expression
E) income, education, and geographic location

ideals, achievement, and self-expression

13) Markets can be segmented into group of nonusers, ex-users, potential users, heavy users, and moderate users of a product. This is an example of ________ segmentation.
A) behavioral
B) occasion
C) demographic
D) psychographic
E) geocoding

behavioral

14) The 80/20 rule is most directly related to ________ segmentation.
A) demographic
B) behavioral
C) geodemographic
D) socioeconomic
E) psychographic

behavioral

15) According to the long tail approach to selling, ________.
A) the Internet provides fewer opportunities for segmenting markets
B) companies can make the most money by focusing on the "bottom-of-pyramid" market
C) companies should focus on the 20 percent of customers who purchase the greatest volume of their product
D) companies should focus on the 80 percent of customers who purchase the greatest volume of their product
E) companies can make money by selling small amounts of items that only a few people want

companies can make money by selling small amounts of items that only a few people want

16) Which of the following is the best example of the long tail approach to selling?
A) Nearly 20% of the videos delivered by Netflix are older or obscure titles from its vast collection of videos.
B) Kraft Foods focuses on the 20% of U.S. households that purchase 80% of the Miracle Whip the company markets.
C) Barnes & Noble stocks the most popular books and magazines in its retail stores.
D) Google lets advertisers target certain ads to certain segments of search engine users.
E) Staples segments its business-to-business markets based on sales volume.

Nearly 20% of the videos delivered by Netflix are older or obscure titles from its vast collection of videos.

17) During tax season, you're likely to see more TurboTax ads on Google pages, even if you aren't searching for tax software. This is an example of ________ segmentation.
A) geodemographic
B) psychographic
C) usage occasion
D) demographic
E) geocoding

usage occasion

Chapter 1:

1) ________ refers to the benefits a customer receives from purchasing a good or service.
A) Satisfaction
B) Demand
C) Want
D) Promotion
E) Value

Value

2) Which of the following is NOT a marketing field?
A) supply-channel management
B) accounting
C) brand management
D) advertising
E) new product planning

accounting

3) A(n) ________ is the ultimate user of a good or service.
A) stakeholder
B) market
C) target market
D) marketer
E) consumer

consumer

4) ________ is the activity, set of institutions, and processes for creating, communicating, delivering, and exchanging offerings that have value for customers, clients, partners, and society at large.
A) Demand satisfaction
B) Competitive advantage building
C) Marketing
D) Total Quality Management
E) Value chain management

Marketing

5) ________ is about delivering value to everyone who is affected by a transaction.
A) Demand
B) Competitive advantage
C) Marketing
D) Exchange
E) The value chain

Marketing

6) Buyers, sellers, investors, and community residents are all considered ________ in a company.
A) stakeholders
B) shareholders
C) consumers
D) value chain members
E) social marketers

stakeholders

7) When a gap exists between a consumer's actual state and some ideal or desired state, the consumer has a ________.
A) benefit
B) demand
C) need
D) value
E) utility

need

8) A ________ is a desire for a particular product a consumer uses to satisfy a need in a specific way that is culturally and socially influenced.
A) benefit
B) demand
C) value
D) utility
E) want

want

9) A ________ is the outcome that motivates a customer's buying behavior.
A) benefit
B) demand
C) value
D) need
E) want

benefit

10) A customer's desire for a product coupled with the buying power or resources to obtain that product is called a ________.
A) benefit
B) demand
C) need
D) stake
E) service

demand

11) To be part of the ________ for a product, consumers must share a common need that can be satisfied by the product and have the resources, willingness, and authority to purchase the product.
A) demand center
B) audience
C) value proposition
D) marketplace
E) market

market

12) All of the following are forms of utility created by marketing processes except ________.
A) form utility
B) place utility
C) time utility
D) possession utility
E) price utility

price utility

13) ________ utility is the benefit marketing provides by transforming raw materials into finished products, as when a dress manufacturer combines silk, thread, and a zipper to create a bridesmaid's gown.
A) Form
B) Place
C) Time
D) Possession
E) Price

