warming that results when solar radiation is trapped by the atmosphere
an increase in the average temperature of the earth's atmosphere (especially a sustained increase that causes climatic changes)
is a measure of the intensity of heat.
a heavy odorless colorless gas formed during respiration and by the decomposition of organic substances
the process by which green plants and certain other organisms synthesize carbohydrates from carbon dioxide and water using light as an energy source and usually releasing oxygen aas a byproduct
A hydrocarbon deposit, such as petroleum, coal, or natural gas, derived from living matter of a previous geologic time and used for fuel.
chemical reaction that releases energy from food. Animals, plants and fungi all carry out respiration. Respiration produces carbon dioxide. In respiration, oxygen is used to break apart food molecules.
a nucleotide derived from adenosine that occurs in muscle tissue
breaks down the pyruvic acid to carbon dioxide, produces 2 ATP and 6 NADH , for every glucose molecule entering glycolysis. Takes place inside the mitochondria and produces the CO2 that you breath out.
green pigment that captures light energy for photosynthesis
is a metabolic pathway found in the stroma of the chloroplast in which it uses ATP and NADPH to allow carbon to enter in the form of CO2 and leaves in the form of sugar
a chemical phenomenon in which an organic molecule splits into simpler substances
a metabolic process that breaks down carbohydrates and sugars through a series of reactions to either pyruvic acid or lactic acid and release energy for the body in the form of ATP
Electron transport chain
A sequence of electron carrier molecules (membrane proteins) that shuttle electrons during the redox reactions that release energy used to make ATP. WORKS AS A PROTON PUMP!
takes place in the grana of the chloroplast. Uses light energy to form chemical energy (ATP and NADPH)
typical plants that open their stomata during the day and close their stoma at night
ex. common plants in cool areas like Canada
open their stomata only briefly during the day, THey store CO2 as a 4 carbon sugar
Mainly tropical plants ex sugarcane
Only open their stomata at night. These are desert plants ex cactus