Form

14) Women who rent their wedding gowns instead of buying them and wearing them only once are taking advantage of a ________ utility.
A) form
B) place
C) time
D) possession
E) price

time

15) For an exchange to occur, ________.
A) at least two people or organizations must be willing to make a trade, and each must have something the other wants
B) there must be one winner and one loser
C) someone must make a financial profit
D) the item must be tangible
E) time utility must be created

at least two people or organizations must be willing to make a trade, and each must have something the other wants

16) In which kind of market would a production orientation be most successful?
A) a buyer's market in which supply exceeds demand
B) a market in which there are more sellers than buyers
C) a seller's market in which demand is greater than supply
D) a market that sells only intangible products
E) no market

a seller's market in which demand is greater than supply

17) Companies that have a ________ orientation tend to be more successful at making one-time sales than at building repeat business.
A) consumer
B) marketing
C) selling
D) societal
E) relationship

selling

18) A ________ orientation is a management philosophy that focuses on ways to satisfy customers' needs and wants.
A) consumer
B) promotion
C) selling
D) production
E) quality

consumer

19) In general, companies that focus on a triple bottom line are most likely to place a priority on which of the following?
A) sustainability
B) the production orientation
C) the selling orientation
D) manufacturing on demand
E) instapreneurship

sustainability

sustainability

the financial bottom line, the social bottom line, and the environmental bottom line

21) ________ involves systematically tracking consumers' preferences and behaviors over time in order to tailor the value proposition as closely as possible to each individual's unique wants and needs.
A) Value propositioning
B) Customer relationship management (CRM)
C) Differential benefit development
D) Sales orientation
E) Value chain management

Customer relationship management (CRM)

22) ________ maintains that marketers must satisfy customers' needs in ways that also benefit society and are profitable to the firm.
A) Value propositioning
B) Customer relationship management (CRM)
C) The social marketing concept
D) A sales orientation
E) Value chain management

The social marketing concept

23) A company that focuses on ________ is concerned with meeting present consumer needs without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their needs.
A) the selling orientation
B) the production orientation
C) Total Quality Management
D) sustainability
E) return on investment

...

24) Which of the following refers to marketing strategies that support environmental stewardship by establishing an environmentally founded differential benefit in the minds of consumers?
A) greenwashing
B) green marketing
C) triple bottom line orientation
D) social marketing
E) social networking

green marketing

25) ________ are intangible products that we pay for and use but never own.
A) Consumer goods
B) Services
C) Industrial goods
D) E-commerce products
E) Value products

Services

26) ________ are the tangible products that individuals purchase for personal or family use.
A) Consumer services
B) Consumer goods
C) E-services
D) E-products
E) Industrial goods

...

27) ________ marketing is the marketing of goods and services from one organization to another.
A) Distributive
B) Consumer
C) Customer
D) Business-to-business
E) Target

Business-to-business

28) ________ is the buying and selling of products over the Internet.
A) Consumer-generated marketing
B) Consumer relationship management
C) E-commerce
D) Social marketing
E) Social networking

E-commerce

29) When companies calculate the lifetime value of a customer they look at ________.
A) how much profit they expect to make from a particular customer, including each and every purchase she will make from them now and in the future
B) the positive word of mouth about the product that the customer can spread among her family, friends, and acquaintances
C) the lifetime expectancy of the product the customer purchased
D) the age of the customer to see whether she is likely to live long enough to utilize the product being sold
E) the career path of the customer to see if she may move to a different geographic area and no longer purchase from the company

how much profit they expect to make from a particular customer, including each and every purchase she will make from them now and in the future

30) A ________ is a series of activities involved in designing, producing, marketing, delivering, and supporting any product.
A) value proposition
B) production orientation
C) value chain
D) marketing concept
E) market position

value chain

31) In addition to marketing activities, the ________ includes business functions such as human resource management and technology development.
A) value chain
B) marketing mix
C) utility function
D) customer relationship management process
E) market position

value chain

32) Social networking is an integral part of which of the following?
A) the triple bottom line orientation
B) lifetime value of a customer
C) the value chain
D) Web 2.0
E) Web 1.0

Web 2.0

33) ________ is a decision process in which marketing managers determine the strategies that will help the firm meet its long-term objectives and then execute those strategies using the tools they have at their disposal.
A) Total Quality Management
B) Sustainability
C) Return on investment
D) Marketing
E) The open source model

Marketing

34) The ________ is a document that describes the marketing environment, outlines the marketing objectives and strategy, and identifies who will be responsible for carrying out each part of the marketing strategy.
A) marketing mix
B) marketing plan
C) value proposition
D) value chain
E) open source model

marketing plan

35) ________ is the process of thinking strategically about the big picture and where the firm and its products fit within it.
A) The marketing mix
B) Total Quality Management
C) Marketing planning
D) Customer relationship management
E) Value proposition creation

Marketing planning

36) A ________ is a distinctive group of customers within a larger market who are similar to one another in some way and whose needs differ from other customers in the larger market.
A) market segment
B) popular culture
C) mass market
D) market mix
E) market position

market segment

37) A ________ is defined as a market segment on which an organization focuses its marketing plan and toward which it directs its marketing efforts.
A) social network
B) market convergence
C) subculture
D) value chain
E) target market

target market

38) A market position refers to ________.
A) the organization's decision to use no more than two elements of the marketing mix
B) the location where the organization sells its products
C) the specific means the organization uses to distribute its products
D) how the target market perceives a product in relation to competitors' products
E) the strategic planning and execution of the marketing mix

how the target market perceives a product in relation to competitors' products

39) The Four Ps are ________.
A) price, product, place, and promotion
B) price, profit, production, and possession
C) product, production, possession, and promotion
D) product, promotion, price, and profit
E) place, production, process, and profit

price, product, place, and promotion

40) Which of the following is a true statement about the Four Ps of the marketing mix?
A) A decision about one of the Ps affects every other marketing-mix decision.
B) Product is always the most important of the Four Ps.
C) Place is typically the least important of the Four Ps.
D) The Four Ps have little effect on a product's market position.
E) The Four Ps are used to determine a product's target market.

A decision about one of the Ps affects every other marketing-mix decision.

41) Which of the following is part of the product element of the marketing mix?
A) a quality discount
B) a store coupon
C) a newspaper advertisement
D) the packaging
E) publicity releases

the packaging

42) ________ is the assignment of a product's value, or the amount the consumer must exchange to receive the offering.
A) Promotion
B) Price
C) Benefit
D) Need
E) Utility

Price

43) The ________ element of the marketing mix communicates the value proposition using forms such as personal selling, advertising, coupons, and publicity.
A) production
B) place
C) price
D) distribution
E) promotion

promotion

44) Which element of the marketing mix is most closely associated with a company's supply chain?
A) production
B) place
C) price
D) profit
E) promotion

place

Ch 3:

1) Marketers need to understand the ________ environment of a country from two perspectives: the overall level of development of a country and the current stage of its business cycle.
A) political and legal
B) sociocultural
C) economic
D) technological
E) natural

economic

2) The most commonly used measure of economic health of a country is the country's ________.
A) gross domestic product (GDP)
B) gross national product (GNP)
C) exchange rate
D) cost of living
E) Big Mac Index

gross domestic product (GDP)

3) ________ measures the value of all goods and services produced by a country's individuals or organizations, whether within the country's borders or not.
A) Gross national product (GNP)
B) The inflation rate
C) Gross domestic product (GDP)
D) The business cycle
E) Economic infrastructure

Gross national product (GNP)

4) In most cases, which of the following is true about a least developed country (LDC)?
A) It has an economy based on agriculture.
B) It is by definition landlocked.
C) It has a viable middle class.
D) It has high literacy levels.
E) It has an advanced economic infrastructure.

It has an economy based on agriculture.

5) Which of the following is NOT among the largest of the world's developing countries?
A) Brazil
B) Russia
C) India
D) Canada
E) China

Canada

6) A severe recession is a depression, a period in which prices fall but there is little demand because few people have money to spend and many are out of work. This condition is part of ________.
A) the competitive environment
B) the business cycle
C) the technological environment
D) demographics
E) social norms

the business cycle

7) Which of the following occurs when prices and the cost of living rise while money loses its purchasing power?
A) prosperity
B) recovery
C) inflation
D) deflation
E) a depression

inflation

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